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Narsis Daftarian et al.
FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, 34(6), 8001-8011 (2020-04-26)
Macrophages are the main infiltrating immune cells in choroidal neovascularization (CNV), a hallmark of the human wet, or neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Due to their plasticity and ability to adapt to the local microenvironment in a tissue-dependent manner, macrophages
Peng He et al.
Oncology letters, 20(4), 97-97 (2020-08-25)
Long non-coding RNA colon cancer associated transcript 2 (CCAT2) is dysregulated in a number of different types of human cancer, and affects cancer progression via the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. However, the roles of CCAT2 and the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway in
Marco Monroy et al.
Development (Cambridge, England), 147(21) (2020-03-20)
Bones do not normally have lymphatics. However, individuals with generalized lymphatic anomaly (GLA) or Gorham-Stout disease (GSD) develop ectopic lymphatics in bone. Despite growing interest in the development of tissue-specific lymphatics, the cellular origin of bone lymphatic endothelial cells (bLECs)
Tomoatsu Ikeya et al.
Proceedings. Biological sciences, 276(1674), 3799-3807 (2009-08-21)
Insulin/IGF-like signalling (IIS) is an evolutionarily conserved pathway that has diverse functions in multi-cellular organisms. Mutations that reduce IIS can have pleiotropic effects on growth, development, metabolic homeostasis, fecundity, stress resistance and lifespan. IIS is also modified by extrinsic factors.
Qianfa Long et al.
Aging and disease, 8(3), 301-313 (2017-06-06)
GABAergic neuronal cell grafting has promise for treating a multitude of neurological disorders including epilepsy, age-related memory dysfunction, Alzheimer's disease and schizophrenia. However, identification of an unlimited source of GABAergic cells is critical for advancing such therapies. Our previous study
Luigi Sapio et al.
Journal of cellular physiology, 235(4), 3741-3752 (2019-10-12)
Osteosarcoma (OS) is a very aggressive metastatic pediatric and adolescent tumor. Due to its recurrent development of chemotherapy resistance, clinical outcome for OS patients remains poor. Therefore, discovering more effective anticancer agents is needed. Chlorogenic acid (CGA) is a phenolic
Benu Brata Das et al.
The EMBO journal, 28(23), 3667-3680 (2009-10-24)
Human tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterase (TDP1) hydrolyzes the phosphodiester bond at a DNA 3' end linked to a tyrosyl moiety. This type of linkage is found at stalled topoisomerase I (Top1)-DNA covalent complexes, and TDP1 has been implicated in the repair of
Fernando P Dominici et al.
British journal of pharmacology, 177(20), 4766-4781 (2020-08-28)
The AT2 receptor plays a role in metabolism by opposing the actions triggered by the AT1 receptors. Activation of AT2 receptors has been shown to enhance insulin sensitivity in both normal and insulin resistance animal models. In this study, we
Anna C Pfalzer et al.
Metallomics : integrated biometal science, 12(7), 1118-1130 (2020-05-19)
Manganese (Mn) is an essential micronutrient required for the proper function of several enzymes. Accumulating evidence demonstrates a selective decrease of bioavailable Mn in vulnerable cell types of Huntington's Disease (HD), an inherited progressive neurodegenerative disorder with no cure. Amelioration
Huan Long et al.
BMC neuroscience, 12, 17-17 (2011-02-08)
Disabled-1 (Dab1) is an adaptor protein that is essential for the intracellular transduction of Reelin signaling, which regulates the migration and differentiation of postmitotic neurons during brain development in vertebrates. Dab1 function depends on its tyrosine phosphorylation by Src family
Rita Ferreira et al.
International journal of molecular sciences, 20(1) (2019-01-04)
Cardiac dysfunction secondary to cancer may exert a negative impact in patients' tolerance to therapeutics, quality of life, and survival. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential therapeutic effect of exercise training on the heart in the
Valentina Latina et al.
International journal of molecular sciences, 22(22) (2021-11-28)
Tau cleavage plays a crucial role in the onset and progression of Alzheimer's Disease (AD), a widespread neurodegenerative disease whose incidence is expected to increase in the next years. While genetic and familial forms of AD (fAD) occurring early in
Tara C Smith et al.
Skeletal muscle, 12(1), 2-2 (2022-01-24)
The sarcoglycan complex (SC) is part of a network that links the striated muscle cytoskeleton to the basal lamina across the sarcolemma. The SC coordinates changes in phosphorylation and Ca++-flux during mechanical deformation, and these processes are disrupted with loss-of-function
Kevin Thurley et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 114(7), 1572-1577 (2017-02-06)
Circadian rhythms govern multiple aspects of animal metabolism. Transcriptome-, proteome- and metabolome-wide measurements have revealed widespread circadian rhythms in metabolism governed by a cellular genetic oscillator, the circadian core clock. However, it remains unclear if and under which conditions transcriptional
Caline S Karam et al.
PLoS genetics, 6(6), e1000975-e1000975 (2010-06-10)
Post-translational modifications of histone proteins modulate the binding of transcription regulators to chromatin. Studies in Drosophila have shown that the phosphorylation of histone H3 at Ser10 (H3S10ph) by JIL-1 is required specifically during early transcription elongation. 14-3-3 proteins bind H3
Jacqueline M Bliley et al.
Science translational medicine, 13(603) (2021-07-23)
The role that mechanical forces play in shaping the structure and function of the heart is critical to understanding heart formation and the etiology of disease but is challenging to study in patients. Engineered heart tissues (EHTs) incorporating human induced
Xiang Lin et al.
International journal of biological sciences, 7(8), 1114-1121 (2011-09-20)
Although the fibroblast growth factor (FGF) signaling axis plays important roles in cell survival, proliferation, and differentiation, the molecular mechanism underlying how the FGF elicits these diverse regulatory signals is not well understood. By using the Frs2α null mouse embryonic
G Wigerblad et al.
Experimental neurology, 293, 144-158 (2017-04-17)
Peripheral inflammation induces sensitization of nociceptive spinal cord neurons. Both spinal tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and neuronal membrane insertion of Ca2+ permeable AMPA receptor (AMPAr) contribute to spinal sensitization and resultant pain behavior, molecular mechanisms connecting these two events have
Cathrin Schulz et al.
PloS one, 6(6), e20820-e20820 (2011-06-23)
Dominant mutations in the leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) gene are the most prevalent cause of Parkinson's disease, however, little is known about the biological function of LRRK2 protein. LRRK2 is expressed in neural precursor cells suggesting a role in
Josiah V Dungwa et al.
BMC cancer, 11, 390-390 (2011-09-14)
Overexpression of carbonic anhydrase (CA IX) is associated with poor survival in several adult-type cancers but its expression is undocumented in Wilms tumour (WT), the most common tumour of the paediatric kidney. CA9 expression was measured using polymerase chain reaction
Annette Kaiser et al.
Amino acids, 52(5), 693-710 (2020-05-06)
In this study, a determination of Troponin I and creatine kinase activity in whole-blood samples in a cohort of 100 small infants in the age of 2-5 years from Uganda with complicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria suggests the prevalence of cardiac symptoms
Marie Angele Cucci et al.
Free radical biology & medicine, 141, 205-219 (2019-06-18)
The transcriptional regulator YAP plays an important role in cancer progression and is negatively controlled by the Hippo pathway. YAP is frequently overexpressed in human cancers, including bladder cancer. Interestingly, YAP expression and activity can be inhibited by pro-oxidant conditions;
Class III β-tubulin expression and in vitro resistance to microtubule targeting agents.
Stengel C, et al.
British Journal of Cancer, 102(2), 316-316 (2010)
Robert Dalton et al.
International journal of molecular sciences, 22(3) (2021-01-31)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are professional antigen presenting cells with a great capacity for cross-presentation of exogenous antigens from which robust anti-tumor immune responses ensue. However, this function is not always available and requires DCs to first be primed to induce
Shannon Compton et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 286(23), 20297-20312 (2011-04-20)
Recently, mitochondria have been suggested to act in tumor suppression. However, the underlying mechanisms by which mitochondria suppress tumorigenesis are far from being clear. In this study, we have investigated the link between mitochondrial dysfunction and the tumor suppressor protein
Matthew Cannon et al.
Journal of clinical medicine, 9(7) (2020-07-28)
Sickle-cell disease (SCD) is a debilitating hematological disorder with very few approved treatment options. Therapeutic reactivation of fetal hemoglobin (HbF) is one of the most pursued methods for ameliorating the systemic manifestations of SCD. Despite this, very few pharmacological agents
Ji-Eun Ra et al.
Food chemistry, 317, 126388-126388 (2020-02-23)
Policosanols is a health promoting aliphatic alcohol known as lipid-lowing agent. To enable maximising the functional properties of wheat, this research investigates the policosanol profiles and adenosine 5'-monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activation potential of Korean wheat seedlings according to cultivars
Ilaria Barone et al.
Molecular neurobiology, 55(12), 9267-9279 (2018-04-18)
Hypothalamic proopiomelanocortin (POMC) neurons are important players in the regulation of energy homeostasis; we previously demonstrated that environmental stimulation excites arcuate nucleus circuits to undergo plastic remodeling, leading to altered ratio between excitatory and inhibitory synaptic contacts on these neurons.
Masayuki Kaneko et al.
Journal of neuroscience research, 93(2), 370-379 (2014-10-07)
The loss of homeostasis of essential metals is associated with various diseases, including neurodegenerative diseases. Previous studies have shown that the levels of zinc (Zn) are significantly higher in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Zn
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