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Halli S Weiner et al.
Biology of reproduction, 100(5), 1261-1274 (2019-02-05)
Spermatozoa from three feline species-the domestic cat (Felis catus), the cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus), and the clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa)-were analyzed using metabolomic profiling and 13C-based fluxomics to address questions raised regarding their energy metabolism. Metabolic profiles and utilization of 13C-labeled
Abhishek Jain et al.
Scientific reports, 9(1), 9191-9191 (2019-06-27)
Gut microbiome plays a vital role in human health. Human fecal and urine metabolome could provide a functional readout of gut microbial metabolism as well as its interaction with host and diet. However, this relationship still needs to be fully
S I Arriola Apelo et al.
Journal of dairy science, 97(2), 1047-1056 (2013-12-24)
Improved representation of postabsorptive N metabolism in lactating dairy cows requires a better understanding of protein synthesis regulation in the mammary glands. This study aimed to determine the quantitative effects of Ile, Leu, Met, and Thr on the phosphorylation state
Chang Xu et al.
Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine : eCAM, 2020, 9784382-9784382 (2020-05-10)
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has become a major disease threatening human health worldwide. At present, the treatment of T2DM cannot cure diabetes and is prone to many side effects. Psidium guajava L. leaves have been reported to possess hypoglycemic
Asha Kumari et al.
Frontiers in pharmacology, 8, 61-61 (2017-03-07)
Salvadora persica is a medicinally important plant mainly used in oral hygiene. However, little attention has been given towards the nutritional prominence of this plant. This study encloses the proximate and mineral nutrient contents, amino acid composition, metabolite profiling and
Paul P G Gauthier et al.
Plant, cell & environment, 36(1), 128-137 (2012-06-20)
Nitrogen isotope composition (δ(15) N) in plant organic matter is currently used as a natural tracer of nitrogen acquisition efficiency. However, the δ(15) N value of whole leaf material does not properly reflect the way in which N is assimilated
K F Dalbach et al.
Journal of dairy science, 94(8), 3913-3927 (2011-07-27)
The present study aimed to investigate the effects of 2-hydroxy-4-(methylthio)-butanoic acid isopropyl ester (HMBi) supplementation on splanchnic AA metabolism, essential AA (EAA) mobilization, and plasma AA status in postpartum transition dairy cows. The EAA mobilization was calculated by difference: EAA
Sarita Devi et al.
The American journal of clinical nutrition, 107(6), 984-991 (2018-05-18)
Recent evaluations of the risk of dietary protein deficiency have indicated that protein digestibility may be a key limiting factor in the provision of indispensable amino acids (IAAs), particularly for vulnerable populations living in challenging environments where intestinal dysfunction may
Antonela G Garzón et al.
Journal of food science and technology, 55(8), 3188-3198 (2018-08-02)
Two cultivars of sorghum were germinated at 25 or 30 °C for 1, 2, or 3 days to investigate the evolution of γ-Aminobutyric acid (GABA), total free phenolic compounds (FPC), hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives, free amino acid (FAA) profile, and antioxidant activity during
Shahnaj Parvin et al.
The New phytologist, 227(1), 132-145 (2020-03-05)
Photosynthetic stimulation by elevated [CO2 ] (e[CO2 ]) may be limited by the capacity of sink organs to use photosynthates. In many legumes, N2 -fixing symbionts in root nodules provide an additional sink, so that legumes may be better able
Forkwa Tengweh Fombong et al.
Foods (Basel, Switzerland), 10(1) (2021-01-16)
Edible orthopterans (grasshoppers, crickets, and locusts) are major delicacies, especially across sub-Saharan Africa. Their promotion as food ingredients is increasingly gaining momentum. This study evaluates the nutritional profiles of three widely consumed orthopterans: Gryllus bimaculatus, Locusta migratoria, and Schistocerca gregaria
M Garcia et al.
Journal of dairy science, 99(5), 3777-3783 (2016-03-14)
Glutamine is the preferred AA used by polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) during the inflammatory response. However, the effect of other AA on bovine PMN response during inflammation and how this is altered by stage of lactation has not been fully elucidated.
Weidong Dai et al.
Food chemistry, 311, 126007-126007 (2019-12-20)
In this study, a novel spatial-resolution targeted metabolomics method was developed for a single leaf on the basis of microscale sample preparation and dansylation derivatization coupled with ultraperformance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry with a spatial resolution of 1.7 × 1.7 mm2. The practicability
Tony Gutierrez et al.
Applied microbiology and biotechnology, 104(3), 1063-1076 (2019-12-10)
During screening for novel emulsifiers and surfactants, a marine gammaproteobacterium, Halomonas sp. MCTG39a, was isolated and selected for its production of an extracellular emulsifying agent, P39a. This polymer was produced by the new isolate during growth in a modified Zobell's
Nan Li et al.
Biomaterials, 32(34), 8743-8752 (2011-08-26)
Biocalcification of collagen matrices with calcium phosphate and biosilicification of diatom frustules with amorphous silica are two discrete processes that have intrigued biologists and materials scientists for decades. Recent advancements in the understanding of the mechanisms involved in these two
M Larsen et al.
Journal of dairy science, 95(10), 5946-5960 (2012-08-28)
Nine periparturient Holstein cows catheterized in major splanchnic vessels were used in a complete randomized design with repeated measurements to investigate effects of glucogenic and ketogenic feeding strategies on splanchnic metabolism of glucose and amino acids. At parturition, cows were
David Henriques et al.
mSystems, 6(4), e0026021-e0026021 (2021-08-04)
Yeasts constitute over 1,500 species with great potential for biotechnology. Still, the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae dominates industrial applications, and many alternative physiological capabilities of lesser-known yeasts are not being fully exploited. While comparative genomics receives substantial attention, little is known
Navid J Ayon et al.
Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry, 30(3), 448-458 (2018-11-14)
D-Amino acids are important biological molecules. Improved analytical methods for their resolution and quantification remain of keen interest. In this study, we investigated the use of Marfey's reagent (chiral) derivatization coupled with LC-MS/MS-based separation and detection of the resulting diastereomers
Mustafa Yorgancilar et al.
Journal of food science and technology, 51(7), 1384-1389 (2014-06-27)
In this research, bitter and sweet Lupin (Lupinus albus L.) seeds were used in bulgur production. The proximate chemical compositions and the contents of phytic acid, mineral, amino acid and fatty acid of raw material and processed lupin seeds as
P S Yoder et al.
Journal of dairy science, 103(10), 8948-8966 (2020-08-31)
Understanding uptake of AA by mammary tissue as supply varies is critical for predicting milk component production. Our objective was to develop an in vitro method to quantify cellular uptake, efflux, and intracellular metabolism of individual AA that could be
Sonika Pandey et al.
PloS one, 10(12), e0144469-e0144469 (2015-12-08)
Cumin is an annual, aromatic, herbaceous, medicinal, spice plant, most widely used as a food additive and flavoring agent in different cuisines. The study is intended to comprehensively analyse physiological parameters, biochemical composition and metabolites under salinity stress. Seed germination
Tomáš Štětina et al.
Scientific reports, 8(1), 4414-4414 (2018-03-15)
Physiological adjustments accompanying insect cold acclimation prior to cold stress have been relatively well explored. In contrast, recovery from cold stress received much less attention. Here we report on recovery of drosophilid fly larvae (Chymomyza costata) from three different levels
Manish K Patel et al.
Frontiers in plant science, 7, 431-431 (2016-04-20)
Non-targeted metabolomics implies that psyllium (Plantago ovata) is a rich source of natural antioxidants, PUFAs (ω-3 and ω-6 fatty acids) and essential and sulfur-rich amino acids, as recommended by the FAO for human health. Psyllium contains phenolics and flavonoids that
Jan Rozsypal et al.
The Journal of experimental biology, 221(Pt 7) (2018-03-03)
Some insects rely on the strategy of freeze tolerance for winter survival. During freezing, extracellular body water transitions from the liquid to the solid phase and cells undergo freeze-induced dehydration. Here, we present results of a thermal analysis (from differential
Amadeo F Salvador et al.
Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 52(5), 1022-1030 (2019-11-09)
During a traditional set configuration of resistance exercise (TRD), characterized by a continuous completion of repetitions, a decrease in power output tends to occur throughout a set of repetitions. Inclusion of intraset rest, otherwise known as a cluster set configuration
Denis Rontein et al.
Plant & cell physiology, 44(11), 1185-1191 (2003-11-25)
Plants form ethanolamine (Etn) moieties by decarboxylating serine or phosphatidylserine (PtdSer), and use them to make phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine, choline, and glycine betaine. Serine decarboxylation is mediated by a serine decarboxylase (SDC) that is unique to plants and has a characteristic
M Larsen et al.
Journal of dairy science, 92(7), 3306-3318 (2009-06-17)
Six Holstein cows fitted with ruminal cannulas and permanent indwelling catheters in the portal vein, hepatic vein, mesenteric vein, and an artery were used to study the effects of abomasal glucose infusion on splanchnic AA metabolism. The experimental design was
Yonghai Lu et al.
Metabolites, 9(1) (2019-01-17)
We aimed to simultaneously examine the associations of both essential and non-essential amino acids with both prevalent and incident type 2 diabetes in a Chinese population. A case-control study was nested within the Singapore Chinese Health Study. Participants included 144
Daniel Remias et al.
Folia microbiologica, 65(6), 1017-1023 (2020-07-23)
In this study, a unicellular soil alga isolated from farmland in Germany was surveyed. The investigation of the hypervariable molecular markers ITS1 rDNA and ITS2 rDNA identified strain E71.10 as conspecific with Vischeria sp. SAG 51.91 (Eustigmatophyceae). The culture was
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