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GF28009593

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Björn Fagerberg et al.
Environmental research, 136, 67-74 (2014-12-03)
Epidemiological studies indicate that cadmium exposure through diet and smoking is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. There are few data on the relationship between cadmium and plaques, the hallmark of underlying atherosclerotic disease. To examine the association between...
Frank Thévenod et al.
Archives of toxicology, 87(10), 1743-1786 (2013-08-29)
Cellular stress elicited by the toxic metal Cd(2+) does not coerce the cell into committing to die from the onset. Rather, detoxification and adaptive processes are triggered concurrently, allowing survival until normal function is restored. With high Cd(2+), death pathways...
Cheng-Cheng Shao et al.
Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, 106, 109-114 (2014-05-20)
Cadmium (Cd), a potent hepatotoxin, has been reported to induce endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in various cell types. However, whether such effect exists in bird is still unclear. To delineate the effects of Cd exposure on ER stress response, we...
Shaista Qadir et al.
Reviews of environmental contamination and toxicology, 229, 51-88 (2014-02-12)
Cadmium (Cd) is a water soluble metal pollutant that is not essential to plant growth.It has attracted attention from soil scientists and plant nutritionists in recent years because of its toxicity and mobility in the soil-plant continuum. Even low levels...
Norbert Ondo Zue Abaga et al.
Chemosphere, 113, 42-47 (2014-07-30)
In Burkina-Faso, urban vegetable agriculture is often characterized by urban solid waste fertilizer inputs containing heavy metals such as Cu and Cd. Thus, the relevance of surrounding urban vegetable plots with vetiver hedges to reduce environmental pollution by Cu and...
Jinny E Sánchez-Rodríguez et al.
Environmental research, 136, 227-233 (2014-12-03)
Anti-smoking legislation has been associated with an improvement in health indicators. Since the cadmium (Cd) body burden in the general population is markedly increased by smoke exposure, we analyzed the impact of the more restrictive legislation that came into force...
Shimpei Uraguchi et al.
Current opinion in plant biology, 16(3), 328-334 (2013-04-17)
It is important to reduce the risk of long-term cadmium (Cd) exposure through ingestion. Cd in plant-derived foods (especially rice grain in Japan) is a major source of human Cd intake. In rice, Cd uptake and xylem loading in roots...
Lingling Yu et al.
Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, 108, 287-293 (2014-08-12)
This field experiment analyzed the phytoremediation effects of oilseed rape in moderately cadmium (Cd)-contaminated farmland and the food safety of successive rice in an oilseed rape-rice rotation system. Two oilseed rape cultivars accumulated Cd at different rates. The rapeseed cultivar...
Indra Singh et al.
Phytochemistry, 108, 57-66 (2014-10-11)
Rice seedlings grown under 50 μM cadmium alone or in combination with 5 μM methyl jasmonate were investigated for Cd-induced oxidative injury at 3, 7 and 10 days of treatment. MeJA treatments alone did not have any significant change in...
Umesh U Jadhav et al.
Environmental technology, 35(9-12), 1263-1268 (2014-04-08)
The removal of nickel (Ni) and cadmium (Cd) from spent batteries was studied by the chemical method. A novel leaching system using ferric sulphate hydrate was introduced to dissolve heavy metals in batteries. Ni-Cd batteries are classified as hazardous waste...
Ida Beathe Overjordet et al.
The Science of the total environment, 502, 548-556 (2014-10-10)
Seasonal fluctuations in mercury (Hg), cadmium (Cd), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu) and selenium (Se) concentrations were studied in black-legged kittiwakes (Rissa tridactyla) from Kongsfjorden, Svalbard (79°57'N, 12°12'E). Element concentrations were determined in muscle and liver tissue in kittiwakes collected in...
Helena Oliveira et al.
Mutation research. Genetic toxicology and environmental mutagenesis, 775-776, 38-47 (2014-12-02)
Cadmium (Cd) is a widespread heavy metal used in numerous industrial processes. Cd exerts toxicological effects mostly in kidney and liver. Bone is also an important target of Cd, however, the cellular mechanisms of Cd toxicological effects in the bone...
Michel A Defo et al.
Aquatic toxicology (Amsterdam, Netherlands), 154, 207-220 (2014-06-11)
In this experiment, we studied the transcriptional and functional (enzymatic) responses of yellow perch (Perca flavescens) to metal stress, with a focus on oxidative stress and vitamin A metabolism. Juvenile yellow perch were exposed to two environmentally relevant concentrations of...
Shuwen Tan et al.
Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, 108, 258-264 (2014-08-12)
To gain more knowledge about the physiological regulation of metal pollutant detoxification in grass carp, we examined Cd concentration and its the potential influence on the expression of metallothionein 2 (MT2) and multidrug resistance protein 2 (ABCC2) mRNA in the...
Andrea Hartwig
Metal ions in life sciences, 11, 491-507 (2013-02-23)
Cadmium is an established human and animal carcinogen. Most evidence is available for elevated risk for lung cancer after occupational exposure; however, associations between cadmium exposure and tumors at other locations including kidney, breast, and prostate may be relevant as...
Fakher Rahim et al.
Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention : APJCP, 14(7), 4283-4287 (2013-09-03)
In this meta-analysis we review evidence suggesting that exposure to cadmium is a cause of breast cancer. We conducted Medline/PubMed and Scopus searches using selected MeSH keywords to identify papers published from January 1, 1980 through January 1, 2013. Data...
Rebecca G Mitchell et al.
Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987), 187, 162-169 (2014-02-08)
Urban gardens provide affordable fresh produce to communities with limited access to healthy food but may also increase exposure to lead (Pb) and other soil contaminants. Metals analysis of 564 soil samples from 54 New York City (NYC) community gardens...
Deepthi Das et al.
Chemosphere, 112, 385-392 (2014-07-23)
Halophilic archaea are prevalent in highly saline habitats. Haloferax strain BBK2 is an orange pigmented, exopolysaccharide (EPS) producing extremely halophilic archaeon, isolated from solar salterns of Ribandar, Goa, India. It grew in varying pH (5-10) and NaCl concentration (10-30%). The...
Fan Zhang et al.
Journal of nanoscience and nanotechnology, 14(2), 1409-1424 (2014-04-23)
Cadmium-based quantum dots (QDs) have the advantage of broad UV excitation, narrow emission, bright photoluminescence (PL), and high photostability, which make them fine applications in bio-imaging, electroluminescence (EL) and photovoltaic (PV) devices, catalytic hydrogen production, sensors, etc. This review article...
Urtzi Izagirre et al.
Aquatic toxicology (Amsterdam, Netherlands), 149, 145-156 (2014-03-25)
In estuaries and coastal areas, intertidal organisms may be subject to thermal stress resulting from global warming, together with pollution. In the present study, the combined effects of thermal stress and exposure to Cd were investigated in the endo-lysosomal system...
Jungsoo Kim et al.
Environmental monitoring and assessment, 187(1), 4124-4124 (2014-11-21)
Cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), manganese (Mn), zinc (Zn), and iron (Fe) concentrations were measured in the prey and liver of grey heron (Ardea cinerea) and black-crowned night heron (Nycticorax nycticorax) chicks (24-26 days after hatching) at the Pyeongtaek colony, Korea...
Orsolya Kinga Gondor et al.
Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, 108, 129-134 (2014-07-26)
UV-B radiation may have either a positive or negative impact under the same conditions in wheat, depending on the type of secondary abiotic stressor: Cd or drought. Supplemental UV-B prevented the wilting and leaf rolling induced by PEG treatment. In...
Chamani P M Marasinghe Wadige et al.
Aquatic toxicology (Amsterdam, Netherlands), 152, 361-371 (2014-05-20)
To understand how benthic biota may respond to the additive or antagonistic effects of metal mixtures in the environment it is first necessary to examine their responses to the individual metals. In this context, laboratory controlled single metal-spiked sediment toxicity...
Ami R Zota et al.
American journal of epidemiology, 181(2), 127-136 (2014-12-17)
Cadmium and lead are ubiquitous environmental contaminants that might increase risks of cardiovascular disease and other aging-related diseases, but their relationships with leukocyte telomere length (LTL), a marker of cellular aging, are poorly understood. In experimental studies, they have been...
Chang-Mo Oh et al.
Environmental research, 132, 119-125 (2014-04-29)
Cadmium exposure was found to cause a decline in lung function among the general population, but these findings were limited to smokers and gender differences were not explored. To examine the relationship between cadmium and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)...
Xianghua Xu et al.
Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxicology, 93(5), 618-624 (2014-08-27)
Chemical and biological analyses were used to investigate the growth response and antioxidant defense mechanism of maize seedlings (Zea mays L.) grown in soils with 0-100 mg kg(-1) Cd. Results showed that maize seedlings have strong abilities to accumulate and...
Muhammad T Rafiq et al.
Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, 103, 101-107 (2014-01-15)
Food chain contamination by cadmium (Cd) is globally a serious health concern resulting in chronic abnormalities. Rice is a major staple food of the majority world population, therefore, it is imperative to understand the relationship between the bioavailability of Cd...
Chui-Fan Zhou et al.
Environmental toxicology and chemistry, 33(10), 2351-2357 (2014-07-22)
The acute and subacute toxicities of cadmium (Cd) to earthworm Eisenia fetida in the presence and absence of glyphosate were studied. Although Cd is highly toxic to E. fetida, the presence of glyphosate markedly reduced the acute toxicity of Cd...
Anna Z Pollack et al.
Journal of toxicology and environmental health. Part A, 78(2), 119-131 (2014-11-27)
Certain metals are harmful to the kidney and liver at high levels, but associations with functional biomarkers at low exposure levels among premenopausal women apparently has not been evaluated. Healthy, regularly menstruating women (n = 259) were followed for up...
P Ortega et al.
Aquatic toxicology (Amsterdam, Netherlands), 157, 21-29 (2014-12-03)
Membrane pathway for intracellular cadmium (Cd(2+)) accumulation is not fully elucidated in many organisms and has not been studied in crab gill cells. To characterize membrane Cd(2+) transport of anterior and posterior gill cells of Ucides cordatus, a hypo-hyper-regulating crab...
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