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D4540

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Nadia Casini et al.
Oncotarget, 6(14), 12421-12435 (2015-03-13)
Recent data suggest that SRC family kinases (SFKs) could represent potential therapeutic targets for rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS), the most common soft-tissue sarcoma in children. Here, we assessed the effect of a recently developed selective SFK inhibitor (a pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidine derivative, called SI221)
Winnie W Y Tong et al.
The Journal of infectious diseases, 211(3), 405-415 (2014-08-21)
Most anal cancers are attributable to persistent human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV-16) infection. The anal cancer precursor, high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL), frequently regresses spontaneously. We hypothesized that T-cell responses are associated with HSIL regression. In men who have sex
Julia F Reverey et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 11690-11690 (2015-07-01)
Acanthamoebae are free-living protists and human pathogens, whose cellular functions and pathogenicity strongly depend on the transport of intracellular vesicles and granules through the cytosol. Using high-speed live cell imaging in combination with single-particle tracking analysis, we show here that
Milu T Cherian et al.
Molecular pharmacology, 87(5), 878-889 (2015-03-13)
Constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) and pregnane X receptor (PXR) are xenobiotic sensors that enhance the detoxification and elimination of xenobiotics and endobiotics by modulating the expression of genes encoding drug-metabolizing enzymes and transporters. Elevated levels of drug-metabolizing enzymes and efflux
Abeer ElKhoely et al.
Journal of natural medicines, 69(3), 313-323 (2015-03-23)
Liver cancer is the fifth commonest malignancy worldwide and the third leading cause of death. Identifying novel curative and preventive therapy may improve its prognosis. In this study, thymoquinone (TQ), the most active biological ingredient of Nigella sativa Linn, was
Xi Zhan et al.
Pharmaceutical research, 32(7), 2280-2291 (2015-01-17)
A key step of delivering extracellular agents to its intracellular target is to escape from endosomal/lysosomal compartments, while minimizing the release of digestive enzymes that may compromise cellular functions. In this study, we examined the intracellular distribution of both fluorecent
Can Lu et al.
Acta pharmacologica Sinica, 35(7), 929-936 (2014-06-10)
Receptor-interacting protein 3 (RIP3) is involved in tumor necrosis factor receptor signaling, and results in NF-κB-mediated prosurvival signaling and programmed cell death. The aim of this study was to determine whether overexpression of the RIP3 gene could sensitize human breast
Nina Ilić et al.
Vojnosanitetski pregled, 71(7), 651-659 (2014-08-12)
Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) have been utilised in many clinical trials as an experimental treatment in numerous clinical settings. Bone marrow remains the traditional source tissue for MSCs but is relatively hard to access in large volumes. Alternatively, MSCs may
Ekem T Efuet et al.
International journal of oncology, 47(2), 592-600 (2015-06-13)
Huachansu (HCS), a hot water extract of the skin glands of Bufo gargarizans (B. melanostictus), has been used extensively in the treatment of various solid tumors in Asia, particularly in China. However, its effect on the growth of malignancies of
Stefan Vallo et al.
Translational oncology, 8(3), 210-216 (2015-06-10)
Combination chemotherapy with gemcitabine and cisplatin in patients with metastatic urothelial cancer of the bladder frequently results in the development of acquired drug resistance. Availability of cell culture models with acquired resistance could help to identify candidate treatments for an
Lei Wang et al.
Drug development and industrial pharmacy, 41(7), 1204-1212 (2014-07-11)
With the aim to develop a lipid nanoparticle for biochanin A (BCA) by emulsion-evaporation and low temperature-solidification technique. The results revealed that BCA-PEG-NLC not only have small mean particle (148.5 ± 2.88 nm) with narrow polydispersity index (PI) (0.153 ± 0.01), encapsulation capacity (99.62 ± 0.06%), payload
Carla Roberts-Toler et al.
Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.), 23(9), 1765-1770 (2015-08-06)
Diet-induced obesity (DIO) causes several pathophysiological changes in adipose tissue. Increased inflammation reduces white adipose tissue (WAT) insulin sensitivity and contributes to the development of diabetes. However, little is known about how DIO alters the function of brown adipose tissue
Matthew Di Rago et al.
Forensic science international, 243, 35-43 (2014-05-06)
The aim of this study was to develop an LC-MS/MS based screening technique that covers a broad range of acidic and neutral drugs and poisons by combining a small sample volume and efficient extraction technique with simple automated data processing.
Sohrab Z Khan et al.
Retrovirology, 12, 42-42 (2015-05-20)
Despite much work, safe and effective approaches to attack and deplete the long-lived reservoir of cells latently infected with HIV-1 remain an elusive goal. Patients infected with HIV-1 treated with cytotoxic agents or bone marrow transplantation can experience decreases in
Noriko Shiomi-Sugaya et al.
The Journal of reproduction and development, 61(3), 161-168 (2015-03-06)
Ovaries contain follicles at various stages of development, including primordial, primary, secondary, antral and Graafian follicles. Although the growth of these follicles is controlled to maintain regular ovulation, the mechanism through which this occurs remains unclear. In our study, we
Odile Mondesert et al.
PloS one, 10(7), e0134411-e0134411 (2015-08-01)
Monitoring the DNA-Damage Response (DDR) activated pathway in multicellular tumor spheroid models is an important challenge as these 3D models have demonstrated their major relevance in pharmacological evaluation. Herein we present DDR-Act-FP, a fluorescent biosensor that allows detection of DDR
Joaquin Zacarías-Cabeza et al.
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 194(7), 3432-3443 (2015-03-04)
V(D)J recombination assembles Ag receptor genes during lymphocyte development. Enhancers at AR loci are known to control V(D)J recombination at associated alleles, in part by increasing chromatin accessibility of the locus, to allow the recombination machinery to gain access to
Omodele Ashiru et al.
Virology, 462-463, 135-148 (2014-06-28)
Nitazoxanide (NTZ) inhibits influenza, Japanese encephalitis, hepatitis B and hepatitis C virus replication but effects on the replication of other members of the Flaviviridae family has yet to be defined. The pestivirus bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) is a surrogate
Lu Zhang et al.
ACS nano, 9(10), 9912-9921 (2015-10-09)
The functionalized lipid shell of hybrid nanoparticles plays an important role for improving their biocompatibility and in vivo stability. Yet few efforts have been made to critically examine the shell structure of nanoparticles and its effect on cell-particle interaction. Here
Filipe M de Melo et al.
Immunology and cell biology, 93(1), 86-98 (2014-09-17)
Current therapies against malignant melanoma generally fail to increase survival in most patients, and immunotherapy is a promising approach as it could reduce the dosage of toxic therapeutic drugs. In the present study, we show that an immunotherapeutic approach based
Yi-Chun Liao et al.
Archives of toxicology, 89(11), 1971-1979 (2014-09-10)
Inorganic arsenite (iAs) is a human carcinogen. Numerous studies have shown that mutation-activated H-Ras is frequently observed in human urothelial carcinomas. The interaction between iAs, an environmental factor, and H-Ras, an oncogene, is not clear. In this study, we explored
S-H Shin et al.
Cell death & disease, 5, e1490-e1490 (2014-10-24)
Methionine sulfoxide reductase A (MSRA) protects proteins from oxidation, and also helps remove reactive oxygen species (ROS) by recovering antioxidant enzymes inactivated by oxidation. Although its functions have been investigated extensively, little is known about the mechanism by which MSRA
Subburayan Karthikeyan et al.
Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine & pharmacotherapie, 70, 274-282 (2015-03-18)
Previously, we reported that the prepared resveratrol (RSV) loaded gelatin nanoparticles (GNPs) possessed enhanced anticancer effect than free RSV in non-small cell lung carcinoma cells and Swiss albino mice. The present study aims to explore the relevant mechanism of cell
Yi-Fei Chen et al.
International journal of molecular medicine, 34(6), 1591-1598 (2014-10-17)
The difficulties faced in the effective treatment of ovarian cancer are multifactorial, but are mainly associated with relapse and drug resistance. Cancer stem-like cells have been reported to be an important contributor to these hindering factors. In this study, we
Guang-Feng Ming et al.
International journal of molecular medicine, 36(3), 890-896 (2015-07-17)
Pre-B cell colony-enhancing factor (PBEF) has been shown to have a variety of biological functions. Studies have proven that PBEF plays a functional role in acute lung injury (ALI). Therefore, in this study, we aimed to confirm the importance of
Seico Benner et al.
BMC research notes, 8, 252-252 (2015-06-21)
The heterogeneity of the brain requires appropriate molecular biological approaches to account for its morphological complexity. Laser-assisted microdissection followed by transcript profiling by quantitative determination has been reported to be an optimal methodology. Nevertheless, not all brain regions can be
Bikramjit Ghosh et al.
Marine biotechnology (New York, N.Y.), 17(6), 841-853 (2015-09-28)
This study examined the feasibility of alginate microcapsules manufactured using a low-impact technology and reagents to protect orally delivered immunogens for use as immunoprophylactics for fish. Physical characteristics and protein release kinetics of the microcapsules were examined at different pH
Jie Yang et al.
Cancer biology & therapy, 16(8), 1194-1204 (2015-06-10)
Evidences suggest that tumor microenvironment may play an important role in cancer drug resistance. Sphingosine kinase 2 (SphK2) is proposed to be the key regulator of sphingolipid signaling. This study is aimed to investigate whether the combination of molecular targeting
Tristan P C van Doormaal et al.
The Journal of surgical research, 192(1), 200-205 (2014-06-04)
We aim to find a storage protocol for vessels that preserves their dimensional, histologic, and mechanical characteristics to facilitate reproducible anastomosis experiments and microsurgical training with constant quality. We compared stored rabbit aortas, harvested in a slaughterhouse, using five different
Ian L Gunsolus et al.
The Analyst, 139(12), 3174-3178 (2014-05-13)
A method to fluorescently stain the surfaces of both Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacterial cells compatible with super-resolution fluorescence microscopy is presented. This method utilizes a commercially-available fluorescent probe to label primary amines at the surface of the cell. We demonstrate
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