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Yee-Ki Lee et al.
Pflugers Archiv : European journal of physiology, 466(9), 1831-1844 (2013-12-12)
Friedreich ataxia (FRDA), a recessive neurodegenerative disorder commonly associated with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, is due to GAA repeat expansions within the first intron of the frataxin (FXN) gene encoding the mitochondrial protein involved in iron-sulfur cluster biosynthesis. The triplet codon repeats
Ilaria Naldi et al.
PloS one, 9(5), e98101-e98101 (2014-05-24)
Epigenetic events are critical contributors to the pathogenesis of cancer, and targeting epigenetic mechanisms represents a novel strategy in anticancer therapy. Classic demethylating agents, such as 5-Aza-2'-deoxycytidine (Decitabine), hold the potential for reprograming somatic cancer cells demonstrating high therapeutic efficacy
Tiphanie Goetstouwers et al.
PloS one, 9(8), e105013-e105013 (2014-08-20)
F4 enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (F4 ETEC) are an important cause of diarrhea in neonatal and newly-weaned pigs. Based on the predicted differential O-glycosylation patterns of the 2 MUC13 variants (MUC13A and MUC13B) in F4ac ETEC susceptible and F4ac ETEC resistant
Yanmin Zhang et al.
American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology, 306(11), H1553-H1557 (2014-04-08)
Alterations in ECG QT intervals correlate with the risk of potentially fatal arrhythmias, for which transgenic murine hearts are becoming increasingly useful experimental models. However, QT intervals are poorly defined in murine ECGs. As a consequence, several different techniques have
Jordan P Lewandowski et al.
Developmental dynamics : an official publication of the American Association of Anatomists, 243(7), 928-936 (2014-03-19)
The vertebrate limb bud is a well-established system for studying the mechanisms driving growth and patterning of an embryonic tissue. However, approaches for manipulating gene expression are currently limited to time-consuming methods. Culturing primary limb bud cells could potentially be
Marwa Ahmed et al.
Chirality, 26(11), 754-763 (2014-03-08)
New affinity monolithic capillary columns of 150 µm internal diameter were prepared in situ fused glass capillary via either immobilization or encapsulation of Candida antarctica lipase B (CALB) on or within polymer monoliths, respectively. The immobilized lipase-based monoliths were prepared
Deependra Kumar et al.
Bioorganic chemistry, 57, 57-64 (2014-09-16)
Some 5,6-dihydropyrazolo/pyrazolo[1,5-c]quinazoline derivatives were rationally designed, synthesized and evaluated for in vitro xanthine oxidase inhibitory activity for the first time. Some notions about structure activity relationships are presented. The compounds 6g, 6h and 6e were found to be significantly active
Lijun Zhu et al.
The Journal of pharmacy and pharmacology, 66(11), 1534-1551 (2014-06-20)
Naftopidil (NAF) is a chiral compound with two enantiomers (R(+)-NAF and S(-)-NAF) and is used as a racemic mixture in clinical practice. This study aims to investigate the metabolism of NAF enantiomers in pooled human liver microsomes (HLMs) and cytochrome
Aditya G Kohli et al.
Journal of controlled release : official journal of the Controlled Release Society, 191, 105-114 (2014-05-24)
Liposomes improve the pharmacokinetics and safety of rapidly cleared drugs, but have not yet improved the clinical efficacy compared to the non-encapsulated drug. This inability to improve efficacy may be partially due to the non-uniform distribution of liposomes in solid
Laurence Berthod et al.
Water research, 67, 292-298 (2014-10-10)
The partitioning of pharmaceuticals in the environment can be assessed by measuring their adsorption coefficients (Kd) between aqueous and solid phases. Measuring this coefficient in sewage sludge gives an indication of their partitioning behaviour in a wastewater treatment plant and
Xin Zhao et al.
Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's archives of pharmacology, 387(11), 1079-1089 (2014-08-12)
Arsenic trioxide (As2O3) is used to treat acute promyelocytic leukemia. However, the cardiotoxicity of long QT syndrome restricts its clinical application. Previous studies showed that As2O3 can damage the human ether-a-go-go-related gene (hERG) current via disturbing its trafficking to cellular
Niyaz Al-Sharabi et al.
Tissue engineering. Part A, 20(21-22), 3063-3072 (2014-05-13)
Growth factors play an important role in osteo/odontogenic differentiation of human dental pulp cells (hDPCs). The aim of this in vitro study was to compare the biological effects of recombinant human growth differentiation factor 5 (rhGDF-5) alone and a cocktail
Ryutaro Ochi-ishi et al.
Molecular pain, 10, 53-53 (2014-08-17)
Paclitaxel is an effective chemotherapeutic agent widely used for the treatment of solid tumors. The major dose-limiting toxicity of paclitaxel is peripheral neuropathy. The mechanisms underlying the development and maintenance of paclitaxel-induced peripheral neuropathy are still unclear, and there are
Valentina Manzo et al.
Talanta, 128, 486-492 (2014-07-26)
In this study, six non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) were extracted from water samples using the rotating-disk sorptive extraction (RDSE) technique. The extraction disk device contains a central cavity that allows for the incorporation of a powdered sorbent phase (Oasis™ HLB).
Cara L Sherwood et al.
American journal of physiology. Cell physiology, 307(8), C718-C726 (2014-08-22)
The airway epithelium provides a barrier that separates inhaled air and its various particulates from the underlying tissues. It provides key physiological functions in both sensing the environment and initiating appropriate innate immune defenses to protect the lung. Protease-activated receptor-2
Nam Ah Kim et al.
Drug development and industrial pharmacy, 41(2), 300-306 (2014-02-08)
Correlation of thermodynamic and secondary structural stability of proteins at various buffer pHs was investigated using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), dynamic light scattering (DLS) and attenuated total reflection Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR FT-IR). Recombinant human epithelial growth factor (rhEGF) was
Linda Vignozzi et al.
The journal of sexual medicine, 11(7), 1694-1708 (2014-05-23)
In subjects with erectile dysfunction responding poorly to sildenafil, metformin was reported to improve erections. The aim of this study is to investigate metformin's mechanism of action on erectile function, particularly focusing on adenosine (ADO) and nitric oxide (NO) signaling
Shengliang Liu et al.
PloS one, 9(9), e107865-e107865 (2014-09-24)
Various solutions are utilized widely for the isolation, harvesting, sorting, testing and transplantation of neural stem cells (NSCs), whereas the effects of harvesting media on the biological characteristics and repair potential of NSCs remain unclear. To examine some of these
Tomaz Mars et al.
The Journal of membrane biology, 248(2), 273-283 (2014-12-24)
Transfection of primary human myoblasts offers the possibility to study mechanisms that are important for muscle regeneration and gene therapy of muscle disease. Cultured human myoblasts were selected here because muscle cells still proliferate at this developmental stage, which might
Cheanyeh Cheng et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1380, 1-10 (2015-01-08)
An online solid-phase microextraction coupled liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-ion trap mass spectrometry was developed for the analysis of trace R- and S-4-phenyl-2-butanol (R- and S-pbol) in salt rich cell culture of Saccharomyces cerevisiae catalyzed stereoselective reduction of 4-pheny-2-butanone (pbone). A Supel-Q
Limei Liu et al.
Antioxidants & redox signaling, 21(11), 1571-1581 (2013-12-18)
Although uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2) negatively regulates intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and protects vascular function, its participation in vascular benefits of drugs used to treat cardiometabolic diseases is largely unknown. This study investigated whether UCP2 and associated oxidative
Samuel Marcos Ribeiro de Noronha et al.
Acta cirurgica brasileira, 29 Suppl 1, 62-68 (2014-09-04)
To evaluate the level of cytokines and keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) or Fibroblast Growth Factor 7 (FGF-7) in the culture medium of cultured human dermal fibroblasts from patients with large burn in comparison to small burn. Fibroblasts of 10 patients
Lianguo Chen et al.
Aquatic toxicology (Amsterdam, Netherlands), 157, 47-56 (2014-12-03)
SeaNine 211 with active ingredient of 4,5-dichloro-2-n-octyl-4-isothiazolin-3-one (DCOIT) has been used as a "green" antifouling agent worldwide but has raised serious biosafety concerns in coastal environments. DCOIT has the potential to disrupt the neurotransmission in nervous system, but the underlying
Bárbara Oujo et al.
PloS one, 9(10), e110365-e110365 (2014-10-15)
Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) plays a pivotal role in renal fibrosis. Endoglin, a 180 KDa membrane glycoprotein, is a TGF-β co-receptor overexpressed in several models of chronic kidney disease, but its function in renal fibrosis remains uncertain. Two membrane isoforms
A Sánchez-Aguilera et al.
The Journal of physiology, 592(13), 2845-2864 (2014-04-24)
Changes in neuronal activity often trigger compensatory mechanisms aimed at regulating network activity homeostatically. Here we have identified and characterized a novel form of compensatory short-term plasticity of membrane excitability, which develops early after the eye-opening period in rats (P16-19
Kosha B Shah et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 468(1-2), 64-74 (2014-04-09)
In current pharmaceutical drug discovery, most candidates are poorly soluble in water, which can result in poor bioavailability. To overcome this problem, formulations that create supersaturation of the drug are a well-studied alternative. Characterizing the dissolution from these systems is
Pegah Saremirad et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1370, 147-155 (2014-12-03)
Size exclusion chromatography has been demonstrated as an effective method for refolding a variety of proteins. However, to date process development mainly relies on laboratory experimentation of individual factors. A robust model is essential for high-throughput process screening and optimization
Jonny W Dennis et al.
Parasites & vectors, 7, 378-378 (2014-08-21)
Tsetse flies are the biological vectors of African trypanosomes, the causative agents of sleeping sickness in humans and nagana in animals. The tsetse endosymbiont Sodalis glossinidius has been suggested to play a role in tsetse susceptibility to infection. Here we
Xinyan Wu et al.
Nature communications, 5, 4961-4961 (2014-09-24)
The PIK3CA gene is frequently mutated in human cancers. Here we carry out a SILAC-based quantitative phosphoproteomic analysis using isogenic knockin cell lines containing 'driver' oncogenic mutations of PIK3CA to dissect the signalling mechanisms responsible for oncogenic phenotypes induced by
Gabriel B Akanni et al.
Journal of the science of food and agriculture, 95(5), 1094-1102 (2014-11-06)
The cladodes of Opuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear cactus) have a low protein content; for use as a balanced feed, supplementation with other protein sources is therefore desirable. We investigated protein enrichment by cultivation of the yeasts Candida utilis and Kluyveromyces
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