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Lesley A Pearce et al.
Protein expression and purification, 116, 19-29 (2015-07-22)
Hendra virus (family Paramyxoviridae) is a negative sense single-stranded RNA virus (NSRV) which has been found to cause disease in humans, horses, and experimentally in other animals, e.g. pigs and cats. Pteropid bats commonly known as flying foxes have been
Chih-Wen Tseng et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 62(28), 6771-6776 (2014-07-02)
The rare sugar D-psicose possesses several fundamental biological functions. D-Psicose 3-epimerase from Clostridium cellulolyticum (CC-DPEase) has considerable potential for use in D-psicose production. In this study, CC-DPEase was fused to the N terminus of oleosin, a unique structural protein of
Sarbani Mohan et al.
Molecular immunology, 62(1), 249-264 (2014-07-22)
Streptococcus pneumoniae is a Gram-positive bacterium, causing acute sinusitis, otitis media, and severe diseases such as pneumonia, bacteraemia, meningitis and sepsis. Here we identify elongation factor Tu (Tuf) as a new Factor H binding protein of S. pneumoniae. The surface
Shuying Yu et al.
Molecular genetics and genomics : MGG, 290(4), 1277-1285 (2015-01-15)
The myosin essential light chain (ELC) is a structure component of the actomyosin cross-bridge, however, the functions in the central nervous system (CNS) development and regeneration remain poorly understood. Planarian Dugesia japonica has revealed fundamental mechanisms and unique aspects of
Jennifer A Miles et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 290(34), 20995-21006 (2015-07-08)
The Fanconi Anemia (FA) DNA repair pathway is essential for the recognition and repair of DNA interstrand crosslinks (ICL). Inefficient repair of these ICL can lead to leukemia and bone marrow failure. A critical step in the pathway is the
Anika Hense et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 18006-18006 (2015-12-10)
The advancement of far-red emitting variants of the green fluorescent protein (GFP) is crucially important for imaging live cells, tissues and organisms. Despite notable efforts, far-red marker proteins still need further optimization to match the performance of their green counterparts.
Wenshuai Liu et al.
Applied and environmental microbiology, 81(15), 5157-5173 (2015-05-24)
Avermectins produced by Streptomyces avermitilis are commercially important anthelmintic agents. The detailed regulatory mechanisms of avermectin biosynthesis remain unclear. Here, we identified SAV3619, a TetR-family transcriptional regulator designated AveT, to be an activator for both avermectin production and morphological differentiation
Maritta Küspert et al.
RNA (New York, N.Y.), 21(7), 1294-1305 (2015-05-24)
mRNAs are key molecules in gene expression and subject to diverse regulatory events. Regulation is accomplished by distinct sets of trans-acting factors that interact with mRNAs and form defined mRNA-protein complexes (mRNPs). The resulting "mRNP code" determines the fate of
Simone Hanna Brütsch et al.
Antioxidants & redox signaling, 22(4), 281-293 (2014-10-15)
Glutathione peroxidases (Gpx) and lipoxygenases (Alox) are functional counterplayers in the metabolism of hydroperoxy lipids that regulate cellular redox homeostasis. Gpx4 is a moonlighting protein that has been implicated not only as an enzyme in anti-oxidative defense, gene expression regulation
Pankaj Sharma et al.
Biochimie, 112, 139-150 (2015-03-18)
The four known ID proteins (ID1-4, Inhibitor of Differentiation) share a homologous helix loop helix (HLH) domain and act as dominant negative regulators of basic-HLH transcription factors. ID proteins also interact with many non-bHLH proteins in complex networks. The expression
Guolin Ma et al.
Nature communications, 6, 7826-7826 (2015-07-18)
Store-operated Ca(2+) entry mediated by STIM1 and ORAI1 constitutes one of the major Ca(2+) entry routes in mammalian cells. The molecular choreography of STIM1-ORAI1 coupling is initiated by endoplasmic reticulum (ER) Ca(2+) store depletion with subsequent oligomerization of the STIM1
M J Lott et al.
Parasitology research, 114(2), 727-735 (2014-11-25)
Paratrichosoma-associated helminthiasis has been identified in saltwater crocodiles under intensive farming conditions. The development of sustainable integrated management practices is dependent on a detailed understanding of Paratrichosoma population genetics and infection dynamics. This study investigated the genetic relationships of Paratrichosoma
Frédéric Trempe et al.
Nucleic acids research, 43(12), 6084-6098 (2015-05-23)
Human herpesvirus-6A (HHV-6A) and HHV-6B integrate their genomes into the telomeres of human chromosomes, however, the mechanisms leading to integration remain unknown. HHV-6A/B encode a protein that has been proposed to be involved in integration termed U94, an ortholog of
F Ferrara et al.
Letters in applied microbiology, 59(3), 253-262 (2014-05-20)
Several serological diagnostics rely on enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to detect bacterial infections. However, for some pathogens, including Bartonella henselae, diagnosis still depends on manually intensive, time-consuming assays including micro-immunofluorescence, Western blotting or indirect immunofluorescence. For such pathogens, there is
Veronica R Moorman et al.
Journal of molecular biology, 426(21), 3520-3538 (2014-08-12)
Human cell division cycle protein 42 (Cdc42Hs) is a small, Rho-type guanosine triphosphatase involved in multiple cellular processes through its interactions with downstream effectors. The binding domain of one such effector, the actin cytoskeleton-regulating p21-activated kinase 3, is known as
Philipp Kolb et al.
PloS one, 10(9), e0136180-e0136180 (2015-09-10)
Ticks are vectors for various, including pathogenic, microbes. Tick saliva contains multiple anti-host defense factors that enable ticks their bloodmeals yet also facilitate microbe transmission. Lyme disease-causing borreliae profit specifically from the broadly conserved tick histamine release factor (tHRF), and
Mengqiang Wang et al.
Developmental and comparative immunology, 52(2), 192-201 (2015-06-01)
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are among the most studied pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) playing essential roles in innate immune defenses. In the present study, the basic features of CfTLR in mollusk Zhikong scallop Chlamys farreri, including sequence homology, tissue distribution, subcellular
Belén García-Fraga et al.
Bioprocess and biosystems engineering, 38(12), 2477-2486 (2015-10-17)
Enhancing functional gene expression is key to high-level production of active chitinases. For this purpose, the effects of culture cell density, inducer concentration, post-induction time and induction temperatures on the functional expression of two different chitinases (HsChiA1p, a family 18
Su Jung Woo et al.
Journal of the neurological sciences, 358(1-2), 226-235 (2015-09-15)
Oxidative stress is considered a major factor in various neuronal diseases including ischemia-reperfusion injury. Proviral Integration Moloney 2 (PIM2) proteins, one of the families of PIM kinases, play crucial roles in cell survival. However, the functions of PIM2 protein against
Cheng Zhou et al.
Applied and environmental microbiology, 81(17), 5714-5723 (2015-06-14)
Thermostable alkaline pectate lyases have potential applications in the textile industry as an alternative to chemical-based ramie degumming processes. In particular, the alkaline pectate lyase from Bacillus sp. strain N16-5 (BspPelA) has potential for enzymatic ramie degumming because of its
Zhimin Feng et al.
Infection and immunity, 82(11), 4458-4465 (2014-08-13)
Currently, Acinetobacter baumannii is recognized as one of the major pathogens seriously threatening our health care delivery system. Aspects of the innate immune response to A. baumannii infection are not yet well understood. Human β-defensins (hBDs) are epithelial cell-derived cationic
Miyuki Tsukuda et al.
Journal of bioscience and bioengineering, 120(5), 591-595 (2015-04-29)
Counterselection is a genetic engineering technique to eliminate specific genetic fragments containing selectable marker genes. Although the technique is widely used in bacterial genome engineering and plasmid curing experiments, the repertoire of the markers usable in Escherichia coli is limited.
Glennis A Logsdon et al.
The Journal of cell biology, 208(5), 521-531 (2015-02-26)
The centromere-defined by the presence of nucleosomes containing the histone H3 variant, CENP-A-is the chromosomal locus required for the accurate segregation of chromosomes during cell division. Although the sequence determinants of human CENP-A required to maintain a centromere were reported
Hong-Mei Shan et al.
ChemMedChem, 10(1), 158-163 (2014-09-10)
Polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1) plays crucial functions in multiple stages of mitosis and is considered to be a potential drug target for cancer therapy. The functions of PLK1 are mediated by its N-terminal kinase domain and C-terminal polo-box domain (PBD).
Soumitra Polley et al.
PloS one, 9(7), e102891-e102891 (2014-07-30)
FKBP22, an Escherichia coli-encoded PPIase (peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase) enzyme, shares substantial identity with the Mip-like pathogenic factors, caries two domains, exists as a dimer in solution and binds some immunosuppressive drugs (such as FK506 and rapamycin) using its C-terminal domain
Iltaf Ahmed et al.
Human molecular genetics, 24(11), 3172-3180 (2015-02-24)
There are two known mRNA degradation pathways, 3' to 5' and 5' to 3'. We identified likely pathogenic variants in two genes involved in these two pathways in individuals with intellectual disability. In a large family with multiple branches, we
Yeong Byeon et al.
Journal of pineal research, 57(2), 219-227 (2014-07-22)
Although a plant N-acetylserotonin methyltransferase (ASMT) was recently cloned from rice, homologous genes appear to be absent in dicotyledonous plants. To clone an ASMT de novo from a dicotyledonous plant, we expressed eight Arabidopsis thaliana O-methyltransferase (OMT) cDNAs in Escherichia
Mayu Kamimura et al.
Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry, 78(3), 438-447 (2014-07-19)
Protein kinases are key regulators of cell function that constitute one of the largest and most functionally diverse gene families. We developed a novel assay system, based on the bimolecular fluorescence complementation (BiFC) technique in Escherichia coli, for detecting transient
James Kirby et al.
Applied and environmental microbiology, 81(1), 130-138 (2014-10-19)
Terpene synthesis in the majority of bacterial species, together with plant plastids, takes place via the 1-deoxy-d-xylulose 5-phosphate (DXP) pathway. The first step of this pathway involves the condensation of pyruvate and glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate by DXP synthase (Dxs), with one-sixth
Nicholas P Greene et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112(23), E3058-E3066 (2015-05-29)
Secreted pore-forming toxins of pathogenic Gram-negative bacteria such as Escherichia coli hemolysin (HlyA) insert into host-cell membranes to subvert signal transduction and induce apoptosis and cell lysis. Unusually, these toxins are synthesized in an inactive form that requires posttranslational activation
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