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David Baur et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 35(5), 1858-1871 (2015-02-06)
Tight coupling between Ca(2+) channels and the sensor for vesicular transmitter release at the presynaptic active zone (AZ) is crucial for high-fidelity synaptic transmission. It has been hypothesized that a switch from a loosely coupled to a tightly coupled transmission
Shixuan Wang et al.
PloS one, 9(5), e95630-e95630 (2014-05-24)
FPC (fibrocystin or polyductin) is a single transmembrane receptor-like protein, responsible for the human autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD). It was recently proposed that FPC undergoes a Notch-like cleavage and subsequently the cleaved carboxy(C)-terminal fragment translocates to the nucleus.
Janna M Schurer et al.
The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene, 90(6), 1184-1190 (2014-03-19)
Residents of remote and Indigenous communities might experience higher exposure to some zoonotic parasites than the general North American population. Human sero-surveillance conducted in two Saulteaux communities found 113 volunteers exposed as follows: Trichinella (2.7%), Toxocara canis (4.4%), Echinococcus (4.4%)
Katsuyoshi Fujimoto et al.
Journal of natural medicines, 68(3), 481-487 (2014-02-18)
Seven new acylated sucroses, mumeoses P-V, were isolated from the flower buds of Prunus mume, cultivated in Zhejiang province, China. Their chemical structures were elucidated on the basis of chemical and physicochemical evidence. Moreover, mumeoses C, D, and R, were
Hemant Kumar Rawat et al.
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, 107(3), 799-811 (2015-01-07)
Owing to applications in the food and nutraceutical industries, inulinases, fructosyltransferases and sucrases have gained considerable attention in recent times. Twenty-five fungal strains were screened for production of these enzymes on three different media formulated using inulin-rich plant extracts prepared
Luiz G Maturana et al.
Brain and behavior, 3(4), 417-430 (2014-01-02)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of implanting collagen with a supramolecular organization on peripheral nerve regeneration, using the sciatic nerve tubulization technique. For this purpose, adult female Sprague Dawley rats were divided into five groups:
Chun-Nun Chao et al.
Journal of translational medicine, 13, 29-29 (2015-01-28)
Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is one of the most common types of aggressive B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma. About one-third of patients are either refractory to the treatment or experience relapse afterwards, pointing to the necessity of developing other effective therapies
Alfonso Pastor-Clerigues et al.
PloS one, 9(12), e115404-e115404 (2014-12-17)
Home parenteral nutrition (PN) is associated with many complications including severe hepatobiliary dysfunction. Commercial ω-6 fatty acid-soybean based-lipid emulsions in PN may mediate long term PN associate liver disease (PNALD) whereas ω-3-fish oil parenteral emulsions have shown to reverse PNALD
A Mühlstein et al.
Die Pharmazie, 69(7), 518-524 (2014-07-31)
Arylsulfatase A (ASA) deficiency is the cause of metachromatic leucodystrophy (MLD), a lysosomal storage disease associated with severe neurological disorders. Poly(butyl cyanoacrylate) (PBCA) nanoparticles overcoated with polysorbate 80 enabled the delivery of several drugs across the blood-brain barrier to the
Chao Zhen et al.
Journal of neuroimmunology, 280, 1-7 (2015-03-17)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) has been associated with a history of sub-optimal exposure to ultraviolet light, implicating vitamin D3 as a possible protective agent. We evaluated whether 1,25(OH)2D3 attenuates the progression of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), and explored its potential mechanisms.
H Shokri
Journal de mycologie medicale, 24(3), 179-184 (2014-04-22)
To investigate the DNA fingerprinting of Candida zeylanoides (C. zeylanoides) strains and the correlation between genotyping and antifungal susceptibility of C. zeylanoides. Paper discs containing nystatin, ketoconazole, fluconazole, Zataria multiflora (Z. multiflora) and Pulicaria gnaphalodes (P. gnaphalodes) essential oils were
Esak Lee et al.
Nature communications, 5, 4715-4715 (2014-09-03)
Breast cancer metastasis involves lymphatic dissemination in addition to hematogenous spreading. Although stromal lymphatic vessels (LVs) serve as initial metastatic routes, roles of organ-residing LVs are underinvestigated. Here we show that lymphatic endothelial cells (LECs), a component of LVs within
Matilde Durán-Lobato et al.
Biomacromolecules, 15(7), 2725-2734 (2014-06-24)
Oral drug delivery is a route of choice for vaccine administration because of its noninvasive nature and thus efforts have focused on efficient delivery of vaccine antigens to mucosal sites. An effective oral vaccine delivery system must protect the antigen
Doris M Jacobs et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 404(8), 2349-2361 (2012-08-31)
NMR-based metabolite profiling of urine is a fast and reproducible method for detection of numerous metabolites with diverse chemical properties. However, signal overlap in the (1)H NMR profiles of human urine may hamper quantification and identification of metabolites. Therefore, a
Tessa Lord et al.
Biology of reproduction, 92(2), 33-33 (2014-12-17)
With increasing periods of time following ovulation, the metaphase II (MII)-stage oocyte experiences overproduction of reactive oxygen species and elevated levels of lipid peroxidation that are implicitly linked with functional deficiencies acquired during postovulatory oocyte aging. We have demonstrated that
Malte Feja et al.
Psychopharmacology, 232(7), 1291-1302 (2014-10-14)
Deficits in impulse control are prevalent in several neuropsychiatric disorders that are based on impaired frontostriatal communication. The ventral medial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) and the nucleus accumbens (NAc) are key substrates of impulse control in rats. The NAc core and
Natasha Tasevska et al.
The American journal of clinical nutrition, 99(5), 1077-1088 (2014-02-21)
Although previous studies have linked intake of sugars with incidence of cancer and other chronic diseases, its association with mortality remains unknown. We investigated the association of total sugars, added sugars, total fructose, added fructose, sucrose, and added sucrose with
Larry Gray et al.
Pediatrics, 135(3), e607-e614 (2015-02-18)
Increasing data suggest that neonatal pain has long-term consequences. Nonpharmacologic techniques (sucrose taste, pacifier suckling, breastfeeding) are effective and now widely used to combat minor neonatal pain. This study examined the analgesic effect of sucrose combined with radiant warmth compared
Remedios Castelló-Cros et al.
Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.), 522, 275-305 (2009-02-28)
It is increasingly recognized that interactions between cancer cells and their surrounding stroma are critical for promoting the growth and invasiveness of tumors. For example, cancer cells alter the topography and molecular composition of stromal extracellular matrix by increasing paracrine
Michael K Tian et al.
The European journal of neuroscience, 40(4), 2608-2618 (2014-05-16)
Cholinergic stimulation of the cerebral cortex is essential for tasks requiring attention; however, there is still some debate over which cortical regions are required for such tasks. There is extensive cholinergic innervation of both primary and associative cortices, and transient
P Panda et al.
Current medicinal chemistry, 18(21), 3234-3251 (2011-06-16)
Natural products are regarded as vital key source of lead compounds for drug discovery due to their structural diversity and broad array of biological activities. Phenylpropanoid sucrose esters are naturally occurring compounds isolated from various plants and are structurally characterized
Marina Zaitseva et al.
Journal of virology, 89(6), 3295-3307 (2015-01-16)
Protection from lethality by postchallenge administration of brincidofovir (BCV, CMX001) was studied in normal and immune-deficient (nude, nu/nu) BALB/c mice infected with vaccinia virus (VACV). Whole-body bioluminescence imaging was used to record total fluxes in the nasal cavity, lungs, spleen
Binbin Yang et al.
Current neurovascular research, 12(1), 63-72 (2015-01-06)
Heat shock protein B8 (HspB8) is a chaperone protein that is highly and constitutively expressed in the brain, cardiac tissue and many other organs. Recently, it has been shown that HspB8 can enhance cardiac function and render cardioprotection. However, the
Hee-Seong Jang et al.
BioMed research international, 2014, 602149-602149 (2014-09-23)
Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) by ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) renders resistance to the kidney. Strong IPC triggers kidney fibrosis, which is involved in angiotensin II (AngII) and its type 1 receptor (AT1R) signaling. Here, we investigated the role of AngII/AT1R signal pathway in
Chris C-S Hsiung et al.
Genome research, 25(2), 213-225 (2014-11-06)
Mitosis entails global alterations to chromosome structure and nuclear architecture, concomitant with transient silencing of transcription. How cells transmit transcriptional states through mitosis remains incompletely understood. While many nuclear factors dissociate from mitotic chromosomes, the observation that certain nuclear factors
Mingdong Li et al.
Analytical chemistry, 86(24), 12130-12137 (2014-11-21)
A fast and accurate assay to determine the absolute concentration of proteins is described based on direct measurement of droplet entrapped oligomer formation in electrospray. Here we demonstrate the approach using electrospray differential mobility analysis (ES-DMA), which can distinguish monomers
Judit M Veres et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 34(49), 16194-16206 (2014-12-05)
Axo-axonic cells (AACs) in cortical regions selectively innervate the axon initial segments (AISs) of principal cells (PCs), where the action potentials are generated. These GABAergic interneurons can alter the activity of PCs, but how the efficacy of spike control correlates
Masanari Takamiya et al.
PloS one, 10(2), e0117645-e0117645 (2015-02-19)
The cornea is a central component of the camera eye of vertebrates and even slight corneal disturbances severely affect vision. The transcription factor PAX6 is required for normal eye development, namely the proper separation of the lens from the developing
Larisa Volceanov et al.
mBio, 5(5), e01802-e01814 (2014-10-09)
Chlamydia trachomatis is an obligate intracellular human pathogen that grows inside a membranous, cytosolic vacuole termed an inclusion. Septins are a group of 13 GTP-binding proteins that assemble into oligomeric complexes and that can form higher-order filaments. We report here
Yuqing Liu et al.
Meat science, 100, 139-144 (2014-12-03)
This study evaluates the effects of pre-rigor temperature control on quality traits of Chinese yellow cattle M. longissimus lumborum (LL). One stepwise chilling (SC) treatment was used on one half-carcass, involved a fast chilling (-11 ± 1 °C;0.5 m/s) for
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