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Farhaan Hafeez et al.
Drug development and industrial pharmacy, 40(6), 838-844 (2013-04-23)
Onychomycosis is a common fungal infection of the nail plate and bed that affects up to 14% of the population and can have a substantial impact on the quality of life of those affected. This study compared the onychopharmacokinetics, nail
Justin A Edward et al.
Biomacromolecules, 13(8), 2483-2489 (2012-08-02)
The ring-opening polymerization of substituted cyclic carbonates with 1-(3,5-bis-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-3-cyclohexyl-thiourea (TU)/1,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene (DBU) organocatalysts afford highly functionalized oligocarbonates. The fluorescent alkaloid quinine can be readily incorporated into the oligocarbonates either by initiation from quinine or by ring-opening polymerization of a quinine-functionalized cyclic
Kyra J Barnes et al.
European journal of clinical pharmacology, 70(9), 1097-1106 (2014-06-24)
To investigate the potential inhibitory effects of uremic toxins on the major human hepatic drug-metabolising cytochrome P450 (CYP) and UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) enzymes in vitro. Benzyl alcohol, p-cresol, indoxyl sulfate, hippuric acid and a combination of the four uremic toxins were
Jinjin Zhang et al.
Inorganic chemistry, 51(24), 13380-13389 (2012-12-12)
A series of alkali metal complexes supported by two bulky tetraphenols were synthesized and characterized. The reactions of α,α,α',α'-tetra(3,5-di-tert-butyl-2-hydroxyphenyl)-p-xylene(para-tetraphenol) with (n)BuLi, sodium, and KSi(NMe(2))(3) gave bimetallic complexes 1, 2, and 3, respectively. Treatments of the α,α,α',α'-tetra(3,5-di-tert-butyl-2-hydroxyphenyl)-m-xylene(meta-tetraphenol) with 2 or 4
G Xiao et al.
Industrial health, 39(2), 206-210 (2001-05-09)
The effects on semen and the function of accessory gonad of workers after short and long term exposure to benzene, toluene, and xylene were examined. The semen and blood of 24 married workers exposed to benzene, toluene, and xylene were
Laura A Jones et al.
The Journal of cell biology, 207(4), 499-516 (2014-11-26)
Cytoplasmic dynein 1 (dynein) is a minus end-directed microtubule motor protein with many cellular functions, including during cell division. The role of the light intermediate chains (LICs; DYNC1LI1 and 2) within the complex is poorly understood. In this paper, we
V M L Jolliffe et al.
Clinical and experimental dermatology, 37(8), 862-864 (2012-11-23)
Dermatologists may see patients with actual or suspected local anaesthetic (LA) allergy who require an urgent dermatological procedure to be performed without time for formal allergy testing. We report a case of shave biopsy and subsequent excision biopsy of an
Thomas Pöschinger et al.
Investigative radiology, 49(7), 445-456 (2014-03-07)
Dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) has emerged as a valuable imaging tool to noninvasively obtain quantitative physiological biomarkers of drug effect in preclinical studies of antiangiogenic compounds. In this study, we explored the ability of DCE micro-CT to assess
Toshiyuki Fukuda et al.
Biological & pharmaceutical bulletin, 26(2), 271-273 (2003-02-11)
Four minor components, along with the major cyanogenic glycosides, amygdalin and prunasin, were isolated from Prunus persica seeds (Persicae Semen; Tounin), and characterized as mandelic acid glycosides (beta-gentiobioside and beta-D-glucoside) and benzyl alcohol glycosides (beta-gentiobioside and beta-D-glucoside). The anti-tumor promoting
M Higo et al.
Analytical chemistry, 66(6), 818-823 (1994-03-15)
Inelastic electron tunneling spectroscopy has been used for the detection and characterization of biological compounds in human sweat adsorbed on alumina surfaces. The sweat was collected from students and distributed to aqueous and benzene phases by solvent extraction. Both solutions
Nikki M Magdaong et al.
The journal of physical chemistry. B, 118(38), 11172-11189 (2014-08-30)
Rhodopin, rhodopinal, and their glucoside derivatives are carotenoids that accumulate in different amounts in the photosynthetic bacterium, Rhodoblastus (Rbl.) acidophilus strain 7050, depending on the intensity of the light under which the organism is grown. The different growth conditions also
Jun Zhang et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 104(5), 1592-1600 (2015-02-20)
Protein stability, one of the major concerns for therapeutic protein development, can be optimized during process development by evaluating multiple formulation conditions. This can be a costly and lengthy procedure where different excipients and storage conditions are tested for their
Toralf Bork et al.
Biomedical microdevices, 16(5), 779-792 (2014-07-06)
The MedStream Programmable Infusion Pump, an intrathecal pump indicated for the treatment of chronic intractable pain and severe spasticity (CE-mark) or severe spasticity (US), has a highly accurate medication delivery (within 10% of the programmed flow rate) and is certified
Aditya M Kunjapur et al.
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 136(33), 11644-11654 (2014-07-31)
Aromatic aldehydes are useful in numerous applications, especially as flavors, fragrances, and pharmaceutical precursors. However, microbial synthesis of aldehydes is hindered by rapid, endogenous, and redundant conversion of aldehydes to their corresponding alcohols. We report the construction of an Escherichia
Epidural administration of methylprednisolone acetate preserved with benzyl alcohol.
C C King et al.
The Annals of pharmacotherapy, 28(1), 59-60 (1994-01-01)
Y Zhu et al.
Neurobiology of disease, 74, 114-125 (2014-12-03)
Spinal cord injury (SCI) leads to formation of a fibrotic scar that is inhibitory to axon regeneration. Recent evidence indicates that the fibrotic scar is formed by perivascular fibroblasts, but the mechanism by which they are recruited to the injury
C L Froebe et al.
Dermatologica, 181(4), 277-283 (1990-01-01)
The relationship between the in vivo irritation potential of sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS) and linear alkyl benzene sulfonate (LAS) and the ability of these two surfactants to remove lipid from the stratum corneum (SC) in vitro were investigated. Either surfactant
Roy Bogseth et al.
Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry, 25(11), 1987-1990 (2014-09-25)
Simple alcohols formed protonated acetonitrile adducts containing up to two acetonitrile molecules when analyzed by ESI or APCI in the presence of acetonitrile in the solvent. These acetonitrile adducts underwent dissociation to form a nitrilium ion, also referred to as
C H Pierce et al.
Scandinavian journal of work, environment & health, 22(2), 112-118 (1996-04-01)
The partitioning of lipophilic toxicants into blood and into adipose tissue plays an important role in the physiological distribution and toxicology of these substances. The partition coefficients between blood and air and adipose tissue and air were determined for widely
M LeBel et al.
Developmental pharmacology and therapeutics, 11(6), 347-356 (1988-01-01)
Reports on fatal benzyl alcohol poisoning in premature neonates implied that the toxicity may be due to larger doses per kilogram than for adults. It has been postulated that the load of benzoic acid (metabolite of benzyl alcohol) may exceed
H Weibel et al.
Acta pharmaceutica Nordica, 3(3), 159-162 (1991-01-01)
Benzyl carbonate esters of dextran with varying degrees of substitution have been synthesized. The kinetics of the hydrolytic cleavage of the carbonate ester bond in aqueous solution within the pH range 0.44-10.46 (37 degrees C) has been investigated. The degradation
Liang-Fei OuYang et al.
Journal of separation science, 36(4), 645-657 (2013-01-24)
The 0-1 model-inverse method of nonequilibrium nonlinear chromatography was developed to simultaneously determine the isotherm parameters and the lumped mass transfer coefficients of the two-component systems in RPLC. By comparing the simulated elution curves with experimental curves with regard to
Kevin Deplanche et al.
Journal of the Royal Society, Interface, 9(72), 1705-1712 (2012-03-09)
We report a novel biochemical method based on the sacrificial hydrogen strategy to synthesize bimetallic gold (Au)-palladium (Pd) nanoparticles (NPs) with a core/shell configuration. The ability of Escherichia coli cells supplied with H(2) as electron donor to rapidly precipitate Pd(II)
A Salamon et al.
Life sciences, 69(21), 2489-2502 (2001-11-06)
Benzamide riboside (BR) is a novel anticancer agent exhibiting pronounced activity against several human tumor cells, however, little is known about its biotransformation. To analyze for BR and its metabolites, livers of Wistar and mutant TR- rats were perfused with
Yuma Morimoto et al.
Inorganic chemistry, 51(18), 10025-10036 (2012-09-08)
The rate of oxidation of 2,5-dimethoxybenzyl alcohol (2,5-(MeO)(2)C(6)H(3)CH(2)OH) by [Fe(IV)(O)(N4Py)](2+) (N4Py = N,N-bis(2-pyridylmethyl)-N-bis(2-pyridyl)methylamine) was enhanced significantly in the presence of Sc(OTf)(3) (OTf(-) = trifluoromethanesulfonate) in acetonitrile (e.g., 120-fold acceleration in the presence of Sc(3+)). Such a remarkable enhancement of the
B Nair
International journal of toxicology, 20 Suppl 3, 23-50 (2002-01-05)
Benzyl Alcohol is an aromatic alcohol used in a wide variety of cosmetic formulations as a fragrance component, preservative, solvent, and viscosity-decreasing agent. Benzoic Acid is an aromatic acid used in a wide variety of cosmetics as a pH adjuster
Fatemeh Rajabi et al.
Chemistry & biodiversity, 9(9), 1823-1828 (2012-09-15)
The O-silylation of OH groups of alcohols and phenols with hexamethyldisilazane (HMDS) was achieved in high-to-excellent yields using catalytic quantities of a SBA-15-supported cobalt(II) nanocatalyst (typically 0.5 mol-%) at room temperature and under solvent-free conditions. Furthermore, the heterogeneous catalyst showed
Minimizing injection pain.
Michel J Belliveau et al.
CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association journal = journal de l'Association medicale canadienne, 184(15), 1715-1715 (2012-10-18)
J Scognamiglio et al.
Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association, 50 Suppl 2, S140-S160 (2011-11-01)
A toxicologic and dermatologic review of benzyl alcohol when used as a fragrance ingredient is presented. Benzyl alcohol is a member of the fragrance structural group Aryl Alkyl Alcohols and is a primary alcohol. The AAAs are a structurally diverse
Megan K Luther et al.
The Journal of antimicrobial chemotherapy, 69(12), 3263-3267 (2014-08-07)
Antimicrobial lock solutions are used for prevention and management of catheter-related bloodstream infections. ML8-X10 (a prototype oil-in-water micro-emulsion based on a novel free fatty acid), vancomycin/heparin and taurolidine/citrate/heparin (Taurolock™-Hep500) lock solutions were tested against biofilm-forming Staphylococcus epidermidis and methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus
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