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Xiaojun Liu et al.
Oncology reports, 33(1), 157-162 (2014-11-15)
Lactate dehydrogenase A (LDH-A), which regulates glycolytic flux by catalyzing pyruvate to lactate in the cytoplasm, is believed to be one of the highly attractive therapeutic targets for cancers. Firstly, we detected the expression of LDH-A in gastric cancer (GC)
Lisa Solieri et al.
Food microbiology, 51, 108-116 (2015-07-19)
This study aimed at evaluating non-starter lactobacilli (NSLAB) isolated from cheeses for their proteolytic activity and capability to produce fermented milk enriched in angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)-inhibitory and antioxidant peptides. Preliminarily, 34 NSLAB from Parmigiano Reggiano (PR) and 5 from Pecorino
Deepika Gaur et al.
Genetics, 215(3), 683-698 (2020-04-18)
Heat-shock protein (Hsp) 90 assists in the folding of diverse sets of client proteins including kinases and growth hormone receptors. Hsp70 plays a major role in many Hsp90 functions by interacting and modulating conformation of its substrates before being transferred
Jennifer L Hoeflinger et al.
PloS one, 10(8), e0135494-e0135494 (2015-08-15)
Recently, prebiotic supplementation of infant formula has become common practice; however the impact on the intestinal microbiota has not been completely elucidated. In this study, neonatal piglets were randomized to: formula (FORM, n = 8), formula supplemented with 2 g/L
Javier Sánchez-Martín et al.
Plant, cell & environment, 38(7), 1434-1452 (2014-12-24)
Although a wealth of information is available on the induction of one or several drought-related responses in different species, little is known of how their timing, modulation and crucially integration influence drought tolerance. Based upon metabolomic changes in oat (Avena
Mark S Lowenthal et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 407(18), 5453-5462 (2015-05-01)
Chromatographic separation of monosaccharides hydrolyzed from glycoconjugates or complex, aggregate biomaterials, can be achieved by classic analytical methods without a need for derivatizing the monosaccharide subunits. A simple and sensitive method is presented for characterizing underivatized monosaccharides following hydrolysis from
Hong Zhang et al.
Steroids, 89, 1-10 (2014-07-22)
Six new spirostane glycosides (1-6), named polygodosides A-F, one new furostanol glycoside, polygodoside G (7), one new cholestane glycoside, polygodoside H (8), and one new steroidal sapogenin, polygodosin A (9), together with thirteen known compounds (10-22) were isolated from a
Yanmei Zou et al.
Tumour biology : the journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine, 36(7), 5179-5186 (2015-02-06)
In the present study, we investigated the effects and action mechanisms of a purified polysaccharide (APWP) from Andrographis paniculata, on human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) HepG2 cells. The results showed that APWP was able to suppress the proliferation of HepG2 cells
Broder Rühmann et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1350, 44-50 (2014-05-28)
A fast carbohydrate screening platform processible in 96-well format is described. The method is suitable for the determination of various carbohydrates out of complex mixtures as obtained by acidic hydrolysis of carbohydrates polymers. The chromatographic conditions for an efficient separation
Mostafizur Mazumder et al.
Nucleic acids research, 42(14), 9514-9522 (2014-07-25)
Modularity in controlling gene expression artificially is becoming an essential aspect of synthetic biology. Artificial transcriptional control of gene expression is one of the most well-developed methods for the design of novel synthetic regulatory networks. Such networks are intended to
Yingxin Zou et al.
International journal of molecular medicine, 36(4), 939-946 (2015-08-05)
This study investigated the effect of Cordyceps sinensis oral liquid (CSOL) on the lifespan of Drosophila melanogaster (fruit fly). Following the lifelong treatment of fruit flies with CSOL, lifespan was examined. The activity of copper-zinc-containing superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1), manganese-containing superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2)
Jun Zhou et al.
Journal of ethnopharmacology, 164, 229-238 (2015-02-24)
Rehmannia glutinosa (Gaertn.) DC. (RG) has been widely used as traditional Chinese herbal medicine for treatment of diabetes and its complications. The polysaccharide fraction of RG has been proposed to possess hypoglycemic effect by intraperitoneal administration, however, the mechanisms responsible
Elena Enzo et al.
The EMBO journal, 34(10), 1349-1370 (2015-03-23)
Increased glucose metabolism and reprogramming toward aerobic glycolysis are a hallmark of cancer cells, meeting their metabolic needs for sustained cell proliferation. Metabolic reprogramming is usually considered as a downstream consequence of tumor development and oncogene activation; growing evidence indicates
Fuqing Xu et al.
Bioresource technology, 200, 753-760 (2015-11-18)
To select a proper inoculum for the solid state anaerobic digestion (SS-AD) of yard trimmings, digestate from solid anaerobic digesters and dewatered effluent from liquid anaerobic digesters were compared at substrate-to-inoculum (S/I) ratios from 0.2 to 2 (dry basis), and
Patricia Bonin et al.
Environmental science and pollution research international, 22(20), 15347-15359 (2015-01-07)
The impact of petroleum contamination and of burrowing macrofauna on abundances of Marinobacter and denitrifiers was tested in marine sediment mesocoms after 3 months incubation. Quantification of this genus by qPCR with a new primer set showed that the main
Inn Shi Tan et al.
Bioresource technology, 199, 336-346 (2015-08-19)
The aim of this work was to evaluate the efficacy of red macroalgae Eucheuma cottonii (EC) as feedstock for third-generation bioethanol production. Dowex (TM) Dr-G8 was explored as a potential solid catalyst to hydrolyzed carbohydrates from EC or macroalgae extract
Valeria Kalienkova et al.
eLife, 8 (2019-02-21)
Scramblases catalyze the movement of lipids between both leaflets of a bilayer. Whereas the X-ray structure of the protein nhTMEM16 has previously revealed the architecture of a Ca2+-dependent lipid scramblase, its regulation mechanism has remained elusive. Here, we have used
Siniša Sić et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1408, 93-100 (2015-07-18)
Investigation of oligosaccharides attached to proteins as post-translational modification remains an important research field in the area of glycoproteomics as well as in biotechnology. The development of new tools for qualitative and quantitative analysis of glycans has gained high importance
Josiane P Lafleur et al.
Lab on a chip, 15(10), 2162-2172 (2015-04-09)
A novel, rapid and simple method for the preparation of emulsion-templated monoliths in microfluidic channels based on thiol-ene chemistry is presented. The method allows monolith synthesis and anchoring inside thiol-ene microchannels in a single photoinitiated step. Characterization by scanning electron
S Coppenhagen-Glazer et al.
Infection and immunity, 83(3), 1104-1113 (2015-01-07)
Fusobacterium nucleatum is a common oral anaerobe involved in periodontitis that is known to translocate and cause intrauterine infections. In the oral environment, F. nucleatum adheres to a large diversity of species, facilitating their colonization and creating biological bridges that
Pung-Ho Kim et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1406, 231-243 (2015-07-05)
The economically-efficient separation of galactose, levulinic acid (LA), and 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (5-HMF) in acid hydrolyzate of agarose has been a key issue in the area of biofuel production from marine biomass. To address this issue, an optimal simulated moving bed (SMB)
Guang Zeng et al.
Tumour biology : the journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine, 36(9), 6781-6788 (2015-04-04)
In the present study, we isolated and characterized a homogenous polysaccharide (GIAP1) from the alkaline extract of the roots of Glycyrrhiza inflata. The anti-tumor activity of GIAP1 toward human oral cancer SCC-25 cells and the underlying mechanisms were also examined
Zhen-Bin Wang et al.
Carbohydrate polymers, 109, 49-55 (2014-05-13)
Three partially purified polysaccharides were extracted from Phellinus linteus mycelia using hot water, 1% (NH4)2C2O4, and 1.25M NaOH/0.05% NaBH4, and the extracts were named PL-W, PL-A, and, PL-N respectively. PL-N mainly comprised xylose and arabinose with a high molecular weight
Kevin Axelrod et al.
eLife, 4 (2015-08-25)
Microorganisms often exhibit a history-dependent phenotypic response after exposure to a stimulus which can be imperative for proper function. However, cells frequently experience unexpected environmental perturbations that might induce phenotypic switching. How cells maintain phenotypic states in the face of
Jihoon Ryu et al.
Science signaling, 8(383), ra66-ra66 (2015-07-02)
As hubs for eukaryotic cell signaling, scaffold proteins are attractive targets for engineering and manipulating signaling circuits. We designed synthetic scaffolds with a repeated PDZ domain that interacted with engineered kinases of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade involved in
Jayant Nirmalkar et al.
Environmental science and pollution research international, 22(2), 1220-1231 (2014-08-19)
Organic molecular markers are important atmospheric constituents. Their formation and sources are important aspects of the study of urban and rural air quality. We collected PM10 aerosol samples from the Mahanadi Riverside Basin (MRB), a rural part of eastern central
Kathy Saraiva-Pava et al.
World journal of gastroenterology, 21(21), 6526-6542 (2015-06-16)
To establish a cellular model correctly mimicking the gastric epithelium to overcome the limitation in the study of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection. Aiming to overcome this limitation, clones of the heterogenic cancer-derived NCI-N87 cell line were isolated, by stably-transducing
Alexander N Patananan et al.
Archives of biochemistry and biophysics, 569, 32-44 (2015-02-11)
l-Ascorbate, commonly known as vitamin C, serves as an antioxidant and cofactor essential for many biological processes. Distinct ascorbate biosynthetic pathways have been established for animals and plants, but little is known about the presence or synthesis of this molecule
Paolo Ferrari et al.
Nucleic acids research, 43(8), 3972-3985 (2015-04-08)
Transcription in eukaryotes is associated with two major changes in chromatin organization. Firstly, nucleosomal histones are continuously replaced by new histones, an event that in yeast occurs predominantly at transcriptionally active promoters. Secondly, histones become modified post-translationally at specific lysine
Helena Osterholz et al.
Nature communications, 6, 7422-7422 (2015-06-19)
Dissolved organic matter (DOM) in the oceans constitutes a major carbon pool involved in global biogeochemical cycles. More than 96% of the marine DOM resists microbial degradation for thousands of years. The composition of this refractory DOM (RDOM) exhibits a
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