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Alexandra Bunda et al.
FEBS open bio, 9(9), 1603-1616 (2019-07-18)
Presynaptic CaV 2.2 (N-type) channels are fundamental for transmitter release across the nervous system. The gene encoding CaV 2.2 channels, Cacna1b, contains alternatively spliced exons that result in functionally distinct splice variants (e18a, e24a, e31a, and 37a/37b). Alternative splicing of
Marine Jacquet et al.
Biology, 10(10) (2021-10-24)
The pathway of selective autophagy, leading to a targeted elimination of specific intracellular components, is mediated by the ATG8 proteins, and has been previously suggested to be involved in the regulation of the Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) during cancer's etiology. However
Supansa Pantoom et al.
Cells, 10(11) (2021-11-28)
Macroautophagy/autophagy plays an important role in cellular copper clearance. The means by which the copper metabolism and autophagy pathways interact mechanistically is vastly unexplored. Dysfunctional ATP7B, a copper-transporting ATPase, is involved in the development of monogenic Wilson disease, a disorder
Laura Poillet-Perez et al.
Oncotarget, 8(34), 55998-56020 (2017-09-17)
The GABARAPL1 protein belongs to the ATG8 family whose members are involved in autophagy. Our laboratory previously demonstrated that GABARAPL1 associates with autophagic vesicles, regulates autophagic flux and acts as a tumor suppressor protein in breast cancer. In this study
Aditi Kulkarni et al.
Autophagy, 16(9), 1651-1667 (2019-12-27)
Macroautophagy/autophagy is a key homeostatic process that targets cytoplasmic components to the lysosome for breakdown and recycling. Autophagy plays critical roles in glia and neurons that affect development, functionality, and viability of the nervous system. The mechanisms that regulate autophagy
Joon Hee Kang et al.
Biomolecules & therapeutics, 27(1), 34-40 (2018-09-21)
Transglutaminase 2 (TGase 2) plays a key role in p53 regulation, depleting p53 tumor suppressor through autophagy in renal cell carcinoma. We found that microtubule-associated protein 1A/1B-light chain 3 (LC3), a hallmark of autophagy, were tightly associated with the level
Jagadeesan Arunkumar et al.
Microbial pathogenesis, 118, 301-309 (2018-04-01)
Herpes simplex virus - 2 (HSV-2) causes lifelong persisting infection in the immunocompromised host and intermittent in healthy individuals with high morbidity in neonatals and also increase the transmission of HIV. Acyclovir is widely used drug to treat HSV-2 infection
Ajit G Thomas et al.
PloS one, 10(8), e0127785-e0127785 (2015-08-08)
The cystine-glutamate antiporter (system xc-) is a Na+-independent amino acid transporter that exchanges extracellular cystine for intracellular glutamate. It is thought to play a critical role in cellular redox processes through regulation of intracellular glutathione synthesis via cystine uptake. In
Sumiko Ikari et al.
PloS one, 15(3), e0230156-e0230156 (2020-03-07)
Kampo, a system of traditional Japanese therapy utilizing mixtures of herbal medicine, is widely accepted in the Japanese medical system. Kampo originated from traditional Chinese medicine, and was gradually adopted into a Japanese style. Although its effects on a variety
Morgan Wong et al.
American journal of physiology. Cell physiology, 316(5), C753-C765 (2019-03-21)
A defective tight junction (TJ) barrier is a key pathogenic factor for inflammatory bowel disease. Previously, we have shown that autophagy, a cell survival mechanism, enhances intestinal epithelial TJ barrier function. Autophagy-related protein-6 (ATG6/beclin 1), a key protein in the
Yuexi Gu et al.
The EMBO journal, 38(22), e101994-e101994 (2019-10-19)
Mammalian homologs of yeast Atg8 protein (mAtg8s) are important in autophagy, but their exact mode of action remains ill-defined. Syntaxin 17 (Stx17), a SNARE with major roles in autophagy, was recently shown to bind mAtg8s. Here, we identified LC3-interacting regions
Stanislas Morand et al.
FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, 23(4), 1205-1218 (2008-12-17)
Dual oxidases (Duox1 and Duox2) are plasma membrane-targeted hydrogen peroxide generators that support extracellular hemoperoxidases. Duox activator 2 (Duoxa2), initially described as an endoplasmic reticulum resident protein, functions as a maturation factor needed to deliver active Duox2 to the cell
William E Brownell et al.
Pflugers Archiv : European journal of physiology, 461(6), 677-686 (2011-03-05)
Changing the concentration of cholesterol in the plasma membrane of isolated outer hair cells modulates electromotility and prestin-associated charge movement, suggesting that a similar manipulation would alter cochlear mechanics. We examined cochlear function before and after depletion of membrane cholesterol
Pär Steneberg et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 290(31), 19034-19043 (2015-06-19)
Hepatosteatosis is associated with the development of both hepatic insulin resistance and Type 2 diabetes. Hepatic expression of Cd36, a fatty acid transporter, is enhanced in obese and diabetic murine models and human nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, and thus it
Léon-Charles Tranchevent et al.
Genome research, 27(6), 1087-1097 (2017-04-20)
Transcriptomic genome-wide analyses demonstrate massive variation of alternative splicing in many physiological and pathological situations. One major challenge is now to establish the biological contribution of alternative splicing variation in physiological- or pathological-associated cellular phenotypes. Toward this end, we developed
Yan Min et al.
Acta biochimica et biophysica Sinica, 45(3), 162-169 (2013-01-11)
Autophagy has been shown to enhance the efficacy of the Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine by increasing the peptide presentation of dendritic cells (DCs). Earle's balanced salts solution (EBSS) is a saline solution with physiological pH which is often used to
Takatoshi Kasai et al.
Cell reports, 30(1), 18-24 (2020-01-09)
The pituitary is a major hormone center that secretes systemic hormones responding to hypothalamus-derived-releasing hormones. Previously, we reported the independent pituitary induction and hypothalamic differentiation of human embryonic stem cells (ESCs). Here, a functional hypothalamic-pituitary unit is generated using human
Natthakan Thongon et al.
Cancer & metabolism, 6, 1-1 (2018-03-16)
Inhibitors of nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT), the rate-limiting enzyme in NAD+ biosynthesis from nicotinamide, exhibit anticancer effects in preclinical models. However, continuous exposure to NAMPT inhibitors, such as FK866, can induce acquired resistance. We developed FK866-resistant CCRF-CEM (T cell acute lymphoblastic
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