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Koneni V Sashidhara et al.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters, 21(15), 4480-4484 (2011-07-05)
A series of synthesized novel biscoumarin-chalcone hybrids were evaluated for their anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activity. The tested compounds significantly inhibit the carrageenin induced paw oedema in albino rats and also exhibit important scavenging activities. These compounds thus constitute an interesting...
Yasuyuki Ikematsu et al.
Chemical & pharmaceutical bulletin, 63(3), 156-163 (2015-03-12)
The purpose of the present study was to develop orally disintegrating tablets (ODTs) containing fat-soluble drugs that disintegrate rapidly while having appropriate tablet strength. We chose vitamin E (VE) as a model drug; d-α-tocopheryl acetate, as the oily VE (VE-OI)...
Anna Ermund et al.
Clinical and experimental pharmacology & physiology, 42(1), 69-75 (2014-10-15)
Hypertonic saline inhalation has become a cornerstone in the treatment of cystic fibrosis (CF), but its effect on CF mucus is still not understood. In CF, mucus stagnates in the airways, causing mucus plugging, and forming a substrate for bacterial...
Ayşegül Karataş et al.
Acta poloniae pharmaceutica, 70(5), 883-897 (2013-10-24)
The aim of the study was to investigate the physical stability of the semi-solid dispersions into the hard gelatine capsules prepared with Gelucire 44/14, Labrasol and different additives such as microcrystalline cellulose (MCC), mannitol and lactose (alpha-monohydrate) used for enhancing...
Maliha Shaikh et al.
Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry, 442, 24-32 (2015-01-17)
Measurement of intestinal permeability is important in several diseases but currently several methods are employed. We sought to: (1) develop a new GC based method to measure urinary mannitol, lactulose and sucralose to assess regional and total gut permeability; (2)...
Joshua O Sestak et al.
The AAPS journal, 16(6), 1185-1193 (2014-09-07)
Presentation of antigen with immune stimulating "signal" has been a cornerstone of vaccine design for decades. Here, the antigen plus immune "signal" of vaccines is modified to produce antigen-specific immunotherapies (antigen-SITs) that can potentially reprogram the immune response toward tolerance...
Xiaobei Li et al.
Food chemistry, 166, 358-364 (2014-07-24)
The aim of this research was to study effects of drying methods on the tasty compounds of Pleurotus eryngii, a common commercial edible fungus. In order to maximally maintain the taste of P. eryngii, several different drying methods, including hot...
Danilo M Daloso et al.
Plant, cell & environment, 38(11), 2353-2371 (2015-04-15)
Transcriptomic and proteomic studies have improved our knowledge of guard cell function; however, metabolic changes in guard cells remain relatively poorly understood. Here we analysed metabolic changes in guard cell-enriched epidermal fragments from tobacco during light-induced stomatal opening. Increases in...
Stephanie Trend et al.
PloS one, 10(2), e0117038-e0117038 (2015-02-03)
We investigated the levels and antimicrobial activity of antimicrobial proteins and peptides (AMPs) in breast milk consumed by preterm infants, and whether deficiencies of these factors were associated with late-onset neonatal sepsis (LOS), a bacterial infection that frequently occurs in...
Ayumu Ito et al.
Journal of medical microbiology, 64(7), 745-751 (2015-05-03)
The prevalence of community-acquired meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) strains has become a serious problem worldwide. The aim of this study was to investigate the annual transitions of MRSA strains with the CA-MRSA feature, which were identified as SCCmec type IV...
J A Molina et al.
Journal of neural transmission (Vienna, Austria : 1996), 109(7-8), 1035-1044 (2002-07-12)
Thiamine is an essential cofactor for several important enzymes involved in brain oxidative metabolism, such as the alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase complex (KGDHC), pyruvate-dehydrogenase complex (PDHC), and transketolase. Some investigators reported decreased thiamine-diphosphate levels and decreased activities of KGDHC, pyruvate-dehydrogenase complex and...
Anna C Nilsson et al.
Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 59(1), 145-151 (2014-10-22)
Nasal decolonization has a proven effect on the prevention of severe Staphylococcus aureus infections and the control of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA). However, rising rates of resistance to antibiotics highlight the need for new substances for nasal decolonization. LTX-109 is...
Jun Xiao et al.
Nature communications, 5, 4572-4572 (2014-08-06)
Vernalization, sensing of prolonged cold, is important for seasonal flowering in eudicots and monocots. While vernalization silences a repressor (FLC, MADS-box transcription factor) in eudicots, it induces an activator (TaVRN1, an AP1 clade MADS-box transcription factor) in monocots. The mechanism...
Teresa Mairinger et al.
Analytical chemistry, 87(23), 11792-11802 (2015-10-30)
For the first time an analytical work flow based on accurate mass gas chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC-QTOFMS) with chemical ionization for analysis providing a comprehensive picture of (13)C distribution along the primary metabolism is elaborated. The method provides a...
Björn-Hendrik Peters et al.
European journal of pharmaceutics and biopharmaceutics : official journal of Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Pharmazeutische Verfahrenstechnik e.V, 87(2), 347-356 (2014-03-13)
Downscaled freeze-drying was demonstrated to be a valuable alternative for formulation development and optimization. Although the pore structure is known to exert a major influence on the freeze-drying cycle, little is known about the ones of microscale preparations. This study...
Yoshinori Tsuji et al.
Marine biotechnology (New York, N.Y.), 17(4), 428-440 (2015-04-16)
The bloom-forming coccolithophore Emiliania huxleyi (Haptophyta) is a dominant marine phytoplankton, cells of which are covered with calcareous plates (coccoliths). E. huxleyi produces unique lipids of C37-C40 long-chain ketones (alkenones) with two to four trans-unsaturated bonds, β-glucan (but not α-glucan)...
Ben Libberton et al.
Infection and immunity, 82(9), 3811-3815 (2014-07-02)
Nasal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus is a risk factor for infection, yet the bacterial determinants required for carriage are poorly defined. Interactions between S. aureus and other members of the bacterial flora may determine colonization and have been inferred in...
Regina Scherließ et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 479(2), 408-415 (2015-01-18)
In this study three different dry powder vaccine formulations containing the model antigen ovalbumin were evaluated for their immune effects after nasal administration to C57Bl/6 mice in an adoptive cell transfer model. The formulations were chitosan nanoparticles in a mannitol...
Weverton M Luchi et al.
American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology, 309(3), R215-R222 (2015-06-05)
Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) is widespread in the general population. Iodinated (IC) or gadolinium-based contrast media (Gd) may decrease renal function in high-risk patients. This study tested the hypothesis that VDD is a predisposing factor for IC- or Gd-induced nephrotoxicity....
Valerio Leoni et al.
Clinical chemistry and laboratory medicine, 42(2), 186-191 (2004-04-06)
24S-Hydroxycholesterol (24OHC) and 27-hydroxycholesterol (27OHC) are two structurally similar oxysterols of different origins--the former almost exclusively formed in the brain and the latter formed to a lesser extent in the brain than in most other organs. HYPOTHESIS TO BE TESTED:...
J-S Song et al.
Allergy, 70(6), 674-681 (2015-02-24)
Periostin is a matricellular protein, and its synthesis in airway epithelial cells and lung fibroblasts is induced by interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-13. The significance of periostin as a biomarker of TH 2-induced airway inflammation, and (importantly) as a measure of...
Reiko Ban-Ishihara et al.
FEBS letters, 589(20 Pt B), 3126-3132 (2015-09-12)
Mitochondria are dynamic organelles that alter their morphology in response to cellular signaling and differentiation through balanced fusion and fission. In this study, we found that the mitochondrial inner membrane ATPase ATAD3A interacted with ccdc56/MITRAC12/COA3, a subunit of the cytochrome...
Evangelia Daviskas et al.
Expert review of respiratory medicine, 7(1), 65-75 (2013-02-01)
Insufficient hydration at the airway surface can make mucus adherent and poorly cleared. Cough, the major mechanism of mucus clearance in disease, is ineffective when mucus is adhesive. Inhaled mannitol creates an osmotic drive for water to move into the...
Oleksii A Skorokhod et al.
Free radical biology & medicine, 75, 210-221 (2014-07-16)
Natural hemozoin, nHZ, is avidly phagocytosed in vivo and in vitro by human monocytes. The persistence of the undigested β-hematin core of nHZ in the phagocyte lysosome for long periods of time modifies several cellular immune functions. Here we show...
[Left-sided hemiparesis in a diabetic patient: chronic granulomatous encephalitis due to Acanthamoeba].
M J Blanco-Vidal et al.
Revista de neurologia, 56(3), 187-188 (2013-01-30)
Berenice Fernández-Rojas et al.
Molecular and cellular biochemistry, 406(1-2), 183-197 (2015-05-15)
The potential of C-phycocyanin (C-PC) to prevent cisplatin (CP)-induced kidney mitochondrial dysfunction was determined in CD-1 male mice. The CP-induced mitochondrial dysfunction was characterized by ultrastructural abnormalities and by decrease in the following parameters in isolated kidney mitochondria: adenosine diphosphate...
Nageena Zahid et al.
Applied microbiology and biotechnology, 99(13), 5511-5521 (2015-05-16)
Gluconobacter oxydans is an industrially important bacterium owing to its regio- and enantio-selective incomplete oxidation of various sugars, alcohols, and polyols. The complete genome sequence is available, but it is still unknown how the organism adapts to highly osmotic sugar-rich...
Anna Roca et al.
BMC pregnancy and childbirth, 15, 302-302 (2015-11-21)
Neonatal deaths, estimated at approximately 4 million annually, now account for almost 40% of global mortality in children aged under-five. Bacterial sepsis is a leading cause of neonatal mortality. Assuming the mother is the main source for bacterial transmission to...
L N Moro et al.
Reproduction in domestic animals = Zuchthygiene, 50(5), 849-857 (2015-09-04)
The aim of this study was to evaluate three different cloning strategies in the domestic cat (Felis silvestris) and to use the most efficient to generate wild felid embryos by interspecific cloning (iSCNT) using Bengal (a hybrid formed by the...
Alessandro Mereu et al.
BMC veterinary research, 11, 274-274 (2015-10-30)
Previous work showed that weaning stress causes gut barrier dysfunction partly by triggering the release of corticotropin releasing factor (CRF) and thereby inducing the degranulation of intestinal mast cell (MC). This study investigated the hypothesis that attenuating the weaning-induced activation...
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