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Monophosphothreonyl extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1 and 2 (ERK1/2) are formed endogenously in intact cardiac myocytes and are enzymically active.
Sugden PH, et al.
Cellular Signalling, 23(2), 468-477 (2011)
Ryan D Bickel et al.
EvoDevo, 4(1), 10-10 (2013-04-05)
In most species of aphid, female nymphs develop into either sexual or asexual adults depending on the length of the photoperiod to which their mothers were exposed. The progeny of these sexual and asexual females, in turn, develop in dramatically
Vincent Stepanik et al.
Current biology : CB, 30(16), 3141-3153 (2020-07-04)
Most fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) function as receptor ligands through their conserved FGF domain, but sequences outside this domain vary and are not well studied. This core domain of 120 amino acids (aa) is flanked in all FGFs by highly
François Sipieter et al.
iScience, 24(9), 103074-103074 (2021-09-28)
ERK1/2 involvement in cell death remains unclear, although many studies have demonstrated the importance of ERK1/2 dynamics in determining cellular responses. To untangle how ERK1/2 contributes to two cell death programs, we investigated ERK1/2 signaling dynamics during hFasL-induced apoptosis and
Markus Alexander Doll et al.
Genetics, 213(1), 173-194 (2019-07-13)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) associate with argonaute (AGO) proteins to post-transcriptionally modulate the expression of genes involved in various cellular processes. Herein, we show that loss of the Caenorhabditis elegans AGO gene alg-2 results in rapid and significantly increased germ cell apoptosis
A M Maillard et al.
Molecular psychiatry, 20(1), 140-147 (2014-11-26)
Anatomical structures and mechanisms linking genes to neuropsychiatric disorders are not deciphered. Reciprocal copy number variants at the 16p11.2 BP4-BP5 locus offer a unique opportunity to study the intermediate phenotypes in carriers at high risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD)
Ramon Martinez et al.
The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics, 376(1), 84-97 (2020-10-29)
Constitutively active extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) 1/2 signaling promotes cancer cell proliferation and survival. We previously described a class of compounds containing a 1,1-dioxido-2,5-dihydrothiophen-3-yl 4-benzenesulfonate scaffold that targeted ERK2 substrate docking sites and selectively inhibited ERK1/2-dependent functions, including activator protein-1-mediated
Javier Milara et al.
Respiratory research, 19(1), 226-226 (2018-11-22)
Lung inflammation in COPD is poorly controlled by inhaled corticosteroids (ICS). Strategies to improve ICS efficacy or the search of biomarkers who may select those patients candidates to receive ICS in COPD are needed. Recent data indicate that MUC1 cytoplasmic
Hadas Bar-Joseph et al.
Reproductive biomedicine online, 41(2), 335-342 (2020-06-14)
Does recombinant pigment epithelium derived factor (PEDF) have potential in treating uterine fibroids? In-vitro models that used human leiomyoma and Eker rat uterine leiomyoma (ELT-3) cell lines. The ELT-3 cell line was used to examine cellular targets after adding recombinant
The mitogen-activated protein kinase signal transduction pathway.
R J Davis
The Journal of biological chemistry, 268(20), 14553-14556 (1993-07-15)
ERK1 and ERK2 map kinases: specific roles or functional redundancy?
Pouyssegur J and Lenormand P
Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology, 4, 53-53 (2016)
R Seger et al.
FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, 9(9), 726-735 (1995-06-01)
The transmission of extracellular signals into their intracellular targets is mediated by a network of interacting proteins that regulate a large number of cellular processes. Cumulative efforts from many laboratories over the past decade have allowed the elucidation of one
J Han et al.
Science (New York, N.Y.), 265(5173), 808-811 (1994-08-05)
Mammalian cells respond to endotoxic lipopolysaccharide (LPS) by activation of protein kinase cascades that lead to new gene expression. A protein kinase, p38, that was tyrosine phosphorylated in response to LPS, was cloned. The p38 enzyme and the product of
Miki Tokuoka et al.
Development (Cambridge, England), 145(11) (2018-05-17)
The transcriptional repressor Snail is required for proper differentiation of the tail muscle of ascidian tadpole larvae. Two muscle lineages (B5.1 and B6.4) contribute to the anterior tail muscle cells, and are consecutively separated from a transcriptionally quiescent germ cell
Roy Kalfon et al.
PloS one, 14(2), e0213081-e0213081 (2019-03-01)
c-Jun dimerization protein (JDP2) and Activating Transcription Factor 3 (ATF3) are closely related basic leucine zipper proteins. Transgenic mice with cardiac expression of either JDP2 or ATF3 showed maladaptive remodeling and cardiac dysfunction. Surprisingly, JDP2 knockout (KO) did not protect
Tamar Eigler et al.
Developmental cell, 56(24), 3349-3363 (2021-12-22)
Myoblast fusion is essential for muscle development and regeneration. Yet, it remains poorly understood how mononucleated myoblasts fuse with preexisting fibers. We demonstrate that ERK1/2 inhibition (ERKi) induces robust differentiation and fusion of primary mouse myoblasts through a linear pathway
Christian Schröter et al.
Development (Cambridge, England), 142(24), 4205-4216 (2015-10-30)
Intracellular transcriptional regulators and extracellular signaling pathways together regulate the allocation of cell fates during development, but how their molecular activities are integrated to establish the correct proportions of cells with particular fates is not known. Here we study this
Alberto Stolfi et al.
Development (Cambridge, England), 138(24), 5429-5439 (2011-11-24)
The motor ganglion (MG) controls the rhythmic swimming behavior of the Ciona intestinalis tadpole. Despite its cellular simplicity (five pairs of neurons), the MG exhibits conservation of transcription factor expression with the spinal cord of vertebrates. Evidence is presented that
Yiyun Zhou et al.
Development (Cambridge, England), 146(2) (2019-01-12)
Pleiotropic signaling pathways must somehow engender specific cellular responses. In the Drosophila mesoderm, Ras pathway signaling specifies muscle founder cells from among the broader population of myoblasts. For somatic muscles, this is an inductive process mediated by the ETS-domain downstream
Jose Raul Gonzalez-Garcia et al.
Journal of cell science, 127(Pt 12), 2749-2760 (2014-04-18)
Egg activation at fertilization in mammals is initiated by prolonged Ca(2+) oscillations that trigger the completion of meiosis and formation of pronuclei. A fall in mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) activity is essential for pronuclear formation, but the precise timing and
Quanxi Li et al.
Endocrinology, 157(5), 1764-1774 (2016-03-30)
Environmental and occupational exposure to bisphenol A (BPA), a chemical widely used in polycarbonate plastics and epoxy resins, has received much attention in female reproductive health due to its widespread toxic effects. Although BPA has been linked to infertility and
Natalie Lerner et al.
PloS one, 9(11), e112259-e112259 (2014-11-13)
It is assumed that the non-pigmented ciliary epithelium plays a role in regulating intraocular pressure via its neuroendocrine activities. To test this hypothesis, we investigated the effect on a human trabecular meshwork (TM) cell line (NTM) of co-culture with a
Patrick J Maier et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 289(18), 12896-12907 (2014-03-29)
Cerebral ischemia frequently leads to long-term disability and death. Excitotoxicity is believed to be the main cause for ischemia-induced neuronal death. Although a role of glutamate receptors in this process has been firmly established, the contribution of metabotropic GABAB receptors
Marcel Schilling et al.
Molecular systems biology, 5, 334-334 (2009-12-24)
Cell fate decisions are regulated by the coordinated activation of signalling pathways such as the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) cascade, but contributions of individual kinase isoforms are mostly unknown. By combining quantitative data from erythropoietin-induced pathway activation in primary erythroid
Bafetinib inhibits functional responses of human eosinophils in vitro.
Milara J, et al.
European Journal of Pharmacology, 715(1-3), 172-180 (2013)
Franziska Altmüller et al.
PLoS genetics, 13(3), e1006684-e1006684 (2017-03-28)
Noonan syndrome (NS) is characterized by reduced growth, craniofacial abnormalities, congenital heart defects, and variable cognitive deficits. NS belongs to the RASopathies, genetic conditions linked to mutations in components and regulators of the Ras signaling pathway. Approximately 50% of NS
Felix Stark et al.
Cellular signalling, 23(5), 876-882 (2011-01-26)
MAPK signalling is a complex process not only requiring the core components Raf, MEK and Erk, but also many proteins like the scaffold protein KSR and several kinases to specifically localize, modulate and fine-tune the outcome of the pathway in
Han Bao et al.
Oncology letters, 14(3), 2831-2837 (2017-09-21)
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) serve an important role in numerous human diseases, including cancer. Abnormal expression of lncRNAs has been associated with a number of tumor types; however, the underlying mechanisms through which lncRNA functions have yet to be elucidated.
Gail Doughton et al.
PloS one, 9(4), e95434-e95434 (2014-04-23)
The primitive endoderm arises from the inner cell mass during mammalian pre-implantation development. It faces the blastocoel cavity and later gives rise to the extraembryonic parietal and visceral endoderm. Here, we investigate a key step in primitive endoderm development, the
Javier Milara et al.
Pulmonary pharmacology & therapeutics, 28(2), 138-148 (2014-02-15)
Epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) is under discussion as a potential mechanism of small airway remodelling in COPD. In bronchial epithelium of COPD and smokers markers of EMT were described. In vitro, EMT may be reproduced by exposing well-differentiated human bronchial
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