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Alessandro Luciani et al.
Nature communications, 11(1), 970-970 (2020-02-23)
Deregulation of mitochondrial network in terminally differentiated cells contributes to a broad spectrum of disorders. Methylmalonic acidemia (MMA) is one of the most common inherited metabolic disorders, due to deficiency of the mitochondrial methylmalonyl-coenzyme A mutase (MMUT). How MMUT deficiency
Maria Vomero et al.
Scientific reports, 8(1), 14749-14749 (2018-10-05)
Neural interfaces for neuroscientific research are nowadays mainly manufactured using standard microsystems engineering technologies which are incompatible with the integration of carbon as electrode material. In this work, we investigate a new method to fabricate graphitic carbon electrode arrays on
Ofir Cohn et al.
Scientific reports, 6, 37115-37115 (2016-11-16)
SETD3 is a member of the protein lysine methyltransferase (PKMT) family, which catalyzes the addition of methyl group to lysine residues. Accumulating data suggest that PKMTs are involved in the regulation of a broad spectrum of biological processes by targeting
Ludwig T Weckbach et al.
The Journal of experimental medicine, 216(2), 350-368 (2019-01-17)
Heart failure due to dilated cardiomyopathy is frequently caused by myocarditis. However, the pathogenesis of myocarditis remains incompletely understood. Here, we report the presence of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) in cardiac tissue of patients and mice with myocarditis. Inhibition of
Norin Nabil Hamouda et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 296, 100182-100182 (2020-12-15)
Polyamines, such as putrescine, spermidine, and spermine, are physiologically important polycations, but the transporters responsible for their uptake in mammalian cells remain poorly characterized. Here, we reveal a new component of the mammalian polyamine transport system using CHO-MG cells, a
Silvia Benito-Kwiecinski et al.
Cell, 184(8), 2084-2102 (2021-03-26)
The human brain has undergone rapid expansion since humans diverged from other great apes, but the mechanism of this human-specific enlargement is still unknown. Here, we use cerebral organoids derived from human, gorilla, and chimpanzee cells to study developmental mechanisms
Thilo Magnus Philipp et al.
Redox biology, 43, 101972-101972 (2021-04-27)
Methanethiol, a gas with the characteristic smell of rotten cabbage, is a product of microbial methionine degradation. In the human body, methanethiol originates primarily from bacteria residing in the lumen of the large intestine. Selenium-binding protein 1 (SELENBP1), a marker
Janis A Müller et al.
Nature communications, 9(1), 2207-2207 (2018-06-09)
Zika virus (ZIKV) causes severe birth defects and can be transmitted via sexual intercourse. Semen from ZIKV-infected individuals contains high viral loads and may therefore serve as an important vector for virus transmission. Here we analyze the effect of semen
Abubakar Wani et al.
Autophagy, 15(10), 1810-1828 (2019-03-22)
Imbalance in production and clearance of amyloid beta (Aβ) is the primary reason for its deposition in Alzheimer disease. Macroautophagy/autophagy is one of the important mechanisms for clearance of both intracellular and extracellular Aβ. Here, through screening, we identified alborixin
Rasha Swadi et al.
BMC cancer, 18(1), 28-28 (2018-01-06)
Neuroblastoma is a paediatric cancer that despite multimodal therapy still has a poor outcome for many patients with high risk tumours. Retinoic acid (RA) promotes differentiation of some neuroblastoma tumours and cell lines, and is successfully used clinically, supporting the
A high-throughput genomic screen identifies a role for the plasmid-borne type II secretion system of Escherichia coli O157:H7 (Sakai) in plant-microbe interactions.
Holmes, et al.
Genomics, 112, 4242-4253 (2021)
Simona Krasnopolsky et al.
PLoS pathogens, 16(9), e1008834-e1008834 (2020-09-22)
Despite the widespread use of anti-retroviral therapy, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) still persists in an infected cell reservoir that harbors transcriptionally silent yet replication-competent proviruses. While significant progress has been made in understanding how the HIV reservoir is established, transcription
M L Alves da Silva et al.
Journal of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine, 9(6), 714-723 (2013-10-25)
Paracrine signalling from chondrocytes has been reported to increase the synthesis and expression of cartilage extracellular matrix (ECM) by stem cells. The use of conditioned medium obtained from chondrocytes for stimulating stem cells chondrogenic differentiation may be a very interesting
Geraldine M Flaujac Lafontaine et al.
Nutrients, 12(5) (2020-05-06)
Prebiotic oligosaccharides are widely used as human and animal feed additives for their beneficial effects on the gut microbiota. However, there are limited data to assess the direct effect of such functional foods on the transcriptome of intestinal epithelial cells.
Ratnasekhar Ch et al.
Nature communications, 12(1), 377-377 (2021-01-17)
Circadian clocks coordinate mammalian behavior and physiology enabling organisms to anticipate 24-hour cycles. Transcription-translation feedback loops are thought to drive these clocks in most of mammalian cells. However, red blood cells (RBCs), which do not contain a nucleus, and cannot
Nicolas Rochereau et al.
Cell reports, 37(7), 110006-110006 (2021-11-18)
Secretory immunoglobulin A (SIgA) can travel to and from the lumen and transport antigen to subepithelial cells. However, IgM can also multimerize into functional secretory component-bound immunoglobulin. While it is already known that both SIgA and SIgM undergo transcytosis to
Cell Culture
Jakoby WB
Methods in Enzymology, 58 (1979)
Silke S Zakrzewski et al.
American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology, 313(6), G537-G548 (2017-09-03)
During the postweaning period, piglets are prone to gastrointestinal infections. The resulting impairment of intestinal barrier function may cause diarrhea associated with growth retardation or even death of piglets. Orally applied Zn is commonly used to prevent and treat diarrhea
Khaled M A Abdel-Raouf et al.
Biology, 10(6) (2021-07-03)
The development of robust skeletal muscle models has been challenging due to the partial recapitulation of human physiology and architecture. Reliable and innovative 3D skeletal muscle models recently described offer an alternative that more accurately captures the in vivo environment
Jonatan Dorca-Arévalo et al.
Veterinary research, 51(1), 27-27 (2020-02-26)
The pore-forming protein epsilon toxin (Etx) from Clostridium perfringens produces acute perivascular edema affecting several organs, especially the brain and lungs. Despite the toxin evident effect on microvasculature and endothelial cells, the underlying molecular and cellular mechanisms remain obscure. Moreover
Sunkyung Kim et al.
Immunity, 53(4), 759-774 (2020-08-17)
Development and function of conventional dendritic cell (cDC) subsets, cDC1 and cDC2, depend on transcription factors (TFs) IRF8 and IRF4, respectively. Since IRF8 and IRF4 can each interact with TF BATF3 at AP1-IRF composite elements (AICEs) and with TF PU.1
Satish Patel et al.
Cell metabolism, 29(3), 707-718 (2019-01-15)
GDF15 is an established biomarker of cellular stress. The fact that it signals via a specific hindbrain receptor, GFRAL, and that mice lacking GDF15 manifest diet-induced obesity suggest that GDF15 may play a physiological role in energy balance. We performed
Chia-Yi Chen et al.
Matrix biology : journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology, 70, 84-101 (2018-03-25)
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of irreversible blindness in the elderly population. Variants in the HTRA1-ARMS2 locus have been linked to increased AMD risk. In the present study we investigated the impact of elevated HtrA1 levels on
Jing Liu et al.
Nucleic acid therapeutics, 25(3), 113-120 (2015-03-11)
Single-stranded silencing RNAs (ss-siRNAs) are chemically modified single-stranded oligonucleotides that can function through the cellular RNA interference (RNAi) machinery to modulate gene expression. Because their invention is recent, few studies have appeared describing their use and the potential of ss-siRNAs
Tan Phát Pham et al.
Frontiers in cell and developmental biology, 8, 619079-619079 (2021-01-29)
Aging is accompanied by many physiological changes. These changes can progressively lead to many types of cardiovascular diseases. During this process blood vessels lose their ability to maintain vascular homeostasis, ultimately resulting in hypertension, stroke, or myocardial infarction. Increase in
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Jim Reed et al.
Bio-protocol, 10(9), e3607-e3607 (2021-03-05)
Recognition of antigens by lymphocytes (B, T, and NK) on the surface of an antigen-presenting cell (APC) leads to lymphocyte activation and the formation of an immunological synapse between the lymphocyte and the APC. At the immunological synapse APC membrane
Jonathan A Cohen et al.
Cell, 178(4), 919-932 (2019-07-30)
Cutaneous TRPV1+ neurons directly sense noxious stimuli, inflammatory cytokines, and pathogen-associated molecules and are required for innate immunity against some skin pathogens. Important unanswered questions are whether TRPV1+ neuron activation in isolation is sufficient to initiate innate immune responses and
Marina Natoli et al.
Frontiers in oncology, 11, 644608-644608 (2021-03-23)
Reprogramming tumor infiltrating myeloid cells to elicit pro-inflammatory responses is an exciting therapeutic maneouver to improve anti-tumor responses. We recently demonstrated that a distinct microtubule-targeting drug, plinabulin-a clinical-stage novel agent-modulates dendritic cell maturation and enhances anti-tumor immunity. Here, we investigated
Jakob Kreye et al.
Cell, 183(4), 1058-1069 (2020-10-16)
The emergence of SARS-CoV-2 led to pandemic spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), manifesting with respiratory symptoms and multi-organ dysfunction. Detailed characterization of virus-neutralizing antibodies and target epitopes is needed to understand COVID-19 pathophysiology and guide immunization strategies. Among 598
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