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EunByeol Han et al.
Archives of dermatological research, 307(1), 57-72 (2014-07-27)
Melanin is major factor that determines skin color as well as one of the defense systems that prevent the UV-induced damage. In case of abnormal concentration of melanin, skin diseases or problems occur such as albinism, leukoplakia, melasma, freckles, moles
Ryan J Schutte et al.
Journal of neurophysiology, 112(4), 903-912 (2014-05-09)
Hundreds of mutations in the SCN1A sodium channel gene confer a wide spectrum of epileptic disorders, requiring efficient model systems to study cellular mechanisms and identify potential therapeutic targets. We recently demonstrated that Drosophila knock-in flies carrying the K1270T SCN1A
Hyung Ho Yoon et al.
Journal of Korean medical science, 29(11), 1555-1561 (2014-11-20)
A double toxin-double lesion strategy is well-known to generate a rat model of striatonigral degeneration (SND) such as multiple system atrophy-parkinsonian type. However, with this model it is difficult to distinguish SND from Parkinson's disease (PD). In this study, we
Kyong-Suk Jin et al.
Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association, 68, 38-43 (2014-03-19)
Previously, betulinic acid was identified as one of the main compounds responsible for the anti-melanogenic effect in Vitis amurensis root. In this study, we investigated the precise mechanism underlying the anti-melanogenic activity of betulinic acid in B16F10 cells. Betulinic acid
Kenji Maeda et al.
The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics, 350(3), 589-604 (2014-06-21)
Brexpiprazole (OPC-34712, 7-{4-[4-(1-benzothiophen-4-yl)piperazin-1-yl]butoxy}quinolin-2(1H)-one) is a novel drug candidate in clinical development for psychiatric disorders with high affinity for serotonin, dopamine, and noradrenaline receptors. In particular, it bound with high affinity (Ki < 1 nM) to human serotonin 1A (h5-HT1A)-, h5-HT2A-
Soumalya Mukherjee et al.
Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, 113, 112-123 (2014-12-17)
The natural habitat of sponge, Eunapius carteri faces an ecotoxicological threat of contamination by washing soda, a common household cleaning agent of India. Washing soda is chemically known as sodium carbonate and is reported to be toxic to aquatic organisms.
Wan Mohd Nuzul Hakimi Wan Salleh et al.
Archives of pharmacal research, 38(4), 485-493 (2014-08-08)
The present study aimed to examine the chemical compositions of the essential oils of Beilschmiedia madang and their antioxidant, antibacterial, antifungal, anticholinesterase and anti-tyrosinase activities. The major constituents of the essential oils of leaf and bark of B. madang were
Qiang Jian et al.
Molecular and cellular biology, 34(18), 3407-3420 (2014-07-02)
The influence of UV irradiation on pigmentation is well established, but the molecular and cellular mechanisms controlling dendrite formation remain incompletely understood. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small RNAs that participate in various cellular processes by suppressing the expression
Manuela Calin et al.
European journal of pharmaceutics and biopharmaceutics : official journal of Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Pharmazeutische Verfahrenstechnik e.V, 89, 18-29 (2014-12-02)
Chemokines are critically involved in the development of chronic inflammatory-associated diseases such as atherosclerosis. We hypothesized that targeted delivery of compounds to the surface of activated endothelial cells (EC) interferes with chemokine/receptor interaction and thereby efficiently blocks inflammation. We developed
Digvijay G Rana et al.
Canadian journal of physiology and pharmacology, 92(12), 985-992 (2014-11-13)
We have investigated the influence of dopaminergic agents on the expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene in relation with lipid levels in chronic mild stress (CMS). Mice subjected to CMS were treated with simvastatin (10 mg/kg, per os (orally))
Pol Nadal-Jimenez et al.
Journal of bacteriology, 196(14), 2681-2690 (2014-05-13)
The iron binding siderophore pyoverdine constitutes a major adaptive factor contributing to both virulence and survival in fluorescent pseudomonads. For decades, pyoverdine production has allowed the identification and classification of fluorescent and nonfluorescent pseudomonads. Here, we demonstrate that PvdP, a
Sarah Ghamrawi et al.
PloS one, 9(6), e100290-e100290 (2014-06-21)
Progress in extending the life expectancy of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients remains jeopardized by the increasing incidence of fungal respiratory infections. Pseudallescheria boydii (P. boydii), an emerging pathogen of humans, is a filamentous fungus frequently isolated from the respiratory secretions
Mounira Krifa et al.
Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association, 69, 76-85 (2014-04-08)
The objectives of this study were to evaluate the in vitro and in vivo anti-tumor potential of the aqueous gall extract (G extract) from Limoniastrum guyonianum and to elucidate its immunological mechanisms, in part, by assessing its effects on the
Nicolas Morin et al.
Experimental neurology, 256, 105-116 (2013-01-31)
The treatment of motor symptoms of Parkinson disease (PD) with the dopamine (DA) precursor, l-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (l-DOPA) introduced 50years ago still remains a very effective medication. However, involuntary movements termed l-DOPA-induced dyskinesias (LID) appear in the vast majority of PD patients
Hakki Mevlut Ozcan et al.
Artificial cells, nanomedicine, and biotechnology, 42(4), 256-261 (2013-02-01)
In this study, a novel fresh broad (Vicia faba) tissue homogenate-based biosensor for determination of phenolic compounds was developed. The biosensor was constructed by immobilizing tissue homogenate of fresh broad (Vicia faba) on to glassy carbon electrode. For the stability
Jiun-Han Chen et al.
BioMed research international, 2014, 695797-695797 (2014-09-25)
The purpose of this study was to investigate if PPARγ plays a role in the melanogenesis. B16/F10 cells were divided into five groups: control, melanin stimulating hormone (α-MSH), α-MSH+retinol, α-MSH+GW9662 (PPARγ antagonist), and GW9662. Cells in the control group were
J P Neves Silva et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1838(10), 2555-2567 (2014-07-01)
Dioctadecyldimethylammonium bromide (DODAB):Monoolein (MO) lipoplexes have mainly been studied within the range of high molar ratios of DODAB, with noticeable transfection efficiencies in the Human Embryonic Kidney (HEK, a.k.a. 293T) cell line. In this work, we intend to study the
Tanya Chotibut et al.
Molecular pharmacology, 86(6), 675-685 (2014-09-12)
Pharmacological dopamine (DA) replacement with Levodopa [L-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA)] is the gold standard treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD). However, long-term L-DOPA treatment is complicated by eventual debilitating abnormal involuntary movements termed L-DOPA-induced dyskinesia (LID), a clinically significant obstacle for the majority
Keiichi Hiramoto et al.
Photodermatology, photoimmunology & photomedicine, 30(6), 302-307 (2014-07-25)
Tranexamic acid (trans-4-aminomethylcyclohexanecarboxylic acid) is a medicinal amino acid used in skin whitening care. This study examined the effects of tranexamic acid on the melanocyte activation of the skin induced by an ultraviolet (UV) B eye irradiation. The eye or
Elahe Molaakbari et al.
The Analyst, 139(17), 4356-4364 (2014-07-12)
A novel carbon paste electrode modified with ZnO nanorods and 5-(4'-amino-3'-hydroxy-biphenyl-4-yl)-acrylic acid (3,4'-AAZCPE) was fabricated. The electrochemical study of the modified electrode, as well as its efficiency for the electrocatalytic oxidation of levodopa, is described. The electrode was employed to
Philippe Huot et al.
Neuropharmacology, 82, 76-87 (2014-01-23)
L-3,4-Dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA) is the most effective treatment for Parkinson's disease (PD), but its long-term administration is complicated by wearing-off and dyskinesia. UWA-101, a dual, equipotent inhibitor of dopamine (DAT) and serotonin (SERT) transporters, has previously been shown to successfully extend
Francesca Cima et al.
Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Toxicology & pharmacology : CBP, 169, 16-24 (2015-01-13)
New biocides such as the organometallic compound zinc pyrithione (ZnP) have been massively introduced by many countries in formulations of antifouling paints following the ban on tributyltin (TBT). The effects of sublethal concentrations (LC50=82.5 μM, i.e., 26.2 mg/l) on cultured
Branden J Stansley et al.
The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics, 351(2), 440-447 (2014-09-13)
L-Dopa (l-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine) is the precursor to dopamine and has become the mainstay therapeutic treatment for Parkinson's disease. Chronic L-dopa is administered to recover motor function in Parkinson's disease patients. However, drug efficacy decreases over time, and debilitating side effects occur
Oscar Solís et al.
Neurobiology of disease, 73, 49-59 (2014-10-05)
Nitric oxide (NO), a gaseous messenger molecule synthesized by nitric oxide synthase (NOS), plays a pivotal role in integrating dopamine transmission in the basal ganglia and has been implicated in the pathogenesis of Parkinson disease (PD). To study the role
M Purschke et al.
The British journal of dermatology, 172(4), 1021-1028 (2014-10-14)
Epidermal suction blister grafts are an effective treatment for chronic wounds or vitiligo, but this treatment is time consuming and limited to small areas. To compare two novel strategies to create fractional epidermal grafts. Epidermal blisters were raised from fresh
Peter Bou Dib et al.
PLoS genetics, 10(10), e1004718-e1004718 (2014-10-24)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is the most common neurodegenerative movement disorder characterized by the progressive loss of dopaminergic (DA) neurons. Both environmental and genetic factors are thought to contribute to the pathogenesis of PD. Although several genes linked to rare familial
Ketan S Patil et al.
Journal of neuroscience research, 92(9), 1167-1177 (2014-05-07)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive and irreversible neurodegenerative disorder coupled to selective degeneration of dopamine-producing neurons in the substantia nigra. The majority of PD incidents are sporadic, but monogenic cases account for 5-10% of cases. Mutations in PINK1 cause
Y-A Bae et al.
Parasitology, 142(6), 807-815 (2015-01-27)
Trematode tyrosinases (TYRs) play a major role in the tanning process during eggshell formation. We investigated the molecular and biochemical features of Paragonimus westermani TYR (PwTYR). The PwTYR cDNA was composed of 1568-bp encompassing a 1422-bp-long open reading frame (474-amino
Artur Beberok et al.
Molecular and cellular biochemistry, 401(1-2), 107-114 (2014-12-01)
Fluoroquinolone antibiotics provide broad-spectrum coverage for a number of infectious diseases, including respiratory as well as urinary tract infections. One of the important adverse effects of these drugs is phototoxicity which introduces a serious limitation to their use. To gain
Yeon Hong Lee et al.
European journal of drug metabolism and pharmacokinetics, 39(4), 237-242 (2013-12-24)
The objective of this study was to investigate the pharmacokinetic characteristics of levodopa (L-dopa) from nasal powder formulations using highly water-soluble levodopa methyl ester hydrochloride (LDME). In vivo pharmacokinetic studies were carried out with formulated LDME nasal powders. After oral
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