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Mitsutoshi Senoh et al.
MicrobiologyOpen, 4(4), 589-596 (2015-05-15)
In our previous work, we demonstrated that viable but nonculturable (VBNC) Vibrio cholerae O1 and O139 were converted to culturable by coculture with eukaryotic cells. Furthermore, we isolated a factor converting VBNC V. cholerae to culturable (FCVC) from a eukaryotic
B M Essa et al.
European journal of pharmaceutical sciences : official journal of the European Federation for Pharmaceutical Sciences, 76, 102-109 (2015-05-10)
Lactoperoxidase (LPO) inhibitors are very selective for solid tumor due to their high binding affinity to the LPO enzyme. A computational study was used to select top-ranked LPO inhibitor (alone and in complex with (99m)Tc) with high in silico affinity.
Xi-Ping Huang et al.
Nature, 527(7579), 477-483 (2015-11-10)
At least 120 non-olfactory G-protein-coupled receptors in the human genome are 'orphans' for which endogenous ligands are unknown, and many have no selective ligands, hindering the determination of their biological functions and clinical relevance. Among these is GPR68, a proton
Yuchen Long et al.
The Plant cell, 27(4), 1185-1199 (2015-04-02)
Plant cells cannot rearrange their positions; therefore, sharp tissue boundaries must be accurately programmed. Movement of the cell fate regulator SHORT-ROOT from the stele to the ground tissue has been associated with transferring positional information across tissue boundaries. The zinc
Marieke Dubois et al.
Plant physiology, 169(1), 166-179 (2015-05-23)
Leaf growth is a tightly regulated and complex process, which responds in a dynamic manner to changing environmental conditions, but the mechanisms that reduce growth under adverse conditions are rather poorly understood. We previously identified a growth inhibitory pathway regulating
Riddhi Atul Jani et al.
Journal of cell science, 128(17), 3263-3276 (2015-07-26)
Melanosomes are a class of lysosome-related organelles produced by melanocytes. Biogenesis of melanosomes requires the transport of melanin-synthesizing enzymes from tubular recycling endosomes to maturing melanosomes. The SNARE proteins involved in these transport or fusion steps have been poorly studied.
Benjamin Rothé et al.
Nucleic acids research, 42(16), 10731-10747 (2014-08-30)
Biogenesis of eukaryotic box C/D small nucleolar ribonucleoprotein particles (C/D snoRNPs) involves conserved trans-acting factors, which are proposed to facilitate the assembly of the core proteins Snu13p/15.5K, Nop58p/NOP58, Nop56p/NOP56 and Nop1p/Fibrillarin on box C/D small nucleolar RNAs (C/D snoRNAs). In
Reza Almasi et al.
Virus research, 208, 199-206 (2015-06-28)
Viral pathogenicity has often been correlated to the expression of the viral encoded-RNA silencing suppressor protein (SSP). The silencing suppressor activity of the P0 protein encoded by cereal yellow dwarf virus-RPV (CYDV-RPV) and -RPS (CYDV-RPS), two poleroviruses differing in their
Matej Zábrady et al.
PloS one, 9(10), e109875-e109875 (2014-10-10)
With the growing availability of genomic sequence information, there is an increasing need for gene function analysis. Antibody-mediated "silencing" represents an intriguing alternative for the precise inhibition of a particular function of biomolecules. Here, we describe a method for selecting
Young-Ok Son et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 289(41), 28660-28675 (2014-08-27)
The cadmium-transformed human lung bronchial epithelial BEAS-2B cells exhibit a property of apoptosis resistance as compared with normal non-transformed BEAS-2B cells. The level of basal reactive oxygen species (ROS) is extremely low in transformed cells in correlation with elevated expressions
Girdhar K Pandey et al.
Plant physiology, 169(1), 780-792 (2015-07-23)
The role of calcium-mediated signaling has been extensively studied in plant responses to abiotic stress signals. Calcineurin B-like proteins (CBLs) and CBL-interacting protein kinases (CIPKs) constitute a complex signaling network acting in diverse plant stress responses. Osmotic stress imposed by
Toni R Bartling et al.
Free radical biology & medicine, 74, 99-107 (2014-06-29)
Aberrant matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) expression contributes to the pathogenesis of many degenerative disease processes that are associated with increased oxidative damage or stress. We and others have established that shifts in steady-state H2O2 production resulting from enforced antioxidant gene expression
Stefanie J Pottgiesser et al.
Anticancer research, 35(11), 5927-5943 (2015-10-28)
Intercellular apoptosis-inducing HOCl signaling is discussed as a control step during oncogenesis. It is defined as a sophisticated interplay between transformed target cells and non-transformed or transformed effector cells. In this study, transformed target cells were seeded as clumps of
Natália Corniani et al.
PloS one, 9(7), e103704-e103704 (2014-08-01)
The 2-C-methyl-D-erythritol 4-phosphate (MEP) pathway leads to the synthesis of isopentenyl diphosphate in plastids. It is a major branch point providing precursors for the synthesis of carotenoids, tocopherols, plastoquinone and the phytyl chain of chlorophylls, as well as the hormones
Guangheng Wu et al.
The Plant cell, 27(3), 857-873 (2015-03-10)
Obligate biotrophs, such as the powdery mildew pathogens, deliver effectors to the host cell and obtain nutrients from the infection site. The interface between the plant host and the biotrophic pathogen thus represents a major battleground for plant-pathogen interactions. Increasing
Soumitra Sau et al.
PloS one, 9(7), e101294-e101294 (2014-07-09)
In the budding yeast, centromeres stay clustered near the spindle pole bodies (SPBs) through most of the cell cycle. This SPB-centromere proximity requires microtubules and functional kinetochores, which are protein complexes formed on the centromeres and capable of binding microtubules.
Pablo Albertos et al.
Nature communications, 6, 8669-8669 (2015-10-27)
Plant survival depends on seed germination and progression through post-germinative developmental checkpoints. These processes are controlled by the stress phytohormone abscisic acid (ABA). ABA regulates the basic leucine zipper transcriptional factor ABI5, a central hub of growth repression, while the
Dandan Mao et al.
Plant, cell & environment, 38(12), 2566-2574 (2015-05-20)
Environmental inputs such as stress can modulate plant cell metabolism, but the detailed mechanism remains unclear. We report here that FERONIA (FER), a plasma membrane receptor-like kinase, may negatively regulate the S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) synthesis by interacting with two S-adenosylmethionine synthases
Jun Xiao et al.
Viruses, 7(6), 2816-2833 (2015-06-09)
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is a major risk factor in transplantation and AIDS patients, which induces high morbidity and mortality. These patients infected with HCMV experience an imbalance of redox homeostasis that cause accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) at the
Rongfang Liu et al.
Biochemical pharmacology, 95(4), 290-300 (2015-04-22)
The adenosine receptor subfamily includes four subtypes: the A1, A2A, A2B and A3 receptors, which all belong to the superfamily of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). The adenosine A2B receptor is the least investigated of the adenosine receptors, and the molecular
Katrin Scheit et al.
Carcinogenesis, 36(3), 400-411 (2015-02-06)
Salicylic acid and anthocyanidins are known as plant-derived antioxidants, but also can provoke paradoxically seeming prooxidant effects in vitro. These prooxidant effects are connected to the potential of salicylic acid and anthocyanidins to induce apoptosis selectively in tumor cells in
Sonja Heinzelmann et al.
Anticancer research, 35(11), 5955-5971 (2015-10-28)
Intercellular apoptosis-inducing HOCl signaling is known as an interplay between superoxide anions/H₂O₂ of transformed target cells and dual oxidase 1 (DUOX1)-related peroxidase that is released from neighboring non-transformed or transformed effector cells. Effector cells are dispensable when the release of
Leila Tajedin et al.
Protoplasma, 252(6), 1487-1504 (2015-02-25)
XPD helicase, a TFIIH subunit, is essential for several processes including transcription, NER, cell cycle regulation, and apoptosis in eukaryotes. Another component of TFIIH, namely p44, is among the well-known interacting partners of XPD and is vital in regulating the
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