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Yun Hu et al.
Acta biomaterialia, 28, 149-159 (2015-10-03)
Lipid-polymer hybrid nanoparticles (NPs), consisting of a polymeric core and a lipid shell, have been intensively examined as delivery systems for cancer drugs, imaging agents, and vaccines. For applications in vaccine particularly, the hybrid NPs need to be able to
Geneviève Chevrier et al.
The Journal of nutrition, 145(7), 1415-1422 (2015-05-23)
We previously reported that fish proteins can alleviate metabolic syndrome (MetS) in obese animals and human subjects. We tested whether a salmon peptide fraction (SPF) could improve MetS in mice and explored potential mechanisms of action. ApoB(100) only, LDL receptor
Yi-Wei Huang et al.
Journal of cellular physiology, 230(9), 2086-2097 (2015-02-03)
Ca(2+) -mediated formation of cell polarity is essential for directional migration which plays an important role in physiological and pathological processes in organisms. To examine the critical role of store-operated Ca(2+) entry, which is the major form of extracellular Ca(2+)
Chenchen Qin et al.
Nanoscale, 7(47), 20197-20210 (2015-11-18)
To optimize synergistic cancer therapy, we rationally assemble an inorganic-organic nanocomplex using a folate-modified lipid bilayer spread on photosensitizer-entrapped mesoporous silica nanoparticle (MSN) coated gold nanorods (AuNRs). In this hybrid bioconjugate, the large specific surface area and pore size of
Espen Rostrup et al.
European journal of preventive cardiology, 21(10), 1292-1299 (2013-03-22)
To better understand how prolonged electrical muscle stimulation can improve cardiorespiratory risk markers in obese subjects, we investigated the effect of prolonged combined thermal and electrical muscle stimulation (cTEMS) on peak oxygen consumption (VO2peak) and body composition with subsequent lipolytic
Alexander D Dergunov et al.
Archives of biochemistry and biophysics, 564, 211-218 (2014-12-03)
The transfer of cholesteryl ester by recombinant cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) between reconstituted discoidal high-density lipoprotein (rHDL) was studied. Particles contained apolipoprotein A-I, unsaturated POPC or saturated DPPC and cholesteryl ester as cholesteryl 1-pyrenedecanoate (CPD) or cholesteryl laurate (CL)
Elif Agacayak et al.
Drug design, development and therapy, 9, 2975-2982 (2015-06-20)
The aim of this study was to investigate whether estradiol (E2), E2 combined with progesterone (Prog) (E2/Prog), and genistein (Gen) treatment had antioxidative and anti-hyperlipidemic effects in the plasma of ovariectomized (OVX) rats. Adult female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into
Aurélie Goncalves et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 289(44), 30743-30752 (2014-09-18)
Vitamin K1 (phylloquinone) intestinal absorption is thought to be mediated by a carrier protein that still remains to be identified. Apical transport of vitamin K1 was examined using Caco-2 TC-7 cell monolayers as a model of human intestinal epithelium and
Muthukumaran Jayachandran et al.
Molecular and cellular biochemistry, 398(1-2), 39-53 (2014-09-15)
Hyperlipidemia is a major, modifiable risk factor for atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease. In the present study, we have focused on the effect of different doses of geraniol (GOH) on the lipid profile and lipid metabolizing enzymes in atherogenic diet (AD)
Weijiao Huang et al.
Nature, 524(7565), 315-321 (2015-08-08)
Activation of the μ-opioid receptor (μOR) is responsible for the efficacy of the most effective analgesics. To shed light on the structural basis for μOR activation, here we report a 2.1 Å X-ray crystal structure of the murine μOR bound
Yunpeng Fan et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 477(1-2), 421-430 (2014-12-03)
The purpose of this study was to prepare and optimize ophiopogon polysaccharide liposome (OPL), and to improve the immune-enhancing activity of ophiopogon polysaccharide (OP). OPL was prepared and optimized using the methods of reverse-phase evaporation and response surface methodology. The
Farah Chali et al.
The European journal of neuroscience, 41(10), 1345-1355 (2015-04-08)
Elevations in neuronal cholesterol have been associated with several degenerative diseases. An enhanced excitability and synchronous firing in surviving neurons are among the sequels of neuronal death in these diseases and also in some epileptic syndromes. Here, we attempted to
Stephanie E Woods et al.
American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology, 308(4), G335-G349 (2014-12-06)
"Black" pigment gallstones form in sterile gallbladder bile in the presence of excess bilirubin conjugates ("hyperbilirubinbilia") from ineffective erythropoiesis, hemolysis, or induced enterohepatic cycling (EHC) of unconjugated bilirubin. Impaired gallbladder motility is a less well-studied risk factor. We evaluated the
Shao-Qing Zhang et al.
Die Pharmazie, 69(12), 904-908 (2015-05-09)
This study aimed to investigate the protective effect of metformin on renal injury of C57BL/6J mice treated with a high fat diet. High-fat diet for 12 weeks was used to establish the mice model of metabolism syndrome and the intervention
Arpan Satsangi et al.
Biomaterials, 59, 88-101 (2015-05-10)
Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths among women. Paclitaxel (PTX), an important breast cancer medicine, exhibits reduced bioavailability and therapeutic index due to high hydrophobicity and indiscriminate cytotoxicity. PTX encapsulation in one-level active targeting overcomes such barriers
Marian E Gindy et al.
Molecular pharmaceutics, 11(11), 4143-4153 (2014-10-16)
Lipid nanoparticles (LNPs) represent the most clinically advanced technology for the systemic delivery of therapeutic siRNA in vivo. Toward this end, a novel class of LNPs comprising low molecular weight (MW) ionizable amino lipids having asymmetric architecture was recently reported.1
Gang Wang et al.
International journal of nanomedicine, 10, 5005-5023 (2015-09-09)
Flavonoids, the major polyphenol components in Cotinus coggygria (CC), have been found to show an anticancer effect in our previous study; however, the exact mechanisms of inducing human glioblastoma (GBM) cell death remain to be resolved. In this study, a
Mayuko Ichimura et al.
Hepatology research : the official journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology, 45(4), 458-469 (2014-05-16)
The development of fibrosis is considered an important phase in the progress of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) towards the end stage of liver disease, including cirrhosis. However, few small animal models can display NASH-associated fibrosis. We aimed to establish a dietary
Nima Saeidi et al.
Science (New York, N.Y.), 341(6144), 406-410 (2013-07-28)
The resolution of type 2 diabetes after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) attests to the important role of the gastrointestinal tract in glucose homeostasis. Previous studies in RYGB-treated rats have shown that the Roux limb displays hyperplasia and hypertrophy. Here, we
Kil-Nam Kim et al.
Environmental toxicology and pharmacology, 39(2), 962-968 (2015-03-31)
In the present study, 2,4,6-trihydroxybenzaldehyde (THB) was evaluated for inhibitory effects on adipocyte differentiation in 3T3-L1 cells and anti-obesity effects in mice with high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity. Lipid accumulation measurement indicated that THB markedly inhibited adipogenesis, and this involved down-regulation
Md Ashrafuzzaman
BioMed research international, 2014, 697923-697923 (2014-10-09)
Aptamers are short nucleic acid oligos. They may serve as both drugs and drug-carriers. Their use as diagnostic tools is also evident. They can be generated using various experimental, theoretical, and computational techniques. The systematic evolution of ligands by exponential
Ali Khader et al.
Tropical medicine & international health : TM & IH, 19(2), 219-223 (2013-12-18)
The aim of this study was to use E-Health to report on 12-month, 24-month and 36-month outcomes and late-stage complications of a cohort of Palestine refugees with diabetes mellitus (DM) registered in the second quarter of 2010 in a primary
On estrogen, cholesterol metabolism, and breast cancer.
Margaret Warner et al.
The New England journal of medicine, 370(6), 572-573 (2014-02-07)
Hanna Shevalye et al.
Journal of neurophysiology, 114(1), 199-208 (2015-05-01)
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of supplementing the diet of a mouse model of type 2 diabetes with menhaden (fish) oil or daily treatment with resolvin D1 on diabetic neuropathy. The end points evaluated included
Rgia A Othman et al.
Atherosclerosis, 231(2), 291-299 (2013-11-26)
Sitosterolemia (STSL) is a rare autosomal recessive disease, manifested by extremely elevated plant sterols (PS) in plasma and tissue, leading to xanthoma and premature atherosclerotic disease. Therapeutic approaches include limiting PS intake, interrupting enterohepatic circulation of bile acid using bile
Edina Lump et al.
eLife, 4 (2015-08-19)
Semen is the main vector for HIV transmission and contains amyloid fibrils that enhance viral infection. Available microbicides that target viral components have proven largely ineffective in preventing sexual virus transmission. In this study, we establish that CLR01, a 'molecular
M Elizabeth Wilcox et al.
JAMA, 311(23), 2422-2431 (2014-06-19)
Thoracentesis is performed to identify the cause of a pleural effusion. Although generally safe, thoracentesis may be complicated by transient hypoxemia, bleeding, patient discomfort, reexpansion pulmonary edema, and pneumothorax. To identify the best means for differentiating between transudative and exudative
Tenna Jørgensen et al.
Journal of cerebral blood flow and metabolism : official journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, 35(6), 943-950 (2015-03-12)
It is well known that few weeks of high fat (HF) diet may induce metabolic disturbances and mitochondrial dysfunction in skeletal muscle. However, little is known about the effects of long-term HF exposure and effects on brain mitochondria are unknown.
Eung Ju Kim et al.
PloS one, 9(6), e97841-e97841 (2014-06-06)
Although triglyceride accumulation in the liver causes non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), hypercholesterolemia is also a main cause of NAFLD as well as atherosclerosis. However, NAFLD and atherosclerosis have not been investigated simultaneously in animal models fed a high-cholesterol diet.
S Maynard et al.
Acta physiologica (Oxford, England), 213(1), 156-170 (2014-04-08)
To examine associations of DNA damage, cardiovascular risk factors and physical performance with vitality, in middle-aged men. We also sought to elucidate underlying factors of physical performance by comparing physical performance parameters to DNA damage parameters and cardiovascular risk factors.
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