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Kenta Iijima et al.
Retrovirology, 10, 83-83 (2013-08-07)
Viral protein R (Vpr), a protein of human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) with various biological functions, was shown to be present in the blood of HIV-1-positive patients. However, it remained unclear whether circulating Vpr in patients' blood is biologically active.
J J Gross et al.
Journal of animal science, 93(7), 3395-3401 (2015-10-07)
Cortisol in dairy cows is released in an episodic manner underlying a circadian rhythm. The involvement of cortisol in numerous adaptive processes to cope with adverse conditions such as pain and inflammation is well characterized. Recent studies described contradictory effects
Yannick Moret et al.
Proceedings. Biological sciences, 270(1532), 2475-2480 (2003-12-12)
A primary infection by a parasite may indicate a higher risk of being reinfected in the near future (since infection may indicate that enemies are becoming more abundant). Acquired immunity does not exist in invertebrates despite the fact that they
Darcy Litteljohn et al.
Brain, behavior, and immunity, 67, 246-256 (2017-09-13)
The most common Parkinson's disease (PD) mutation is the gain-of-function LRRK2 G2019S variant, which has also been linked to inflammatory disease states. Yet, little is known of the role of G2019S in PD related complex behavioral or immune/hormonal processes in
Mauricio Dos-Santos-Pereira et al.
Glia, 68(3), 561-573 (2019-10-28)
We used mouse microglial cells in culture activated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 10 ng/ml) to study the anti-inflammatory potential of cannabidiol (CBD), the major nonpsychoactive component of cannabis. Under LPS stimulation, CBD (1-10 μM) potently inhibited the release of prototypical proinflammatory
Elke Cario et al.
The American journal of pathology, 160(1), 165-173 (2002-01-12)
Commensal-associated molecular patterns, the major products of nonpathogenic bacteria, are present at high concentrations at the apical surface of the intestinal epithelium. However, the nature of the interaction of commensal-associated molecular patterns with the lumenal surface of the epithelium has
Jean Haensler et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 486(1-2), 99-111 (2015-03-22)
We describe the development, analytical characterization, stability and preclinical efficacy of AF04, a combination adjuvant comprising the synthetic toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) agonist, E6020, formulated in AF03, a thermoreversible squalene emulsion. By using AF04 with the recombinant major outer membrane
Cheng-Jui Lee et al.
British journal of pharmacology, 146(3), 378-388 (2005-07-19)
Oregonin isolated from Alnus formosana is a diarylheptanoid derivative, which appears to have antioxidative and anti-inflammatory activities. In this study, our data demonstrated inhibitory actions of oregonin on the LPS-induced iNOS protein in RAW264.7 macrophages and BV-2 microglial cells. We
Yvonne Huber et al.
Cell death & disease, 8(6), e2893-e2893 (2017-06-24)
Physical activity confers a broad spectrum of health benefits. Beyond the obvious role in metabolically driven diseases, the role of physical activity in acute liver injury is poorly explored. To study the role of physical activity in acute liver injury
Leila Quercini et al.
FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, 34(1), 192-207 (2020-01-10)
The peptide sequence KKIRVRLSA was synthesized in a dimeric structure (SET-M33DIM) and evaluated as a candidate drug for infections due to multidrug-resistant (MDR) Gram-negative pathogens. SET-M33DIM showed significant antibacterial activity against MDR strains of Klebsiella pneumoniae, Acinetobacter baumannii, and Escherichia
X Yuan et al.
Cell death and differentiation, 22(12), 2046-2057 (2015-04-25)
Regulators of G protein signaling (Rgs) have pivotal roles in controlling various cellular processes, such as cell differentiation. How Rgs proteins regulate osteoclast (OC) differentiation, function and bone homeostasis is poorly understood. It was previously demonstrated that Rgs12, the largest
Youcai Deng et al.
Scientific reports, 6, 21692-21692 (2016-02-16)
Studies involving the use of prenatally programmed hypertension have been shown to potentially contribute to prevention of essential hypertension (EH). Our previous research has demonstrated that prenatal inflammatory stimulation leads to offspring's aortic dysfunction and hypertension in pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats
Ren-Long Jan et al.
Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine & pharmacotherapie, 128, 110370-110370 (2020-06-11)
We have recently shown that exogenous administration of extracellular heat shock protein HSC70, a previously recognized intracellular chaperone protein, can protect against LPS-induced cardiac dysfunction through anti-inflammatory actions. However, whether it can also exert anti-hypertrophic effect is unknown. The present
Ondřej Vašíček et al.
Journal of physiology and biochemistry, 76(1), 49-60 (2020-01-05)
In this study, we focused on comparing the effects of serotonin and its metabolites on the functions of RAW264.7 cells (emphasis on oxidative burst and production of nitric oxide and cytokines), thereby expanding the scope of existing knowledge with advent
Diane D Park et al.
Cell chemical biology, 28(4), 567-582 (2020-12-31)
The pleiotropic functions of macrophages in immune defense, tissue repair, and maintenance of tissue homeostasis are supported by the heterogeneity in macrophage sub-populations that differ both in ontogeny and polarization. Although glycans and glycan-binding proteins (GBPs) are integral to macrophage
Rong-Hwa Jan et al.
BMC immunology, 12, 31-31 (2011-05-27)
Ganoderma lucidum-derived polysaccharide (PS-G) can rapidly and effectively promote the activation and maturation of immature dendritic cells (DCs), suggesting that PS-G possesses the capacity to regulate immune responses. This study aimed to clarify the immunologic effect of PS-G on monocyte-derived
Maurizio Ceppi et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 106(8), 2735-2740 (2009-02-06)
In response to inflammatory stimulation, dendritic cells (DCs) have a remarkable pattern of differentiation (maturation) that exhibits specific mechanisms to control immunity. Here, we show that in response to Lipopolysaccharides (LPS), several microRNAs (miRNAs) are regulated in human monocyte-derived dendritic
Olivier Boutaud et al.
Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.), 644, 67-90 (2010-07-21)
Aspirin, salicylic acid, and acetaminophen are examples of drugs that inhibit the PGH synthases (cyclooxygenases) with potencies that vary remarkably between different cells. This results from the fact that the inhibitory action of these drugs is regulated by redox cycling
Xinquan Wang et al.
Free radical biology & medicine, 76, 242-250 (2014-09-23)
Adverse environment in early life can modulate the adult phenotype, including blood pressure. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) exposure in utero results in increased blood pressure in the offspring, but the exact mechanisms are not clear. Studies have shown that the renal dopamine
Yoshikuni Nagayama et al.
American journal of physiology. Renal physiology, 307(3), F346-F355 (2014-06-06)
Renal inflammation, in particular glomerular, is often characterized by increased IL-6 levels. The in vivo relevance of IL-6 signaling in glomerular podocytes, which play central roles in most glomerular diseases, is unknown. Here, we show that in normal mice, podocytes
Mimi Mu et al.
Frontiers in immunology, 11, 1585-1585 (2020-08-15)
To maintain alveolar gas exchange, the alveolar surface has to limit unnecessary inflammatory responses. This involves crosstalk between alveolar epithelial cells (AECs) and alveolar macrophages (AMs) in response to damaging factors. We recently showed that insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 regulates
P N Alexandrov et al.
Journal of inorganic biochemistry, 203, 110886-110886 (2019-11-11)
Gram-negative bacteria of the human gastrointestinal (GI) tract microbiome: (i) are capable of generating a broad-spectrum of highly neurotoxic, pro-inflammatory and potentially pathogenic molecules; and (ii) these include a highly immunogenic class of amphipathic surface glycolipids known as lipopolysaccharide (LPS).
Amanda Ferreira Neves et al.
Frontiers in physiology, 11, 473-473 (2020-06-12)
Peripheral inflammatory hyperalgesia depends on the sensitization of primary nociceptive neurons. Inflammation drives molecular alterations not only locally but also in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) where interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β) and purinoceptors are upregulated. Activation of the P2X7 purinoceptors by
G M Kowalski et al.
Diabetologia, 54(4), 888-899 (2011-01-07)
Recent work has identified the important roles of M1 pro-inflammatory and M2 anti-inflammatory macrophages in the regulation of insulin sensitivity. Specifically, increased numbers of M2 macrophages and a decrease in M1 macrophages within the adipose tissue are associated with a
Tai-Ping Lee et al.
Immunology, 127(1), 91-102 (2008-09-10)
Anti-ribosomal phosphoprotein autoantibodies have been shown to be significantly associated with multiple manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). High levels of interleukin-10 (IL-10) have been demonstrated to contribute to lupus susceptibility and severity. In this study, we investigated the molecular
Mi Joung Kim et al.
Nutrition research and practice, 5(5), 404-411 (2011-11-30)
This study investigated the effects of freeze-dried cranberry powder on anti-inflammation and lipid profiles of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated rats fed an atherogenic diet for 6 weeks. Forty Sprague-Dawley male rats (6-weeks-old) were equally divided into the following five groups: 1) normal
Zu-Chen Liu et al.
Biology of reproduction, 90(6), 134-134 (2014-05-16)
Leukocytes are known to participate in ovarian activities in several species, but there is a surprising lack of information for the common chicken. Broiler hens consuming feed ad libitum (AL) exhibit a number of ovarian irregularities, but leukocyte functions are
Zunpeng Liu et al.
Molecular therapy : the journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy, 26(1), 199-207 (2017-10-11)
Repair and regeneration of inflammation-induced bone loss remains a clinical challenge. LL37, an antimicrobial peptide, plays critical roles in cell migration, cytokine production, apoptosis, and angiogenesis. Migration of stem cells to the affected site and promotion of vascularization are essential
Una Avdic et al.
Frontiers in neurology, 10, 701-701 (2019-07-25)
Non-convulsive status epilepticus (NCSE) is a prolonged epileptic seizure with subtle symptoms that may delay clinical diagnosis. Emerging experimental evidence shows brain pathology and epilepsy development following NCSE. New diagnostic/prognostic tools are therefore needed for earlier and better stratification of
Janna Schneppenheim et al.
Molecular and cellular biology, 34(8), 1398-1411 (2014-02-05)
We reported recently that the presenilin homologue signal peptide peptidase-like 2a (SPPL2a) is essential for B cell development by cleaving the N-terminal fragment (NTF) of the invariant chain (li, CD74). Based on this, we suggested that pharmacological modulation of SPPL2a
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