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Chiara Francesca Magistrali et al.
Anaerobe, 33, 42-47 (2015-02-02)
The aim of this study is to describe the prevalence and risk factors of Clostridium difficile shedding in six farms belonging to two companies in Northern Italy. Four hundred and twenty veal calves, randomly selected and individually identified, were sampled
Żaneta Rembisz et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1407, 184-192 (2015-07-15)
A high-performance liquid chromatography method based on pre-column derivatization with the pyrylium salts (4-[p-(N,N-dimethylamino)phenyl]-2,6-diphenylpyrylium perchlorate (LN1) and 2,4,6-triphenylpyrylium tetrafluoroborate (L1)) has been developed for the determination of sulfide. After the reaction of sulfide ions with LN1 or L1 aiming at
G Astrid Garzón et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 63(6), 1803-1811 (2015-02-11)
The contents and profile of polyphenols were analyzed in edible petals of nasturtium flowers (Tropaeolum majus) of three colors, and their oxygen radical absorbance capacities (ORAC) were compared. Three primary anthocyanins (ACNs) and 15 non-ACN phenolic compounds including hydroxycinammic acids
Yiran Xia et al.
Pharmaceutical development and technology, 20(3), 375-379 (2014-02-04)
The aim of this research was to develop and assess a new dissolution apparatus for orodispersible films (ODFs). The new apparatus was based on a flow-through cell design which requires only a limited amount of dissolution medium and can automatically
Adam M Gonzalez et al.
Journal of sports science & medicine, 14(2), 322-332 (2015-05-20)
This study compared caffeine pharmacokinetics, glycerol concentrations, metabolic rate, and performance measures following ingestion of a time-release caffeine containing supplement (TR-CAF) versus a regular caffeine capsule (CAF) and a placebo (PL). Following a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized, cross-over design, ten males
Miina Ruokolainen et al.
European journal of pharmaceutical sciences : official journal of the European Federation for Pharmaceutical Sciences, 65, 45-55 (2014-09-16)
The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of titanium dioxide (TiO2) photocatalysis for oxidation of anabolic steroids and for imitation of their phase I metabolism. The photocatalytic reaction products of five anabolic steroids were compared to their
Edina Lump et al.
eLife, 4 (2015-08-19)
Semen is the main vector for HIV transmission and contains amyloid fibrils that enhance viral infection. Available microbicides that target viral components have proven largely ineffective in preventing sexual virus transmission. In this study, we establish that CLR01, a 'molecular
Smita Joel et al.
ACS chemical biology, 9(7), 1595-1602 (2014-05-21)
Advancements in biotechnology have allowed for the preparation of designer proteins with a wide spectrum of unprecedented chemical and physical properties. A variety of chemical and genetic methods can be employed to tailor the protein's properties, including its stability and
Athiporn Doomkaew et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 102, 119-128 (2014-09-27)
A stability indicating-micellar electrokinetic chromatography method was developed and validated for the determination of gliclazide (GCZ) and its specified impurities, gliclazide impurities B (GZB) and F (GZF) in bulk and tablets. The analytes were well separated (Rs>2.1) in 5 min
Miaomiao Jiang et al.
BMC complementary and alternative medicine, 14, 350-350 (2014-09-25)
Metabonomics is a useful tool for studying mechanisms of drug treatment using systematic metabolite profiles. Ginsenosides Rg1 and Rb1, ophiopogonin D, and schizandrin are the main bioactive components of a traditional Chinese formula (Sheng-Mai San) widely used for the treatment
Jinzhi Li et al.
Cell reports, 32(11), 108138-108138 (2020-09-17)
The patterns of neuronal connectivity underlying multisensory integration, a fundamental property of many brains, remain poorly characterized. The Drosophila melanogaster mushroom body-an associative center-is an ideal system to investigate how different sensory channels converge in higher order brain centers. The
Chieh-Jui Tsou et al.
Nanoscale, 7(9), 4217-4225 (2015-02-13)
Continuous and simultaneous 3D single-particle movement and local pH detection in HeLa cells were demonstrated for the first time by combining fluorescent mesoporous silica nanoparticles (FMSNs) and a single-particle tracking (SPT) technique with a precision of ∼10 nm. FMSNs, synthesized
Ying Hou et al.
Biotechnology progress, 31(4), 974-982 (2015-05-29)
Protein A chromatography is widely employed for the capture and purification of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs). Because of the high cost of protein A resins, there is a significant economic driving force to seek new downstream processing strategies. Membrane chromatography has
Mehmet Akyüz et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 117, 26-36 (2015-09-08)
A chemometrically optimized isolation procedure combined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry detection technique has been proposed for quantitative determination of trace levels of nitrosamines in gastric juice samples of patients with the gastrointestinal tract problems. The extraction conditions of each nitrosamine
Van T Luu et al.
Bio-protocol, 10(17), e3739-e3739 (2021-03-05)
Genetic transformation is crucial for both investigating gene functions and for engineering of crops to introduce new traits. Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is an important model in plant research, since it is the staple food for more than half of
Nargis Jamila et al.
Journal of enzyme inhibition and medicinal chemistry, 30(1), 133-139 (2014-03-29)
Context: Garcinia hombroniana Pierre, known as manggis hutan in Malaysia is a rich source of xanthones and benzophenones. This study was aimed to isolate and characterize potential cholinesterase inhibitors from the extracts of G. hombroniana bark and investigate their interactions
Berenice Fernández-Rojas et al.
Molecular and cellular biochemistry, 406(1-2), 183-197 (2015-05-15)
The potential of C-phycocyanin (C-PC) to prevent cisplatin (CP)-induced kidney mitochondrial dysfunction was determined in CD-1 male mice. The CP-induced mitochondrial dysfunction was characterized by ultrastructural abnormalities and by decrease in the following parameters in isolated kidney mitochondria: adenosine diphosphate
Kok-Fui Liew et al.
European journal of medicinal chemistry, 94, 195-210 (2015-03-15)
A series of novel aurones bearing amine and carbamate functionalities at various positions (rings A and/or B) of the scaffold was synthesized and evaluated for their acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase inhibitory activities. Structure-activity relationship study disclosed several potent submicromolar acetylcholinesterase inhibitors
A A Bobko et al.
Free radical research, 49(8), 919-926 (2015-03-20)
Nitronyl nitroxides (NNs) are the paramagnetic probes that are capable of scavenging physiologically relevant reactive oxygen (ROS) and nitrogen (RNS) species, namely superoxide, nitric oxide (NO), and nitroxyl (HNO). NNs are increasingly considered as potent antioxidants and potential therapeutic agents.
Yan Tang et al.
Nanoscale, 7(14), 6039-6044 (2015-03-15)
A plasmonic nanosensor for lipase activity was developed based on one-pot nanoparticle growth. Tween 80 was selected not only as the substrate for lipase recognition but also as the reducing and stabilizing agent for the sensor fabrication. The different molecular
T Alvarez-Segura et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1409, 79-88 (2015-07-29)
Getting useful chemical information from samples containing many compounds is still a challenge to analysts in liquid chromatography. The highest complexity corresponds to samples for which there is no prior knowledge about their chemical composition. Computer-based methodologies are currently considered
Cameron P Brewer et al.
International journal of sport nutrition and exercise metabolism, 23(2), 187-194 (2012-11-02)
Research into supplementation with sodium phosphate has not investigated the effects of a repeated supplementation phase. Therefore, this study examined the potential additive effects of repeated sodium phosphate (SP) supplementation on cycling time-trial performance and peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak). Trained
Y El Bouabi et al.
Materials science & engineering. C, Materials for biological applications, 58, 70-77 (2015-10-20)
A novel analytical approach has been developed and evaluated for the quantitative analysis of paracetamol (PCT). The anodic peak currents of paracetamol on the CS-CPE were about 200 fold higher than that of the unmodified electrodes. The influence of various
Wenying Fan et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 406(28), 7261-7273 (2014-09-23)
In this work, a novel ionic liquid (IL) chemically bonded sol-gel coating was prepared for stir bar sorptive extraction (SBSE) of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) followed by high-performance liquid chromatography-ultraviolet detection (HPLC-UV). By using γ-(methacryloxypropyl)trimethoxysilane (KH-570) as a bridging agent
Wim Van Gansbeke et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences, 1001, 221-240 (2015-08-22)
In 2013, the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) drastically lowered the minimum required performance levels (MRPLs) of most doping substances, demanding a substantial increase in sensitivity of the existing methods. For a number of compounds, conventional electron impact ionization gas chromatography
Prakash C Joshi et al.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 462(2), 99-104 (2015-04-19)
Catalysis by montmorillonites clay minerals is regarded as a feasible mechanism for the abiotic production and polymerization of key biomolecules on early Earth. We have investigated a montmorillonite-catalyzed reaction of the 5'-phosphorimidazolide of nucleosides as a model to probe prebiotic
F Kazazi-Hyseni et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 482(1-2), 99-109 (2014-12-17)
Poly(D,L-lactic-co-hydroxymethyl glycolic acid) (PLHMGA) is a biodegradable copolymer with potential as a novel carrier in polymeric drug delivery systems. In this study, the biocompatibility of PLHMGA microspheres (PLHMGA-ms) was investigated both in vitro in three different cell types (PK-84, HK-2
Erica L Unger et al.
Experimental neurology, 261, 462-468 (2014-07-08)
Iron deficiency (ID) in rodents leads to decreased ventral midbrain (VMB) iron concentrations and to changes in the dopamine (DA) system that mimic many of the dopaminergic changes seen in RLS patient where low substantia nigra iron is a known
Haiping Wang et al.
Journal of the science of food and agriculture, 95(9), 1838-1844 (2014-09-11)
Garlic is one of the most important bulb vegetables and is mainly used as a spice or flavoring agent for foods. It is also cultivated for its medicinal properties, attributable to sulfur compounds, of which allicin is the most important.
Yingying Wen et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1368, 18-25 (2014-12-03)
A modified Quick, Easy, Cheap, Effective, Rugged and Safe (QuEChERS) method based on the dispersive solid-phase extraction (dSPE) combined with high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was developed for the determination of non-steroidal estrogens in water samples. In this study, graphene
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