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Li-Juan Chen et al.
Plant cell reports, 34(7), 1225-1238 (2015-03-19)
There are significant differences between the DGIs and LGTs. Additionally, most of the characteristics indicate that the DGIs are more similar to recovered tissue and can resist viral attacks. Dark green islands (DGIs) surrounded by light green tissues (LGTs) are
Chengnan Zhang et al.
Acta biomaterialia, 22, 120-130 (2015-04-29)
The purpose of this study is to develop biodegradable cationic polyamides for non-viral gene delivery and elucidate their structural effects on gene transfection activity. To this end, a group of novel cationic polyamides were synthesized by polycondensation reaction between different
Hongyan Xu et al.
Marine biotechnology (New York, N.Y.), 17(6), 831-840 (2015-09-28)
Both dioxins/dioxin-like compounds and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are persistent organic pollutants and cause multiple adverse health effects on human and wildlife. Cyp1a is the most commonly used biomarker induced by these pollutants through activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor
Ryosuke Yamaguchi et al.
Rheumatology (Oxford, England), 53(12), 2191-2195 (2014-06-25)
The aim of this study was to compare the levels of bone and cartilage metabolism markers in the synovial fluid of the hip joint between patients with secondary OA due to osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH), rapidly destructive arthrosis
Mutasim M Khalafalla et al.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B, 12(4), 303-312 (2011-04-05)
This report describes in vitro micropropagation of Boscia senegalensis, so-called famine foods, that helped the people in Darfur and Kordofan, Sudan survive during the 1984-1985 famine. Four types of explants prepared from green mature zygotic embryos were cultured on Murashige
Ailsa J McKenzie et al.
PloS one, 10(7), e0131004-e0131004 (2015-07-15)
Our ecological knowledge base is extensive, but the motivations for research are many and varied, leading to unequal species representation and coverage. As this evidence is used to support a wide range of conservation, management and policy actions, it is
Nils Braun et al.
Plant physiology, 158(1), 225-238 (2011-11-03)
The function of PsBRC1, the pea (Pisum sativum) homolog of the maize (Zea mays) TEOSINTE BRANCHED1 and the Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) BRANCHED1 (AtBRC1) genes, was investigated. The pea Psbrc1 mutant displays an increased shoot-branching phenotype, is able to synthesize strigolactone
Yuru Tong et al.
International journal of molecular sciences, 16(10), 25516-25535 (2015-10-30)
1-Deoxy-d-xylulose-5-phosphate synthase (DXS) and 1-deoxy-d-xylulose-5-phosphate reductoisomerase (DXR) genes are the key enzyme genes of terpenoid biosynthesis but still unknown in Tripterygium wilfordii Hook. f. Here, three full-length cDNA encoding DXS1, DXS2 and DXR were cloned from suspension cells of T.
Bin Wang et al.
Environmental science & technology, 49(1), 588-596 (2014-12-10)
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are ubiquitous environmental pollutants, and have been reported to be a risk factor for human neural tube defects (NTDs). We investigated the relationship between PAH concentrations in maternal serum and NTD risk in offspring using a
Zdeněk Trávníček et al.
Journal of inorganic biochemistry, 105(7), 937-948 (2011-05-04)
A series of novel octahedral ruthenium(III) complexes involving 6-benzylaminopurine (L) derivatives as N-donor ligands has been prepared by the reaction of [(DMSO)(2)H][trans-RuCl(4)(DMSO)(2)] with the corresponding L derivative. The complexes 1-12 have the general compositions trans-[RuCl(4)(DMSO)(n-Cl-LH)]⋅xSol (1-3), trans-[RuCl(4)(DMSO)(n-Br-LH)]·xSol (4-6), trans-[RuCl(4)(DMSO)(n-OMe-LH)]·xSol (7-9)
Matthias Buntru et al.
Biotechnology and bioengineering, 112(5), 867-878 (2014-11-26)
Cell-free protein synthesis is a powerful method for the high-throughput production of recombinant proteins, especially proteins that are difficult to express in living cells. Here we describe a coupled cell-free transcription-translation system based on tobacco BY-2 cell lysates (BYLs). Using
Lucie Szücová et al.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry, 17(5), 1938-1947 (2009-02-24)
In an attempt to improve specific biological functions of cytokinins routinely used in plant micropropagation, 33 6-benzylamino-9-tetrahydropyran-2-ylpurine (THPP) and 9-tetrahydrofuran-2-ylpurine (THFP) derivatives, with variously positioned hydroxy and methoxy functional groups on the benzyl ring, were prepared. The new derivatives were
Vijayta Gupta et al.
Protoplasma, 252(4), 1061-1070 (2014-12-17)
Tagetes erecta, L. an asteraceous plant of industrial and medicinal value, contains important compounds like pyrethrins, thiophenes and lutein, possessing immense potential for insecticidal, nematicidal and nutraceutical activities. Considering the importance and demand for these natural compounds, genetic manipulation of
Anke Doyon et al.
PloS one, 10(2), e0113482-e0113482 (2015-02-07)
The extent and relevance of altered bone metabolism for statural growth in children with chronic kidney disease is controversial. We analyzed the impact of renal dysfunction and recombinant growth hormone therapy on a panel of serum markers of bone metabolism
Yu-Juei Hsu et al.
Journal of bone and mineral research : the official journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research, 30(1), 116-127 (2014-07-06)
Inactivation of the thiazide-sensitive sodium chloride cotransporter (NCC) due to genetic mutations in Gitelman's syndrome (GS) or pharmacological inhibition with thiazide diuretics causes hypocalciuria and increased bone mineral density (BMD) with unclear extrarenal calcium (Ca(2+) ) regulation. We investigated intestinal
Pamela S Hinton et al.
Bone, 79, 203-212 (2015-06-21)
To examine the effects of 12 mo of resistance training (RT, 2×/wk, N=19) or jump training (JUMP, 3×/wk, N=19) on bone mineral density (BMD) and bone turnover markers (BTM) in physically active (≥ 4h/wk) men (mean age: 44 ± 2
Jintao Cheng et al.
Plant physiology, 168(2), 635-647 (2015-04-19)
Efficient sugar transport is needed to support the high metabolic activity of pollen tubes as they grow through the pistil. Failure of transport results in male sterility. Although sucrose transporters have been shown to play a role in pollen tube
Karolina Michalska et al.
FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, 29(9), 4071-4079 (2015-06-13)
Marine sediments host a large population of diverse, heterotrophic, uncultured microorganisms with unknown physiologies that control carbon flow through organic matter decomposition. Recently, single-cell genomics uncovered new key players in these processes, such as the miscellaneous crenarchaeotal group. These widespread
Adeyemi O Aremu et al.
Planta, 236(6), 1775-1790 (2012-08-14)
The effect of supplementing either meta-topolin (mT) or N(6)-benzyladenine (BA) requiring cultures with roscovitine (6-benzylamino-2-[1(R)-(hydroxymethyl)propyl]amino-9-isopropylpurine), a cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) and N-glucosylation inhibitor, and INCYDE (2-chloro-6-(3-methoxyphenyl)aminopurine), an inhibitor of cytokinin (CK) degradation, on the endogenous CK profiles and physiology of banana
Hiroko Mori et al.
Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan), 54(13), 1599-1604 (2015-07-03)
The aim of this study was to assess the incidence of vitamin D deficiency in Japanese postmenopausal women with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D], intact-parathyroid hormone (PTH), and various bone markers were measured. The primary outcome was
Z-H Cheng et al.
Genetics and molecular research : GMR, 11(3), 2620-2628 (2012-08-08)
Garlic (Allium sativum) is propagated asexually. Since sexual cross breeding is almost impossible, means for effective breeding are not currently available and the available production cultivars are seriously aged and degenerated. A possible alternative for breeding is chemical induction. Trifluralin
Mitsuhiro Kimura et al.
PloS one, 10(7), e0131626-e0131626 (2015-07-16)
Agrobacterium-mediated transformation is a commonly used method for plant genetic engineering. However, the limitations of Agrobacterium host-plant interactions and the complexity of plant tissue culture often make the production of transgenic plants difficult. Transformation efficiency in many legume species, including
Markéta Žd'árská et al.
Plant physiology, 161(2), 918-930 (2012-12-05)
The plant hormones cytokinins (CKs) regulate multiple developmental and physiological processes in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana). Responses to CKs vary in different organs and tissues (e.g. the response to CKs has been shown to be opposite in shoot and root samples).
Alexandar Tzankov et al.
Journal of hematology & oncology, 8, 70-70 (2015-06-14)
The prognostic role of tumor-related parameters in diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is a matter of controversy. We investigated the prognostic value of phenotypic and genotypic profiles in DLBCL in clinical trial (NCT00544219) patients homogenously treated with six cycles
Anne Birgitte Heckmann et al.
Molecular plant-microbe interactions : MPMI, 24(11), 1385-1395 (2011-07-21)
Cytokinin plays a central role in the formation of nitrogen-fixing root nodules following inoculation with rhizobia. We show that exogenous cytokinin induces formation of discrete and easily visible nodule primordia in Lotus japonicus roots. The expression of nodulin genes was
Lancelot S McLean et al.
Chemical research in toxicology, 28(5), 855-871 (2015-03-18)
Breast tumors often show profound sensitivity to exogenous oxidative stress. Investigational agent 2-(4-amino-3-methylphenyl)-5-fluorobenzothiazole (5F 203) induces aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR)-mediated DNA damage in certain breast cancer cells. Since AhR agonists often elevate intracellular oxidative stress, we hypothesize that 5F 203
Romit Chakrabarty et al.
Phytochemistry, 113, 121-129 (2015-01-03)
Natural rubber, cis-1,4-polyisoprene, is an important raw material in chemical industries, but its biosynthetic mechanism remains elusive. Natural rubber is known to be synthesized in rubber particles suspended in laticifer cells in the Brazilian rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis). In the
Michael A Djordjevic et al.
Journal of experimental botany, 62(13), 4649-4659 (2011-06-03)
CLE (CLAVATA3/ESR-related) peptides are developmental regulators that are secreted into the apoplast. Little is known about the role of the sequences that flank CLE peptides in terms of their biological activity or how they are targeted by proteases that are
Masahiro Nozawa et al.
World journal of urology, 33(9), 1263-1268 (2014-10-31)
This study evaluated the baseline patient characteristics associated with the time to biochemical progression and overall survival in patients who participated in a phase II trial on zoledronic acid combined with the initial androgen-deprivation therapy for treatment-naïve bone-metastatic prostate cancer.
Lin Zhao et al.
Journal of experimental botany, 63(8), 3257-3270 (2012-03-06)
The soybean gene Glyma10g34760 appears to encode a RAV2-like transcription factor orthologue (DQ147914; hereafter GmRAV) based on sequence similarity. The gene is a member of the ERF/AP2 transcription factor family that has been shown to be increased in transcript abundance
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