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Lingling Yu et al.
Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, 108, 287-293 (2014-08-12)
This field experiment analyzed the phytoremediation effects of oilseed rape in moderately cadmium (Cd)-contaminated farmland and the food safety of successive rice in an oilseed rape-rice rotation system. Two oilseed rape cultivars accumulated Cd at different rates. The rapeseed cultivar
Michel A Defo et al.
Aquatic toxicology (Amsterdam, Netherlands), 154, 207-220 (2014-06-11)
In this experiment, we studied the transcriptional and functional (enzymatic) responses of yellow perch (Perca flavescens) to metal stress, with a focus on oxidative stress and vitamin A metabolism. Juvenile yellow perch were exposed to two environmentally relevant concentrations of
Helena Oliveira et al.
Mutation research. Genetic toxicology and environmental mutagenesis, 775-776, 38-47 (2014-12-02)
Cadmium (Cd) is a widespread heavy metal used in numerous industrial processes. Cd exerts toxicological effects mostly in kidney and liver. Bone is also an important target of Cd, however, the cellular mechanisms of Cd toxicological effects in the bone
Ida Beathe Overjordet et al.
The Science of the total environment, 502, 548-556 (2014-10-10)
Seasonal fluctuations in mercury (Hg), cadmium (Cd), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu) and selenium (Se) concentrations were studied in black-legged kittiwakes (Rissa tridactyla) from Kongsfjorden, Svalbard (79°57'N, 12°12'E). Element concentrations were determined in muscle and liver tissue in kittiwakes collected in
Indra Singh et al.
Phytochemistry, 108, 57-66 (2014-10-11)
Rice seedlings grown under 50 μM cadmium alone or in combination with 5 μM methyl jasmonate were investigated for Cd-induced oxidative injury at 3, 7 and 10 days of treatment. MeJA treatments alone did not have any significant change in
Shimpei Uraguchi et al.
Current opinion in plant biology, 16(3), 328-334 (2013-04-17)
It is important to reduce the risk of long-term cadmium (Cd) exposure through ingestion. Cd in plant-derived foods (especially rice grain in Japan) is a major source of human Cd intake. In rice, Cd uptake and xylem loading in roots
Chamani P M Marasinghe Wadige et al.
Aquatic toxicology (Amsterdam, Netherlands), 152, 361-371 (2014-05-20)
To understand how benthic biota may respond to the additive or antagonistic effects of metal mixtures in the environment it is first necessary to examine their responses to the individual metals. In this context, laboratory controlled single metal-spiked sediment toxicity
Ami R Zota et al.
American journal of epidemiology, 181(2), 127-136 (2014-12-17)
Cadmium and lead are ubiquitous environmental contaminants that might increase risks of cardiovascular disease and other aging-related diseases, but their relationships with leukocyte telomere length (LTL), a marker of cellular aging, are poorly understood. In experimental studies, they have been
Umesh U Jadhav et al.
Environmental technology, 35(9-12), 1263-1268 (2014-04-08)
The removal of nickel (Ni) and cadmium (Cd) from spent batteries was studied by the chemical method. A novel leaching system using ferric sulphate hydrate was introduced to dissolve heavy metals in batteries. Ni-Cd batteries are classified as hazardous waste
Andrea Hartwig
Metal ions in life sciences, 11, 491-507 (2013-02-23)
Cadmium is an established human and animal carcinogen. Most evidence is available for elevated risk for lung cancer after occupational exposure; however, associations between cadmium exposure and tumors at other locations including kidney, breast, and prostate may be relevant as
Björn Fagerberg et al.
Environmental research, 136, 67-74 (2014-12-03)
Epidemiological studies indicate that cadmium exposure through diet and smoking is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. There are few data on the relationship between cadmium and plaques, the hallmark of underlying atherosclerotic disease. To examine the association between
Deepthi Das et al.
Chemosphere, 112, 385-392 (2014-07-23)
Halophilic archaea are prevalent in highly saline habitats. Haloferax strain BBK2 is an orange pigmented, exopolysaccharide (EPS) producing extremely halophilic archaeon, isolated from solar salterns of Ribandar, Goa, India. It grew in varying pH (5-10) and NaCl concentration (10-30%). The
Shaista Qadir et al.
Reviews of environmental contamination and toxicology, 229, 51-88 (2014-02-12)
Cadmium (Cd) is a water soluble metal pollutant that is not essential to plant growth.It has attracted attention from soil scientists and plant nutritionists in recent years because of its toxicity and mobility in the soil-plant continuum. Even low levels
Norbert Ondo Zue Abaga et al.
Chemosphere, 113, 42-47 (2014-07-30)
In Burkina-Faso, urban vegetable agriculture is often characterized by urban solid waste fertilizer inputs containing heavy metals such as Cu and Cd. Thus, the relevance of surrounding urban vegetable plots with vetiver hedges to reduce environmental pollution by Cu and
Frank Thévenod et al.
Archives of toxicology, 87(10), 1743-1786 (2013-08-29)
Cellular stress elicited by the toxic metal Cd(2+) does not coerce the cell into committing to die from the onset. Rather, detoxification and adaptive processes are triggered concurrently, allowing survival until normal function is restored. With high Cd(2+), death pathways
Cheng-Cheng Shao et al.
Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, 106, 109-114 (2014-05-20)
Cadmium (Cd), a potent hepatotoxin, has been reported to induce endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in various cell types. However, whether such effect exists in bird is still unclear. To delineate the effects of Cd exposure on ER stress response, we
Fakher Rahim et al.
Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention : APJCP, 14(7), 4283-4287 (2013-09-03)
In this meta-analysis we review evidence suggesting that exposure to cadmium is a cause of breast cancer. We conducted Medline/PubMed and Scopus searches using selected MeSH keywords to identify papers published from January 1, 1980 through January 1, 2013. Data
Rebecca G Mitchell et al.
Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987), 187, 162-169 (2014-02-08)
Urban gardens provide affordable fresh produce to communities with limited access to healthy food but may also increase exposure to lead (Pb) and other soil contaminants. Metals analysis of 564 soil samples from 54 New York City (NYC) community gardens
Jinny E Sánchez-Rodríguez et al.
Environmental research, 136, 227-233 (2014-12-03)
Anti-smoking legislation has been associated with an improvement in health indicators. Since the cadmium (Cd) body burden in the general population is markedly increased by smoke exposure, we analyzed the impact of the more restrictive legislation that came into force
Shuwen Tan et al.
Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, 108, 258-264 (2014-08-12)
To gain more knowledge about the physiological regulation of metal pollutant detoxification in grass carp, we examined Cd concentration and its the potential influence on the expression of metallothionein 2 (MT2) and multidrug resistance protein 2 (ABCC2) mRNA in the
Orsolya Kinga Gondor et al.
Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, 108, 129-134 (2014-07-26)
UV-B radiation may have either a positive or negative impact under the same conditions in wheat, depending on the type of secondary abiotic stressor: Cd or drought. Supplemental UV-B prevented the wilting and leaf rolling induced by PEG treatment. In
P Ortega et al.
Aquatic toxicology (Amsterdam, Netherlands), 157, 21-29 (2014-12-03)
Membrane pathway for intracellular cadmium (Cd(2+)) accumulation is not fully elucidated in many organisms and has not been studied in crab gill cells. To characterize membrane Cd(2+) transport of anterior and posterior gill cells of Ucides cordatus, a hypo-hyper-regulating crab
Mauro Giammarino et al.
Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxicology, 93(4), 410-416 (2014-08-26)
This study aims to examine the possible presence of lead and cadmium in the liver and kidneys of hooded crows (Corvus cornix). Liver and kidneys of hooded crow carcasses were collected in Province of Cuneo (Piedmont, Italy) in order to
Jachym Suman et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1838(5), 1338-1343 (2014-02-05)
PbtA, a putative P(1B)-type ATPase from the Gram-negative soil bacterium Achromobacter xylosoxidans A8 responsible for Pb(2+)/Zn(2+)/Cd(2+)-resistance in Escherichia coli, was heterologously expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. When present in Zn(2+)- and Pb(2+)/Cd(2+)-hypersensitive S. cerevisiae strains CM137 and DTY168, respectively, PbtA was
Violet Diacomanolis et al.
Chemosphere, 112, 203-209 (2014-07-23)
Mine wastes contain a mixture of metals and metalloids including arsenic (As) and cadmium (Cd). This study investigated the potential interaction between As and Cd in a rat model. Sprague Dawley rats were dosed with sodium arsenate via the oral
A Cristina S Rocha et al.
Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, 109, 152-160 (2014-09-07)
Metals are known to induce oxidative stress in plant cells. Antioxidant thiolic compounds are known to play an important role in plants׳ defence mechanisms against metal toxicity but, regarding salt marsh plants, their role is still very poorly understood. In
Bernard J P Clément et al.
Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, 108, 217-223 (2014-08-05)
Since 1997, we have been developing a protocol for ecotoxicological bioassays in 2-L laboratory microcosms and have applied it to the study of various pollutants and ecotoxicological risk assessment scenarios in the area of urban facilities and transport infrastructures. The
Mark Patrick Taylor et al.
Environment international, 70, 113-117 (2014-06-14)
Globally, childhood blood lead levels have fallen precipitously in developed countries since the 1970s following action by international bodies such as the WHO and Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) of the United Nations. These reductions have been affected by the
Lijun Li et al.
Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987), 187, 90-97 (2014-01-28)
We studied the bonding and release kinetics of Cd, Cu and Pb from different soils in the older metropolitan area of Copenhagen. Total Cd, Cu and Pb concentrations were elevated 5-27 times in the urban soils compared to an agricultural
Elisa Andresen et al.
Metal ions in life sciences, 11, 395-413 (2013-02-23)
Cadmium is an important pollutant in the environment, toxic to most organisms and a potential threat to human health: Crops and other plants take up Cd from the soil or water and may enrich it in their roots and shoots.
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