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Ting Xu et al.
Journal of leukocyte biology, 84(4), 1192-1201 (2008-07-26)
Recruitment of leukocytes onto inflamed tissues is an important physiological event, in which L-selectin plays an essential role in initial leukocyte capture and at the same time, triggers cell signaling. Lck is a member of the Src family of protein
Jenni M Laitila et al.
Acta neuropathologica communications, 8(1), 18-18 (2020-02-19)
Nemaline myopathy (NM) caused by mutations in the gene encoding nebulin (NEB) accounts for at least 50% of all NM cases worldwide, representing a significant disease burden. Most NEB-NM patients have autosomal recessive disease due to a compound heterozygous genotype.
Aman Kumar et al.
Cell host & microbe, 28(1), 41-53 (2020-06-11)
The gut-brain axis is crucial to microbial-host interactions. The neurotransmitter serotonin is primarily synthesized in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, where it is secreted into the lumen and subsequently removed by the serotonin transporter, SERT. Here, we show that serotonin decreases
Jun Li et al.
EBioMedicine, 40, 43-55 (2019-01-15)
Hepatic fibrosis is caused by chronic liver injury and may progress toward liver cirrhosis, and even hepatocellular carcinoma. However, current treatment is not satisfactory. Therefore, there is a mandate to find novel therapeutic targets to improve therapy, and biomarkers to
Zhiwen Yang et al.
Frontiers in pharmacology, 11, 1206-1206 (2020-09-26)
Graphene, known as "black gold", has important applications in various fields. In previous studies, it has been proved that graphene oxide (GO) which is a derivative of graphene has low toxicity. However, the immunotoxicity of GO has not been fully
Timothée Vignaud et al.
Nature materials, 20(3), 410-420 (2020-10-21)
Contractile actomyosin networks are responsible for the production of intracellular forces. There is increasing evidence that bundles of actin filaments form interconnected and interconvertible structures with the rest of the network. In this study, we explored the mechanical impact of
Leena Sapra et al.
Frontiers in immunology, 12, 691081-691081 (2021-07-20)
Increasing evidence in recent years has suggested that regulatory B cells (Bregs) are one of the crucial modulators in various inflammatory disease conditions. However, no study to date has investigated the significance of Bregs in modulating osteoclastogenesis. To the best
Qi Lei et al.
The Journal of physiology, 592(14), 3013-3030 (2014-05-08)
The mechanisms of mechanosensitivity underlying the response of the human bladder to stretch are poorly understood. Animal data suggest that stretch-activated two-pore-domain (K2P) K(+) channels play a critical role in bladder relaxation during the filling phase. The objective of this
Natsumi Kawasaki et al.
Cell discovery, 4, 1-1 (2018-02-10)
The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway is commonly activated in human cancers. The activity of mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1) signaling is supported by the intracellular positioning of cellular compartments and vesicle trafficking, regulated by Rab GTPases. Here we showed
Kahia Messaoudi et al.
Nature communications, 8(1), 1786-1786 (2017-11-28)
Thrombocytopenia is a major side effect of a new class of anticancer agents that target histone deacetylase (HDAC). Their mechanism is poorly understood. Here, we show that HDAC6 inhibition and genetic knockdown lead to a strong decrease in human proplatelet
Miaomiao Han et al.
Neuroscience letters, 600, 164-170 (2015-06-15)
Polybrene is widely used to enhance viral transduction; however, little is known about the utility thereof, in enhancing lentiviral transduction of cochlear cells. In the present study, we examined the cytotoxic effects of polybrene, and the further effects thereof, on
Nesrine Bouhrira et al.
Biofabrication, 12(2), 025020-025020 (2019-11-19)
The effect of disturbed flow profiles on the endothelium have been studied extensively in systemic vasculature, but less is known about the response of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) to these flow regimes. Here we investigate the effect of disturbed flow
Hao Yuan Kueh et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 105(43), 16531-16536 (2008-10-22)
We report here that actin filaments in vitro exist in two populations with significantly different shrinkage rates. Newly polymerized filaments shrink rapidly, primarily from barbed ends, at 1.8/s, but as they age they switch to a stable state that shrinks
Na N Guan et al.
British journal of pharmacology, 172(16), 4024-4037 (2015-04-29)
We have described a urothelium-dependent release of PGD2 -like activity which had inhibitory effects on the motility of guinea pig urinary bladder. Here, we have pharmacologically characterized the receptors involved and localized the sites of PGD2 formation and of its
Zhilong Wang et al.
Cell death & disease, 12(4), 387-387 (2021-04-14)
Decidualization is a complex process involving cellular proliferation and differentiation of the endometrial stroma and is required to establish and support pregnancy. Dysregulated decidualization has been reported to be a critical cause of recurrent implantation failure (RIF). In this study
Alena-Svenja Wagner et al.
Biomedical materials (Bristol, England), 12(4), 045003-045003 (2017-04-21)
Herein, we aim to elucidate osteogenic effects of two silica-based xerogels with different degrees of bioactivity on human bone-derived mesenchymal stromal cells by means of scanning electron microscopy, quantitative PCR enhanced osteogenic effects and the formation of an extracellular matrix
Yan-Chao Li et al.
The journal of histochemistry and cytochemistry : official journal of the Histochemistry Society, 57(8), 741-751 (2009-04-15)
The organization of F-actin in the ventricular system has been reported to display pronounced regional differences with respect to shape, size, and development. However, the real roles played by F-actin in these cells cannot be understood unless the precise localization
Paulina Nastały et al.
Nature communications, 11(1), 2122-2122 (2020-05-03)
Cell polarity refers to the intrinsic asymmetry of cells, including the orientation of the cytoskeleton. It affects cell shape and structure as well as the distribution of proteins and organelles. In migratory cells, front-rear polarity is essential and dictates movement
Oscar Castaño et al.
Frontiers in bioengineering and biotechnology, 9, 627805-627805 (2021-04-09)
(Following spinal cord injury, olfactory ensheathing cell (OEC) transplantation is a promising therapeutic approach in promoting functional improvement. Some studies report that the migratory properties of OECs are compromised by inhibitory molecules and potentiated by chemical concentration differences. Here we
Andrea Palamidessi et al.
Nature materials, 18(11), 1252-1263 (2019-07-25)
During wound repair, branching morphogenesis and carcinoma dissemination, cellular rearrangements are fostered by a solid-to-liquid transition, known as unjamming. The biomolecular machinery behind unjamming and its pathophysiological relevance remain, however, unclear. Here, we study unjamming in a variety of normal
Jessica Bouvière et al.
Tissue engineering. Part A, 25(23-24), 1667-1676 (2019-05-08)
Although skeletal muscle is capable of complete recovery after an injury, specific situations require support or acceleration of this process, such as in the elderly and athletes, respectively. Skeletal muscle regeneration is due to muscle stem cells (MuSCs) that undergo
John Ong et al.
Scientific reports, 10(1), 12429-12429 (2020-07-28)
Albumin-based hydrogels are increasingly attractive in tissue engineering because they provide a xeno-free, biocompatible and potentially patient-specific platform for tissue engineering and drug delivery. The majority of research on albumin hydrogels has focused on bovine serum albumin (BSA), leaving human
Francesca Farina et al.
The EMBO journal, 38(11) (2019-04-25)
Cells going through mitosis undergo precisely timed changes in cell shape and organisation, which serve to ensure the fair partitioning of cellular components into the two daughter cells. These structural changes are driven by changes in actin filament and microtubule
Xi Cheng et al.
Reproductive biology and endocrinology : RB&E, 15(1), 42-42 (2017-06-05)
A receptive endometrium is essential for maternal-embryonic molecular communication during implantation. However, the specific molecular regulatory mechanisms of the endometrial capacity remain poorly understood. Here, we examined activating transcription factor 3 (ATF3) expression in human endometria and the functional effect
Quan Liu et al.
Nanoscale, 12(38), 19939-19952 (2020-09-30)
Tumor vaccines are a promising form of cancer immunotherapy, but difficulties such as neo-antigen identification, activation of immune cells, and tumor infiltration prevent their clinical breakthrough. Interestingly, nanotechnology-based photothermal therapy (PTT) has great potential to overcome these barriers. Previous studies
Hong Lu et al.
Toxicological sciences : an official journal of the Society of Toxicology, 103(1), 35-45 (2008-02-26)
The liver-specific importer organic anion transporting polypeptide 1b2 (Oatp1b2, Slco1b2, also known as Oatp4 and Lst-1) and its human orthologs OATP1B1/1B3 transport a large variety of chemicals. Oatp1b2-null mice were engineered by homologous recombination and their phenotype was characterized. Oatp1b2
Hao Hu et al.
Experimental and therapeutic medicine, 21(5), 412-412 (2021-03-23)
Vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP) is essential for osteoclast differentiation, and reduced VASP expression results in depressed osteoclast differentiation. Previously, we demonstrated the importance of VASP and Ras-related C3 botulinum toxin substrate 1 interactions in osteosarcoma cell migration and metastasis using Mg-63
N Craig Carville et al.
Journal of biomedical materials research. Part A, 103(8), 2540-2548 (2014-12-17)
In this work, the influence of substrate surface charge on in vitro osteoblast cell proliferation on ferroelectric lithium niobate (LN) crystal surfaces is investigated. LN has a spontaneous polarization along the z-axis and is thus characterized by positive and negative
Timothy H Scott-Taylor et al.
Clinical immunology (Orlando, Fla.), 175, 1-9 (2016-11-20)
Peripheral monocytes from patients with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) had on average a 2 fold greater tendency to form giant cells in medium without additional cytokines. Giant cell formation was faster and 3 to 5 fold higher in most CVID
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