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Melanie Schoof et al.
Acta neuropathologica communications, 7(1), 199-199 (2019-12-07)
CREB (cyclic AMP response element binding protein) binding protein (CBP, CREBBP) is a ubiquitously expressed transcription coactivator with intrinsic histone acetyltransferase (KAT) activity. Germline mutations within the CBP gene are known to cause Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome (RSTS), a developmental disorder characterized
Christian B Brøchner et al.
Glia, 64(1), 90-104 (2015-08-22)
The glycosphingolipid SSEA-4 and the glycoprotein YKL-40 have both been associated with human embryonic and neural stem cell differentiation. We investigated the distribution of SSEA-4 and YKL-40 positive cells in proliferative zones of human fetal forebrain using immunohistochemistry and double-labeling
Nathalie Saurat et al.
Neural development, 8, 14-14 (2013-07-31)
During cerebral cortex development, multipotent neural progenitor cells generate a variety of neuronal subtypes in a fixed temporal order. How a single neural progenitor cell generates the diversity of cortical projection neurons in a temporal sequence is not well understood.
Dan Xu et al.
PLoS biology, 16(12), e2006613-e2006613 (2018-12-20)
Mutations of WD repeat domain 62 (WDR62) lead to autosomal recessive primary microcephaly (MCPH), and down-regulation of WDR62 expression causes the loss of neural progenitor cells (NPCs). However, how WDR62 is regulated and hence controls neurogenesis and brain size remains
Livia Goto-Silva et al.
BMC developmental biology, 19(1), 3-3 (2019-03-08)
Organoid cultivation in suspension culture requires agitation at low shear stress to allow for nutrient diffusion, which preserves tissue structure. Multiplex systems for organoid cultivation have been proposed, but whether they meet similar shear stress parameters as the regularly used
Brian G Rash et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 31(43), 15604-15617 (2011-10-28)
The processes regulating cortical surface area expansion during development and evolution are unknown. We show that loss of function of all fibroblast growth factor receptors (FgfRs) expressed at the earliest stages of cortical development causes severe deficits in surface area
Alexander E Stover et al.
Journal of neuroscience research, 91(10), 1247-1262 (2013-07-31)
Robust strategies for developing patient-specific, human, induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-based therapies of the brain require an ability to derive large numbers of highly defined neural cells. Recent progress in iPSC culture techniques includes partial-to-complete elimination of feeder layers, use
Teresa Guillamon-Vivancos et al.
Cerebral cortex (New York, N.Y. : 1991), 29(3), 1121-1138 (2018-02-08)
How the variety of neurons that organize into neocortical layers and functional areas arises is a central question in the study of cortical development. While both intrinsic and extrinsic cues are known to influence this process, whether distinct neuronal progenitor
Francesco Di Matteo et al.
EMBO molecular medicine, 12(6), e11419-e11419 (2020-05-08)
Progressive myoclonus epilepsy (PME) of Unverricht-Lundborg type (EPM1) is an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder with the highest incidence of PME worldwide. Mutations in the gene encoding cystatin B (CSTB) are the primary genetic cause of EPM1. Here, we investigate the
Nagendran Muthusamy et al.
Scientific reports, 8(1), 1766-1766 (2018-01-31)
The stem cell source of neural and glial progenitors in the periventricular regions of the adult forebrain has remained uncertain and controversial. Using a cell specific genetic approach we rule out Foxj1+ ependymal cells as stem cells participating in neurogenesis
Jeffrey J Moffat et al.
Scientific reports, 11(1), 3856-3856 (2021-02-18)
Genetic evidence indicates that haploinsufficiency of ARID1B causes intellectual disability (ID) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD), but the neural function of ARID1B is largely unknown. Using both conditional and global Arid1b knockout mouse strains, we examined the role of ARID1B
Adam C O'Neill et al.
Cell reports, 25(10), 2729-2741 (2018-12-06)
The mammalian neocortex has undergone remarkable changes through evolution. A consequence of such rapid evolutionary events could be a trade-off that has rendered the brain susceptible to certain neurodevelopmental and neuropsychiatric conditions. We analyzed the exomes of 65 patients with
Rafaela C Sartore et al.
PeerJ, 5, e2927-e2927 (2017-02-15)
Systematic studies of micronutrients during brain formation are hindered by restrictions to animal models and adult post-mortem tissues. Recently, advances in stem cell biology have enabled recapitulation of the early stages of human telencephalon development in vitro. In the present
Ka Kui Tong et al.
Molecular and cellular biology, 33(10), 1925-1937 (2013-03-06)
Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) signaling is critical for cerebellum development. However, the details of receptor regulated-Smad (R-Smad) and common partner Smad (Co-Smad, or Smad4) involvement are unclear. Here, we report that cerebellum-specific double conditional inactivation of Smad1 and Smad5 (Smad1/5)
Qingfa Chen et al.
PloS one, 10(5), e0126942-e0126942 (2015-05-16)
In mouse cerebral corticogenesis, neurons are generated from radial glial cells (RGCs) or from their immediate progeny, intermediate neuronal precursors (INPs). The balance between self-renewal of these neuronal precursors and specification of cell fate is critical for proper cortical development
Elena Taverna et al.
Scientific reports, 6, 21206-21206 (2016-02-18)
Apical radial glia (aRG), the stem cells in developing neocortex, are unique bipolar epithelial cells, extending an apical process to the ventricle and a basal process to the basal lamina. Here, we report novel features of the Golgi apparatus, a
Brett E Johnson et al.
Cell reports. Medicine, 3(2), 100525-100525 (2022-03-05)
Mechanisms of therapeutic resistance and vulnerability evolve in metastatic cancers as tumor cells and extrinsic microenvironmental influences change during treatment. To support the development of methods for identifying these mechanisms in individual people, here we present an omic and multidimensional
Navrita Mathiah et al.
EMBO reports, 21(11), e50944-e50944 (2020-10-06)
At gastrulation, a subpopulation of epiblast cells constitutes a transient posteriorly located structure called the primitive streak, where cells that undergo epithelial-mesenchymal transition make up the mesoderm and endoderm lineages. Mouse embryo epiblast cells were labelled ubiquitously or in a
A human stem cell model of early Alzheimer's disease pathology in Down syndrome.
Shi, Yichen, et al.
Science Translational Medicine, 4, 124ra29-124ra29 (2012)
Ming-Yi Lin et al.
Scientific reports, 7(1), 14883-14883 (2017-11-03)
Zika virus (ZIKV) infection is associated with microcephaly in fetuses, but the pathogenesis of ZIKV-related microcephaly is not well understood. Here we show that ZIKV infects the subventricular zone in human fetal brain tissues and that the tissue tropism broadens
Clinical Response of Live-Attenuated, Listeria monocytogenes Expressing Mesothelin (CRS-207) with Chemotherapy in Patients with Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma.
Hassan, et al.
Clinical Cancer Research, 25, 5787-5798 (2020)
Takayoshi Yamauchi et al.
Molecular and cellular biology, 37(8) (2017-01-11)
FBXL5 is the substrate recognition subunit of an SCF-type ubiquitin ligase that serves as a master regulator of iron metabolism in mammalian cells. We previously showed that mice with systemic deficiency of FBXL5 fail to sense intracellular iron levels and
Zhihui Huang et al.
Development (Cambridge, England), 143(13), 2398-2409 (2016-07-07)
‪YAP (yes-associated protein), a key transcriptional co-factor that is negatively regulated by the Hippo pathway, is crucial for the development and size control of multiple organs, including the liver. However, its role in the brain remains unclear. Here, we provide
Joanna Yeung et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 36(35), 9057-9069 (2016-09-02)
Pax6 is a prominent gene in brain development. The deletion of Pax6 results in devastated development of eye, olfactory bulb, and cortex. However, it has been reported that the Pax6-null Sey cerebellum only has minor defects involving granule cells despite
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Aurelie Carabalona et al.
Nature neuroscience, 19(2), 253-262 (2016-01-12)
Brain neural stem cells (radial glial progenitors, RGPs) undergo a mysterious form of cell cycle-entrained interkinetic nuclear migration (INM) that is driven apically by cytoplasmic dynein and basally by the kinesin KIF1A, which has recently been implicated in human brain
Bart C Jongbloets et al.
Nature communications, 8, 14666-14666 (2017-03-11)
The guidance protein Semaphorin7A (Sema7A) is required for the proper development of the immune and nervous systems. Despite strong expression in the mature brain, the role of Sema7A in the adult remains poorly defined. Here we show that Sema7A utilizes
Grace Banik et al.
Methods in enzymology, 635, 1-20 (2020-03-04)
Biomarker assessments of tumor specimens is widely used in cancer research to audit tumor cell intrinsic as well as tumor cell extrinsic features including the diversity of immune, stromal, and mesenchymal cells. To comprehensively and quantitatively audit the tumor-immune microenvironment
Robyn L Kosinsky et al.
Oncotarget, 6(35), 37906-37918 (2015-10-03)
Epigenetic regulatory mechanisms play a central role in controlling gene expression during development, cell differentiation and tumorigenesis. Monoubiquitination of histone H2B is one epigenetic modification which is dynamically regulated by the opposing activities of specific ubiquitin ligases and deubiquitinating enzymes
Samantha M Shelton et al.
eNeuro, 8(5) (2021-07-18)
Prenatal exposure to Zika virus (ZIKV) can result in microencephaly and congenital Zika syndrome, although some brain cells and structures are spared by the virus for unknown reasons. Here, a novel murine model of fetal ZIKV infection incorporating intraventricular infection
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