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Huyen Trang Ha Thi et al.
Molecular and cellular biology, 35(16), 2841-2850 (2015-06-10)
Epidermal growth factor (EGF) regulates various cellular events, including proliferation, differentiation, migration, and tumorigenesis. For the maintenance of homeostasis, EGF signaling should be tightly regulated to prevent the aberrant activation. Smad7 has been known as inhibitory Smad that blocks the
Naoko H Tomioka et al.
Nature communications, 5, 4501-4501 (2014-07-23)
GABAergic interneurons are highly heterogeneous, and much is unknown about the specification and functional roles of their neural circuits. Here we show that a transinteraction of Elfn1 and mGluR7 controls targeted interneuron synapse development and that loss of Elfn1 results
Kaushlendra Tripathi et al.
Oncotarget, 6(7), 5237-5252 (2015-03-07)
Allyl isothiocyanate (AITC), a constituent of many cruciferous vegetables exhibits significant anticancer activities in many cancer models. Our studies provide novel insights into AITC-induced anticancer mechanisms in human A549 and H1299 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells. AITC exposure induced
Kevin Y Lee et al.
Nature communications, 6, 8054-8054 (2015-08-25)
Skeletal muscle is composed of both slow-twitch oxidative myofibers and fast-twitch glycolytic myofibers that differentially impact muscle metabolism, function and eventually whole-body physiology. Here we show that the mesodermal transcription factor T-box 15 (Tbx15) is highly and specifically expressed in
Gijs den Besten et al.
PloS one, 10(8), e0136364-e0136364 (2015-08-21)
The dietary fiber guar gum has beneficial effects on obesity, hyperglycemia and hypercholesterolemia in both humans and rodents. The major products of colonic fermentation of dietary fiber, the short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), have been suggested to play an important role.
Zishu Wang et al.
Molecular medicine reports, 11(4), 2578-2584 (2014-12-18)
G protein‑coupled receptor 137 (GPR137) is an integral membrane protein, which belongs to the GPR137 family of cell surface mediators of signal transduction. GPF137 was recently identified; however, its role in human disease onset has remained to be elucidated. GPR137
Q Liu et al.
Scandinavian journal of rheumatology, 44(3), 182-191 (2014-12-03)
Progressive destruction of synovial joint cartilage and bone occurs in pathological conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) because of the overproduction of pro-inflammatory cytokines and activation of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB). Through the screening of NF-κB inhibitors by a
Li-Jun Guan et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 10753-10753 (2015-06-02)
(R)-stereospecific amine transaminases (R-ATAs) are important biocatalysts for the production of (R)-amine compounds in a strict stereospecific manner. An improved R-ATA, ATA-117-Rd11, was successfully engineered for the manufacture of sitagliptin, a widely used therapeutic agent for type-2 diabetes. The effects
Wei Wang et al.
Journal of biomolecular screening, 20(6), 821-827 (2015-04-18)
Jumonji C domain-containing histone demethylases (JHDMs) are epigenetic proteins capable of demethylating methylated lysine residues on histones proteins and for which high-quality chemical probes and eventual therapeutic leads are highly desirable. To expand the extent of known scaffolds targeting JHDMs
Semih Can Akıncılar et al.
FEBS letters, 589(9), 974-984 (2015-03-10)
Besides its canonical function of catalyzing the formation of telomeric repeats, many groups have recently reported non-canonical functions of hTERT in particular, and telomerase in general. Regulating transcription is the central basis of non-canonical functions of telomerase. However, unlike reverse
Kyung-Hwa Baek et al.
Scientific reports, 5, 17642-17642 (2015-12-04)
The ATPase activities of Hsp70 and Hsc70 are known to be responsible for regulation of various biological processes. However, little is known about the roles of Hsp70 and Hsc70 in modulation of immune responses to antigens. In the present study
Aya Muramatsu et al.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 463(4), 999-1005 (2015-06-15)
Girdin is an actin-binding protein that has multiple functions in postnatal neural development and cancer progression. We previously showed that Girdin is a regulator of migration for neuroblasts born from neural stem cells in the subventricular zone (SVZ) and the
Michael I Chastkofsky et al.
The Journal of investigative dermatology, 135(10), 2492-2501 (2015-05-06)
Protein tyrosine kinase 6 (PTK6, also called BRK) is an intracellular tyrosine kinase expressed in the epithelial linings of the gastrointestinal tract and the skin, where it is expressed in nondividing differentiated cells. We found that PTK6 expression increases in
Stefan Schöneich et al.
Journal of neurophysiology, 113(1), 390-399 (2014-10-17)
Crickets carry wind-sensitive mechanoreceptors on their cerci, which, in response to the airflow produced by approaching predators, triggers escape reactions via ascending giant interneurons (GIs). Males also activate their cercal system by air currents generated due to the wing movements
Neeltje van Doremalen et al.
Journal of virology, 88(16), 9220-9232 (2014-06-06)
Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) emerged in 2012. Recently, the MERS-CoV receptor dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4) was identified and the specific interaction of the receptor-binding domain (RBD) of MERS-CoV spike protein and DPP4 was determined by crystallography. Animal studies
Julio M Rubio et al.
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 194(7), 3327-3339 (2015-03-01)
Studies on the heterogeneity and plasticity of macrophage populations led to the identification of two major polarization states: classically activated macrophages or M1, induced by IFN-γ plus LPS, and alternatively activated macrophages, induced by IL-4. We studied the expression of
Yi Wang et al.
International journal of urology : official journal of the Japanese Urological Association, 21(10), 1059-1064 (2014-05-23)
To investigate the effect of diabetes on urothelial modulation of bladder contractility. Bladder strips (urothelium intact or denuded) were prepared from 8-week-old streptozotocin-induced diabetic (n = 19) and non-diabetic control rats (n = 10). The effect of modulators of MaxiK (iberiotoxin and tetraethylammonium) and
Y Marin-Felix et al.
Mycoses, 58(8), 451-460 (2015-06-23)
Two interesting fungi were isolated from fluvial sediments collected in the North of Spain. They were morphologically related to the thermally dimorphic fungi of the family Ajellomycetaceae, but the analysis of the internal transcribed spacer region of the rDNA, and
Hong Li
Bio-protocol, 10(21), e3802-e3802 (2021-03-05)
The Xenopus oocyte is a powerful system for the exogenous expression and functional characterization of plant membrane transport proteins. Until now, a number of potassium transporters and channels have been identified in oocytes expression system by the two-electrode voltage clamp
Michalina Oplatowska-Stachowiak et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 63(43), 9441-9451 (2015-10-10)
There are more than 300 potential mycotoxins that can contaminate food and feed and cause adverse effects in humans and animals. The data on the co-occurrence of mycotoxins in novel animal feed materials, such as distiller's dried grain with solubles
Tianxi Zhang et al.
Applied biochemistry and biotechnology, 177(7), 1437-1446 (2015-09-17)
The thermostable esterase from the thermophilic bacterium Clostridium thermocellum DSM 1313 was expressed in Escherichia coli and purified by Ni(2+) affinity chromatography. Its molecular weight was approximately 35 kDa according to 12 % sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) analysis.
Paola Lorena Smaldini et al.
PloS one, 10(10), e0141116-e0141116 (2015-10-31)
The induction of peripheral tolerance may constitute a disease-modifying treatment for allergic patients. We studied how oral immunotherapy (OIT) with milk proteins controlled allergy in sensitized mice (cholera toxin plus milk proteins) upon exposure to the allergen. Symptoms were alleviated
Peter Hoffmann et al.
Toxicologic pathology, 42(4), 684-695 (2014-01-23)
The purpose of this article is to characterize skin lesions in cynomolgus monkeys following vildagliptin (dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor) treatment. Oral vildagliptin administration caused dose-dependent and reversible blister formation, peeling and flaking skin, erosions, ulcerations, scabs, and sores involving the extremities
W Alexander Alvarez et al.
Veterinary surgery : VS, 44 Suppl 1, 44-49 (2014-10-02)
To describe a technique for laparoscopic cystopexy using knotless barbed suture and to compare this technique with traditional cystopexy using standard suture in a cadaveric canine model. Cadaveric study. Male canine cadavers (n = 12). Cadavers were randomly assigned to 2 groups:
Elenaz Naderkhani et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical sciences, 103(2), 661-668 (2014-01-08)
The antiviral drug acyclovir (ACV) suffers from poor solubility both in lipophilic and hydrophilic environment, leading to low and highly variable bioavailability. To overcome these limitations, this study aimed at designing mucoadhesive ACV-containing liposomes to improve its permeability. Liposomes were
Judith Müller et al.
Nature communications, 5, 5712-5712 (2014-12-17)
Increased expression of the Microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) contributes to melanoma progression and resistance to BRAF pathway inhibition. Here we show that the lack of MITF is associated with more severe resistance to a range of inhibitors, while its presence
Artem K Efremov et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 290(25), 15770-15784 (2015-05-02)
Architectural DNA proteins play important roles in the chromosomal DNA organization and global gene regulation in living cells. However, physiological functions of some DNA-binding proteins from archaea remain unclear. Recently, several abundant DNA-architectural proteins including histones, Alba, and TrmBL2 have
Anupam Yadav et al.
International journal for parasitology, 45(1), 33-42 (2014-12-03)
Ornithine decarboxylase, the rate limiting enzyme of the polyamine biosynthesis pathway, is significant in the synthesis of trypanothione, T(SH)2, the major reduced thiol which is responsible for the modulation of the immune response and pathogenesis in visceral leishmaniasis. Data on
Raffaella Morini et al.
Stem cell research & therapy, 6, 166-166 (2015-09-09)
Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) plays a physiological role in controlling synaptic transmission and plasticity in the healthy central nervous system by modulating glutamate receptor trafficking to the plasma membrane. TNFα expression is also rapidly induced in response to tissue
Elaheh Esmaelbeygi et al.
International journal of hyperthermia : the official journal of European Society for Hyperthermic Oncology, North American Hyperthermia Group, 31(5), 489-497 (2015-05-12)
In this study the effect of PLGA polymeric nanoparticles as a 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) carrier with and without iron oxide core and hyperthermia were investigated on the level of DNA damage in a spheroid culture model of HT-29 colon cancer cell
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