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Bao-Sheng Zhao et al.
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 19(10), 16925-16936 (2014-10-24)
As one of the most important components of Panax ginseng, ginsenoside Rg1 has certain anti-aging effects, improving the activity of learning and memory. Studies have showed that ginsenoside Rg1 improves the memory impairment associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD). In this
Yaoxian Liang et al.
Biological & pharmaceutical bulletin, 37(10), 1599-1605 (2014-08-05)
Renal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury is a major cause of acute kidney injury via inflammation and cell apoptosis. Volatile anesthetics have been shown to exert organ-protective effects against kidney damage in vivo and in vitro. In the present study, we investigated
Qian-Li Ma et al.
Biomaterials, 35(37), 9853-9867 (2014-09-10)
The use of endosseous implanted materials is often limited by undesirable effects that may be due to macrophage-related inflammation. The purpose of this study was to fabricate a nanostructured surface on a titanium implant to regulate the macrophage inflammatory response
Chul Won Lee et al.
Journal of ethnopharmacology, 155(2), 1141-1155 (2014-07-01)
Clematis mandshurica Ruprecht root is widely used in Asia as an analgesic and anti-inflammatory agent. This research investigated the anti-inflammatory effects of Clematis mandshurica Ruprecht root extract (CRE) using RAW 264.7 macrophage cells and carrageenan- (CA-) induced rat paw edema.
S Saravanan et al.
Inflammation, 37(5), 1374-1388 (2014-04-17)
Swertiamarin is a secoiridoid glycoside found in Enicostema axillare (Lam) A. Raynal, a medicinal plant used as a depurative in the Indian system of traditional medicine. The present study evaluated the immunomodulatory activity of isolated swertiamarin. In vivo immunomodulatory activity
Guillermo Marcial et al.
Journal of ethnopharmacology, 155(2), 1125-1133 (2014-07-06)
The aerial parts of Lippia integrifolia (Gris.) Hieronymus (Verbenaceae), known as incayuyo, are used by the peasant population of Argentina for treatment of diseases related to a gastrointestinal system, mainly for inflammation of the stomach and have also been included
Esteban Grasso et al.
PloS one, 9(5), e97147-e97147 (2014-05-23)
Macrophages at the maternal-placental interface coordinate opposite demands under the control of trophoblast cells such as the response against pathogens on one hand, and apoptotic cell clearance and wound healing with the production of suppressor cytokines. Here, we investigated whether
Andrea Sobo-Vujanovic et al.
Cellular immunology, 289(1-2), 119-127 (2014-04-25)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are the major sentinel, antigen-presenting and regulatory components of the immune system. One of the central DC functions is to rapidly sense and alert host immune system of a pathogen invasion. In the present study, we investigated
Lynnae D Hyatt et al.
PloS one, 9(10), e109072-e109072 (2014-10-10)
Zinc finger protein 36, C3H type-like 1 (ZFP36L1) is one of several Zinc Finger Protein 36 (Zfp36) family members, which bind AU rich elements within 3' untranslated regions (UTRs) to negatively regulate the post-transcriptional expression of targeted mRNAs. The prototypical
Yael Pewzner-Jung et al.
EMBO molecular medicine, 6(9), 1205-1214 (2014-08-03)
Cystic fibrosis patients and patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, trauma, burn wound, or patients requiring ventilation are susceptible to severe pulmonary infection by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Physiological innate defense mechanisms against this pathogen, and their alterations in lung diseases, are
Min Jiang et al.
PloS one, 9(5), e96214-e96214 (2014-05-09)
Flos Lonicerae Japonicae (FLJ) is an important cash crop in eastern Asia, and it is an anti-inflammatory Traditional Chinese Medicine. There are large variations in the quality of the marketed FLJ products. To find marker ingredients useful for quality control
T Jakobsson et al.
Mucosal immunology, 7(6), 1416-1428 (2014-05-08)
We examined the function of the oxysterol receptors (LXRs) in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) through studying dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)- and 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced colitis in mice and by elucidating molecular mechanisms underlying their anti-inflammatory action. We observed that
Mousa O Germoush et al.
Journal of cancer research and clinical oncology, 140(7), 1103-1109 (2014-04-20)
The present study was designed to investigate the possible protective effects of berberine against cyclophosphamide (CP)-induced hepatotoxicity in rats. The experimental rats were treated with berberine orally at a dose of 50 mg/kg for 11 consecutive days after the administration
Reem N El-Naga et al.
Neurotoxicology, 44, 48-57 (2014-06-01)
The relationship between inflammation, oxidative stress and the incidence of depression had been well studied. Indole-3-carbinol (I3C), a natural active compound found in cruciferous vegetables, was shown to have anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. Therefore, the aim of this study was
Yong Jie Qin et al.
PloS one, 9(8), e103995-e103995 (2014-08-06)
Green tea extract (GTE) ingested by rats exerted anti-oxidative activities in various ocular tissues as shown in our previous studies. The present work investigated anti-inflammatory effects of GTE on endotoxin-induced uveitis (EIU). EIU was generated in adult rats by a
Carol Arely Botello Amaro et al.
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 19(8), 11366-11384 (2014-08-05)
The metabolic syndrome (MS) is a condition consisting of various metabolic abnormalities that are risk factors for developing kidney failure, cardiovascular, vascular and cerebrovascular diseases, among others. The prevalence of this syndrome shows a marked increase. The aim of this
Shaohua Wang et al.
American journal of therapeutics, 21(6), 447-452 (2013-06-21)
We evaluate the efficacy of urinary trypsin inhibitor (UTI) on inflammation, oxidative stress, hypoxemia, and diseased lesion in a rat model of acute lung injury induced by blunt trauma. Rats were allocated to 4 groups. One group served as normal
Jing Zhao et al.
Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, 55(6), 3375-3384 (2014-05-09)
To evaluate the effects of the σ 1 receptor (σR1) agonist, (+)-pentazocine, on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory changes in retinal microglia cells. Retinal microglia cells were isolated from Sprague-Dawley rat pups. Cells were treated with LPS with or without (+)-pentazocine and
Lihong Fan et al.
Cellular and molecular neurobiology, 34(7), 999-1010 (2014-06-18)
This study evaluated whether bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) combined with xenogeneic acellular nerve grafts (xANGs) would reduce the inflammation reaction of xANGs transplantation. BM-MSCs were extracted, separated, purified, and cultured from the bone marrow of rats. Then BM-MSCs
Yuan Gao et al.
PloS one, 9(5), e96741-e96741 (2014-05-08)
Genkwanin is one of the major non-glycosylated flavonoids in many herbs with anti-inflammatory activities. Although its anti-inflammatory activity in vivo has been reported, the potential molecular mechanisms remain obscure. In this study, by pharmacological and genetic approaches, we explore the
M Pesce et al.
Brain, behavior, and immunity, 41, 251-260 (2014-05-06)
Recent lines of research have boosted awareness of the immunological facets of schizophrenia. However, associations with protein tyrosine phosphatase regulators have never been reported. The aim of our study was to investigate the expression and promoter status methylation of phosphatase
Ismail M Meraz et al.
PloS one, 9(4), e94703-e94703 (2014-04-17)
Porous silicon (pSi) microparticles, in diverse sizes and shapes, can be functionalized to present pathogen-associated molecular patterns that activate dendritic cells. Intraperitoneal injection of MPL-adsorbed pSi microparticles, in contrast to free MPL, resulted in the induction of local inflammation, reflected
Yue Hou et al.
Progress in neuro-psychopharmacology & biological psychiatry, 54, 92-102 (2014-04-09)
The present study aims to evaluate the effects of pterostilbene on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced learning and memory impairment as well as the possible changes of microglia and neurons. Firstly, learning and memory function was investigated by behavioral tests. Pterostilbene attenuated LPS-induced
Ali M El-Halawany et al.
Scientific reports, 4, 5880-5880 (2014-08-01)
Aframomum melegueta is a commonly used African spice. Through a hepatoprotective bioassay-guided isolation, the chloroform fraction of A.melegueta seeds yielded one new diarylheptanoid named 3-(S)-acetyl-1-(4'-hydroxy-3', 5'-di methoxyphenyl)-7-(3″,4″, 5″-trihydroxyphenyl)heptane (1), and two new hydroxyphenylalkanones, [8]-dehydrogingerdione (2) and [6]-dehydroparadol (3), in addition
Canola meal in nursery pig diets: growth performance and gut health.
Hong, et al.
Journal of Animal Science, 98 (2021)
Raffaele Altara et al.
BMC biotechnology, 14, 63-63 (2014-07-16)
Inflammatory mediators can serve as biomarkers for the monitoring of the disease progression or prognosis in many conditions. In the present study we introduce an adaptation of a membrane-based technique in which the level of up to 40 cytokines and
Aurigena Antunes de Araújo et al.
PloS one, 9(5), e96750-e96750 (2014-05-14)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of azilsartan (AZT) on bone loss, inflammation, and the expression of matrix metallo proteinases (MMPs), receptor activator of nuclear factor κB ligand (RANKL), receptor activator of nuclear factor κB (RANK)
Wei-wei Zhou et al.
Free radical biology & medicine, 74, 50-63 (2014-06-25)
Alzheimer disease (AD) is characterized by extracellular senile plaques, intracellular neurofibrillary tangles, and memory loss. Aggregated amyloid-β (Aβ), oxidative stress, and inflammation have pivotal roles in the pathogenesis of AD. Therefore, the inhibition of Aβ-induced neurotoxicity, oxidative stress, and inflammation
Hyo Geun Kim et al.
Canadian journal of physiology and pharmacology, 92(6), 429-437 (2014-05-14)
Microglia-mediated inflammation is a major pathological mechanism contributing to Alzheimer's disease (AD), and has been proposed as a potential therapeutic target. Chunghyuldan (CHD; Qingxue-dan in Chinese and Daio-Orengedokuto in Japanese) possesses wide-ranging biological effects, including anti-hyperlipidemic, anti-stroke, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant
Ill-Hwa Kim et al.
Theriogenology, 82(3), 427-432 (2014-06-17)
The objective of this study was to compare the concentrations of inflammatory cytokines in uterine flush and serum from healthy postpartum dairy cows and cows with clinical or subclinical endometritis. Clinical endometritis was diagnosed by observation of vaginal discharges (>50%
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