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PHG0001

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Shu-Ichi Nakano et al.
FEBS open bio, 4, 643-650 (2014-08-28)
Nucleic acids are useful for biomedical targeting and sensing applications in which the molecular environment is different from that of a dilute aqueous solution. In this study, the influence of various types of mixed solutions of water and water-soluble organic
Justin P Dassie et al.
Molecular therapy : the journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy, 22(11), 1910-1922 (2014-06-24)
Cell-targeted therapies (smart drugs), which selectively control cancer cell progression with limited toxicity to normal cells, have been developed to effectively treat some cancers. However, many cancers such as metastatic prostate cancer (PC) have yet to be treated with current
Madiha Derouazi et al.
Cancer research, 75(15), 3020-3031 (2015-06-28)
Vaccines that can coordinately induce multi-epitope T cell-mediated immunity, T helper functions, and immunologic memory may offer effective tools for cancer immunotherapy. Here, we report the development of a new class of recombinant protein cancer vaccines that deliver different CD8(+)
Ke Qian et al.
Neurochemical research, 39(7), 1206-1218 (2014-04-03)
Citicoline, a natural compound that functions as an intermediate in the biosynthesis of cell membrane phospholipids, is essential for membrane integrity and repair. It has been reported to protect brain against trauma. This study was designed to investigate the protective
Do-Yoon Kim et al.
Pharmaceutical biology, 53(5), 725-734 (2014-10-22)
Chrysanthemum boreale Makino (Compositae) (CBM) is a traditional medicine that has been used for the prevention or treatment of various disorders; it has various properties including antioxidation, anti-inflammation, and antitumor. The present study was designed to explore the in vitro
Diego Zanolini et al.
Haematologica, 100(7), 881-892 (2015-04-26)
A large fraction of factor VIII in blood originates from liver sinusoidal endothelial cells although extrahepatic sources also contribute to plasma factor VIII levels. Identification of cell-types other than endothelial cells with the capacity to synthesize and release factor VIII
Zheng Shi et al.
Nature communications, 6, 5974-5974 (2015-01-09)
Endocytosis is a ubiquitous eukaryotic membrane budding, vesiculation and internalization process fulfilling numerous roles including compensation of membrane area increase after bursts of exocytosis. The mechanism of the coupling between these two processes to enable homeostasis is not well understood.
Tae Hoon Kwon et al.
Molecules and cells, 38(7), 616-623 (2015-05-28)
P2 receptors are membrane-bound receptors for extracellular nucleotides such as ATP and UTP. P2 receptors have been classified as ligand-gated ion channels or P2X receptors and G protein-coupled P2Y receptors. Recently, purinergic signaling has begun to attract attention as a
S J Han et al.
Cell death & disease, 6, e1863-e1863 (2015-08-28)
High-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) functions as a transcription-enhancing nuclear protein as well as a crucial cytokine that regulates inflammation. This study demonstrated that secretion of HMGB1 due to ultraviolet (UV) radiation inducing ocular surface inflammation-mediated reactive oxygen species (ROS)
Marcela Valdés-Tovar et al.
Chronobiology international, 32(2), 164-177 (2014-09-24)
The light-dark cycle is an environmental factor that influences immune physiology, and so, variations of the photoperiod length result in altered immune responsivity. Macrophage physiology comprises a spectrum of functions that goes from host defense to immune down-regulation, in addition
Masamitsu Konno et al.
PloS one, 10(7), e0132789-e0132789 (2015-07-16)
Noncoding microRNAs inhibit translation and lower the transcript stability of coding mRNA, however miR-369 s, in aberrant silencing genomic regions, stabilizes target proteins under cellular stress. We found that in vitro differentiation of embryonic stem cells led to chromatin methylation
Bei-Bei Cao et al.
Journal of neuroimmune pharmacology : the official journal of the Society on NeuroImmune Pharmacology, 10(1), 162-178 (2015-02-05)
We previously have shown that cerebellar fastigial nucleus (FN) modulates immune function, but pathways or mechanisms underlying this immunomodulation require clarification. Herein, an anterograde and retrograde tracing of nerve tracts between the cerebellar FN and hypothalamus/thalamus was performed in rats.
S Schüll et al.
Cell death & disease, 6, e1691-e1691 (2015-03-15)
Although numerous pathogenic changes within the mitochondrial respiratory chain (RC) have been associated with an elevated occurrence of apoptosis within the affected tissues, the mechanistic insight into how mitochondrial dysfunction initiates apoptotic cell death is still unknown. In this study
Nancy L Maas et al.
Cancer biology & therapy, 15(8), 1106-1111 (2014-05-23)
Restriction of nutrients and oxygen in the tumor microenvironment disrupts ER homeostasis and adaptation to such stress is mediated by the key UPR effector PERK. Given its pro-tumorigenic activity, significant efforts have been made to elucidate the molecular mechanisms that
Jose M Jimenez-Guardeño et al.
PLoS pathogens, 11(10), e1005215-e1005215 (2015-10-30)
A SARS-CoV lacking the full-length E gene (SARS-CoV-∆E) was attenuated and an effective vaccine. Here, we show that this mutant virus regained fitness after serial passages in cell culture or in vivo, resulting in the partial duplication of the membrane
Limin Liu et al.
Immunological investigations, 43(7), 693-704 (2014-06-25)
17β-estradiol (E2)-signaling is widely considered to be mediated through the transcription-regulating intracellular estrogen receptor (iER). In this study, using the cell-impermeable E2-BSA, we investigated the nongenomic effects of E2 on the IL-6 production, MAPK and transcription factor activation following LPS
Luigi Strizzi et al.
Oncotarget, 6(33), 34071-34086 (2015-10-16)
Nodal is highly expressed in various human malignancies, thus supporting the rationale for exploring Nodal as a therapeutic target. Here, we describe the effects of a novel monoclonal antibody (mAb), 3D1, raised against human Nodal. In vitro treatment of C8161
Edyta Brzoska et al.
Stem cell research & therapy, 6, 46-46 (2015-04-19)
Understanding the mechanism of stem cell mobilization into injured skeletal muscles is a prerequisite step for the development of muscle disease therapies. Many of the currently studied stem cell types present myogenic potential; however, when introduced either into the blood
Filipe M de Melo et al.
Immunology and cell biology, 93(1), 86-98 (2014-09-17)
Current therapies against malignant melanoma generally fail to increase survival in most patients, and immunotherapy is a promising approach as it could reduce the dosage of toxic therapeutic drugs. In the present study, we show that an immunotherapeutic approach based
S-H Shin et al.
Cell death & disease, 5, e1490-e1490 (2014-10-24)
Methionine sulfoxide reductase A (MSRA) protects proteins from oxidation, and also helps remove reactive oxygen species (ROS) by recovering antioxidant enzymes inactivated by oxidation. Although its functions have been investigated extensively, little is known about the mechanism by which MSRA
Jacqueline Flores-Otero et al.
Nature communications, 5, 4589-4589 (2014-08-02)
G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are the major transducers of external stimuli and key therapeutic targets in many pathological conditions. When activated by different ligands, one receptor can elicit multiple signalling cascades that are mediated by G proteins or β-arrestin, a
Claudine Schlemmer et al.
Chemistry, an Asian journal, 9(8), 2119-2125 (2014-06-04)
Functional mimetics of the sialyl Lewis(X) tetrasaccharide were prepared by the enzymatic sialylation of a 1,3-diglycosylated indole and a glycosyl azide, which was subsequently transformed into a 1,4-diglycosylated 1,2,3-triazole, by using the trans-sialidase of Trypanosoma cruzi. These compounds inhibited the
Sivankutty Indu et al.
Molecular & cellular proteomics : MCP, 14(12), 3185-3195 (2015-10-04)
DYNLT1 is a member of a gene family identified within the t-complex of the mouse, which has been linked with male germ cell development and function in the mouse and the fly. Though defects in the expression of this gene
Satyavati Kharde et al.
Nucleic acids research, 43(14), 7083-7095 (2015-06-29)
The assembly of eukaryotic ribosomes is a hierarchical process involving about 200 biogenesis factors and a series of remodeling steps. The 5S RNP consisting of the 5S rRNA, RpL5 and RpL11 is recruited at an early stage, but has to
Davinia Oltra-Noguera et al.
Journal of pharmacological and toxicological methods, 71, 21-32 (2014-11-30)
In vitro models with high predictive ability have been revealed as strong tools for pharmaceutical industry. However, the variability in permeability estimations complicates the comparison and combination of data from different laboratories and it makes necessary the careful validation of
Lawrence Mok et al.
The Journal of general virology, 96(Pt 7), 1787-1794 (2015-03-10)
In recent years, bats have been identified as a natural reservoir for a diverse range of viruses. Nelson Bay orthoreovirus (NBV) was first isolated from the heart blood of a fruit bat (Pteropus poliocephalus) in 1968. While the pathogenesis of
Judith C A Cluitmans et al.
PloS one, 10(5), e0125580-e0125580 (2015-05-02)
Panthothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration (PKAN) belongs to a group of hereditary neurodegenerative disorders known as neuroacanthocytosis (NA). This genetically heterogeneous group of diseases is characterized by degeneration of neurons in the basal ganglia and by the presence of deformed red blood
Marianne Kramer et al.
BioMed research international, 2015, 208017-208017 (2015-06-20)
CA-125 has been a valuable marker for the follow-up of ovarian cancer patients but it is not sensitive enough to be used as diagnostic marker. We had already used secretomic methods to identify proteins differentially secreted by serous ovarian cancer
Jason M Correnti et al.
American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology, 306(11), G959-G973 (2014-04-20)
Hepatosteatosis, the ectopic accumulation of lipid in the liver, is one of the earliest clinical signs of alcoholic liver disease (ALD). Alcohol-dependent deregulation of liver ceramide levels as well as inhibition of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor
Hao Guo et al.
Cellular immunology, 295(1), 19-28 (2015-03-04)
We expanded flow-sorted Foxp3(+) cynomolgus monkey regulatory T cells (Treg) >1000-fold after three rounds of stimulation with anti-CD3 mAb-loaded artificial antigen-presenting cells, rapamycin (first round only) and IL-2. The expanded Treg maintained their expression of Treg signature markers, CD25, CD27
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