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Semih Can Akıncılar et al.
FEBS letters, 589(9), 974-984 (2015-03-10)
Besides its canonical function of catalyzing the formation of telomeric repeats, many groups have recently reported non-canonical functions of hTERT in particular, and telomerase in general. Regulating transcription is the central basis of non-canonical functions of telomerase. However, unlike reverse
Kui Yang et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 407(17), 5199-5210 (2015-03-31)
Diglycerides play a central role in lipid metabolism and signaling in mammalian cells. Although diacylglycerol molecular species comprise the majority of cellular diglycerides that are commonly measured using a variety of approaches, identification of extremely low abundance vinyl ether diglycerides
Adrian Gerber et al.
Microbial cell factories, 14, 107-107 (2015-07-29)
Cholesterol, the precursor of all steroid hormones, is the most abundant steroid in vertebrates and exhibits highly hydrophobic properties, rendering it a difficult substrate for aqueous microbial biotransformations. In the present study, we developed a Bacillus megaterium based whole-cell system
Ying Dong et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 957, 30-35 (2014-03-25)
Glycerol has the latent capacity to act as a plasma volume expander and disguise blood doping practices. Therefore, it has been prohibited in sports as a masking agent by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) since January 2010 and a urinary
Carolien E van de Sandt et al.
Vaccine, 32(43), 5614-5623 (2014-08-21)
Vaccines used against seasonal influenza are poorly effective against influenza A viruses of novel subtypes that may have pandemic potential. Furthermore, pre(pandemic) influenza vaccines are poorly immunogenic, which can be overcome by the use of adjuvants. A limited number of
Sivankutty Indu et al.
Molecular & cellular proteomics : MCP, 14(12), 3185-3195 (2015-10-04)
DYNLT1 is a member of a gene family identified within the t-complex of the mouse, which has been linked with male germ cell development and function in the mouse and the fly. Though defects in the expression of this gene
Junwen Zheng et al.
Journal of immunology research, 2015, 738547-738547 (2015-11-12)
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection upregulates genes of the suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS) family, which utilize a feedback loop to inhibit type I interferon dependent antiviral signaling pathway. Here, we reconstituted RSV nonstructural (NS) protein expression plasmids (pNS1, pNS2
Cinzia Franchin et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1355, 278-283 (2014-06-19)
Shotgun proteomics of complex samples is generally coupled with at least one peptide fractionation step and, to this effect, peptide isoelectric focusing (IEF) in immobilized pH gradient (IPG) is one of the most used techniques. Fractionation with the OFFGEL 3100
Min Jee Park et al.
Cellular reprogramming, 17(3), 199-210 (2015-05-20)
Bovine somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) using vitrified-thawed (VT) oocytes has been studied; however, the cloning efficiency of these oocytes is not comparable with that of nonvitrified (non-V) fresh oocytes. This study sought to optimize the survival and cryopreservation of
Daniel Andersson et al.
Expert review of molecular diagnostics, 15(8), 1085-1100 (2015-07-02)
Quantification of small molecule numbers often requires preamplification to generate enough copies for accurate downstream enumerations. Here, we studied experimental parameters in targeted preamplification and their effects on downstream quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR). To evaluate different strategies, we monitored the
Christopher T Cummings et al.
Oncotarget, 5(21), 10434-10445 (2014-11-06)
The successes of targeted therapeutics against EGFR and ALK in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) have demonstrated the substantial survival gains made possible by precision therapy. However, the majority of patients do not have tumors with genetic alterations responsive to
Sophie Forrest et al.
The Journal of general virology, 95(Pt 12), 2649-2657 (2014-08-07)
We have previously documented the inhibitory activity of RNA aptamers to the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase of foot-and-mouth disease virus (3D(pol)). Here we report their modification and use with a subgenomic replicon incorporating GFP (pGFP-PAC replicon), allowing replication to be monitored
Carla Rubio-Villena et al.
PloS one, 10(6), e0131476-e0131476 (2015-06-27)
Protein phosphatase 1 (PP1) is one of the major protein phosphatases in eukaryotic cells. It plays a key role in regulating glycogen synthesis, by dephosphorylating crucial enzymes involved in glycogen homeostasis such as glycogen synthase (GS) and glycogen phosphorylase (GP).
Andrei V Perepelov et al.
Carbohydrate research, 411, 33-36 (2015-05-13)
An acidic O-polysaccharide (O-antigen) was isolated from the lipopolysaccharide of Escherichia coli O140 and studied by sugar analysis along with 1D and 2D (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopy. The following structure of the branched hexasaccharide repeating unit was established: [Formula:
Kyung Min Jeong et al.
Archives of pharmacal research, 38(12), 2143-2152 (2015-11-05)
Deep eutectic solvents (DESs) were investigated as tunable, environmentally benign, yet superior extraction media to enhance the extraction of anthocyanins from grape skin, which is usually discarded as waste. Ten DESs containing choline chloride as hydrogen bond acceptor combined with
Paola Lorena Smaldini et al.
PloS one, 10(10), e0141116-e0141116 (2015-10-31)
The induction of peripheral tolerance may constitute a disease-modifying treatment for allergic patients. We studied how oral immunotherapy (OIT) with milk proteins controlled allergy in sensitized mice (cholera toxin plus milk proteins) upon exposure to the allergen. Symptoms were alleviated
Yoshifumi Tsuchiya et al.
Metabolism: clinical and experimental, 64(9), 1042-1050 (2015-06-18)
We determined detailed time-course changes in the irisin response to acute exercise using different exercise modes. In experiment 1, seven healthy males rested for 12h (8:00-20:00) to determine the diurnal variation in plasma irisin concentration. In experiment 2, 10 healthy
Huiwen Song et al.
Autophagy, 15(8), 1419-1437 (2019-03-15)
N6-methyladenosine (m6A) mRNA modifications play critical roles in various biological processes. However, no study addresses the role of m6A in macroautophagy/autophagy. Here, we show that m6A modifications are increased in H/R-treated cardiomyocytes and ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-treated mice heart. We found that
Leyla Zilic et al.
Journal of anatomy, 227(3), 302-314 (2015-07-23)
Current nerve tissue engineering applications are adopting xenogeneic nerve tissue as potential nerve grafts to help aid nerve regeneration. However, there is little literature that describes the exact location, anatomy and physiology of these nerves to highlight their potential as
Anita R Iskandar et al.
Toxicology mechanisms and methods, 26(6), 389-413 (2016-04-28)
Various electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS), of which electronic cigarettes (e-cigs) are the most recognized prototype, have been quickly gaining ground on conventional cigarettes because they are perceived as less harmful. Research assessing the potential effects of ENDS exposure in
Simon Jon McIlroy et al.
PloS one, 10(9), e0136424-e0136424 (2015-09-05)
An in depth understanding of the ecology of activated sludge nutrient removal wastewater treatment systems requires detailed knowledge of the community composition and metabolic activities of individual members. Recent 16S rRNA gene amplicon surveys of activated sludge wastewater treatment plants
Junqi Song et al.
PLoS genetics, 11(5), e1005200-e1005200 (2015-05-08)
Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerases (PARPs) catalyze the transfer of multiple poly(ADP-ribose) units onto target proteins. Poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation plays a crucial role in a variety of cellular processes including, most prominently, auto-activation of PARP at sites of DNA breaks to activate DNA repair
Susana Rodrigues et al.
Carbohydrate polymers, 123, 369-380 (2015-04-07)
Chitosan/carrageenan/tripolyphosphate nanoparticles were previously presented as holding potential for an application in transmucosal delivery of macromolecules, with tripolyphosphate demonstrating to contribute for both size reduction and stabilisation of the nanoparticles. This work was aimed at evaluating the capacity of the
Douglas Barrows et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 290(48), 28915-28931 (2015-10-07)
Phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate (PIP3)-dependent Rac exchanger 2 (PREX2) is a guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) for the Ras-related C3 botulinum toxin substrate 1 (Rac1) GTPase, facilitating the exchange of GDP for GTP on Rac1. GTP-bound Rac1 then activates its downstream effectors
Adam Bajinting et al.
Bio-protocol, 9(11), e3261-e3261 (2019-06-05)
Receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) are an important class of transmembrane receptors that mediate some of the most crucial biochemical pathways essential to the growth, differentiation, and survival of a cell and thus, are highly involved in cancers. Due to the
Archana Shenoy et al.
The EMBO journal, 34(9), 1180-1194 (2015-02-27)
The molecular basis of astrocyte differentiation and maturation is poorly understood. As microRNAs have important roles in cell fate transitions, we set out to study their function during the glial progenitor cell (GPC) to astrocyte transition. Inducible deletion of all
Adhiraj Roy et al.
PloS one, 10(3), e0121985-e0121985 (2015-03-31)
The transport of glucose across the plasma membrane is mediated by members of the glucose transporter family. In this study, we investigated glucose uptake through the yeast hexose transporter 1 (Hxt1) by measuring incorporation of 2-NBDG, a non-metabolizable, fluorescent glucose
Ying Yang et al.
The Plant cell, 27(9), 2455-2468 (2015-08-25)
The photoperiodic response is one of the most important factors determining heading date in rice (Oryza sativa). Although rhythmic expression patterns of flowering time genes have been reported to fine-tune the photoperiodic response, posttranslational regulation of key flowering regulators has
J R Bales et al.
Clinical chemistry, 30(3), 426-432 (1984-03-01)
Numerous low-Mr metabolites--including creatinine, citrate, hippurate, glucose, ketone bodies, and various amino acids--have been identified in 400- and 500-MHz proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) spectra of intact human urine. The presence of many of these was related to the
Andrei V Perepelov et al.
Carbohydrate research, 407, 59-62 (2015-02-28)
Mild acid degradation of the lipopolysaccharide of Enterobacter cloacae G3054 resulted in the cleavage of the O-polysaccharide at the linkage of residues of 5,7-diacetamido-3,5,7,9-tetradeoxy-L-glycero-L-manno-non-2-ulosonic acid (di-N-acetylpseudaminic acid, Pse5Ac7Ac) in the main chain. The resultant oligosaccharide and an alkali-treated lipopolysaccharide were
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