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Daniel H Ebert et al.
Nature, 499(7458), 341-345 (2013-06-19)
Rett syndrome (RTT) is an X-linked human neurodevelopmental disorder with features of autism and severe neurological dysfunction in females. RTT is caused by mutations in methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MeCP2), a nuclear protein that, in neurons, regulates transcription, is expressed at
Alessandra Gianoncelli et al.
BioDrugs : clinical immunotherapeutics, biopharmaceuticals and gene therapy, 29(4), 285-300 (2015-09-04)
Authorization to market a biosimilar product by the appropriate institutions is expected based on biosimilarity with its originator product. The analogy between the originator and its biosimilar(s) is assessed through safety, purity, and potency analyses. In this study, we proposed
Laurel M Mastro et al.
American journal of veterinary research, 75(7), 658-667 (2014-06-25)
To compare whole-body phenylalanine kinetics and the abundance of factors in signaling pathways associated with skeletal muscle protein synthesis and protein breakdown between horses with pituitary pars intermedia dysfunction (PPID) and age-matched control horses without PPID. 12 aged horses (6
Masato Nakamura et al.
PloS one, 10(12), e0144295-e0144295 (2015-12-05)
MicroRNA-122 (miR-122) is one of the most abundant miRs in the liver. Previous studies have demonstrated that miR-122 plays a role in inflammation in the liver and functions in hepatic stellate cells (HSCs), which reside in the space of Disse.
Shi Yun Leong et al.
PLoS pathogens, 11(3), e1004686-e1004686 (2015-03-10)
Human Enterovirus 71 (EV71) commonly causes Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease in young children, and occasional occurrences of neurological complications can be fatal. In this study, a high-throughput cell-based screening on the serine/threonine kinase siRNA library was performed to identify
Use of a Plackett-Burman statistical design to determine the effect of selected amino acids on monoclonal antibody production in CHO cells.
Gonzalez-Leal IJ
Biotechnol. Progress, 27(6), 1709-1717 (2011)
Jianzhi Zhao et al.
PloS one, 10(7), e0131674-e0131674 (2015-07-15)
Hair follicle stem cells (HFSCs) in the bugle circularly generate outer root sheath (ORS) through linear proliferation within limited cycles during anagen phases. However, the mechanisms controlling the pace of HFSC proliferation remain unclear. Here we revealed that Foxp1, a
Angela C O Menegatti et al.
Journal of biological inorganic chemistry : JBIC : a publication of the Society of Biological Inorganic Chemistry, 20(1), 61-75 (2014-11-06)
Serine/threonine protein phosphatases have been described in many pathogenic bacteria as essential enzymes involved in phosphorylation-dependent signal transduction pathways and frequently associated with the virulence of these organisms. An inspection of Mycoplasma synoviae genome revealed the presence of a gene
Youngjoo Lee et al.
Cancer, 120(14), 2090-2098 (2014-04-17)
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) T790M mutation drives acquired drug resistance to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) in patients with EGFR-mutant lung cancer. However, it was reported that this mutation may exist before drug exposure. The objective of the current
K J Bär et al.
Neurobiology of aging, 24(2), 333-338 (2002-12-25)
Increasing evidence suggests an interaction of oxidative stress and the formation of advanced glycation end products (AGE) in the onset and progression of Alzheimer's disease. We studied levels of pentosidine and N(epsilon)-(carboxymethyl)-lysine (CML) in serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of
Jing-Ping Hsin et al.
Molecular and cellular biology, 34(13), 2488-2498 (2014-04-23)
The C-terminal domain of the RNA polymerase II largest subunit (the Rpb1 CTD) is composed of tandem heptad repeats of the consensus sequence Y(1)S(2)P(3)T(4)S(5)P(6)S(7). We reported previously that Thr 4 is phosphorylated and functions in histone mRNA 3'-end formation in
Jian-Zhuang Tan et al.
Journal of the science of food and agriculture, 95(1), 126-135 (2014-04-15)
The effects of dietary l-arginine (Arg) on immunosuppression following infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) inoculation in broiler chickens were evaluated. The design of this study was a 5 × 2 factorial arrangement (n = 5) with five Arg concentrations (starter:
Heath D Schmidt et al.
Addiction biology, 20(2), 285-296 (2014-02-11)
Emerging evidence indicates that type I metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) in the nucleus accumbens play a critical role in cocaine seeking. The present study sought to determine the role of accumbens core mGluR1, mGluR5 and protein kinase C (PKC) in
Asataro Yamamoto et al.
The FEBS journal, 280(20), 5145-5159 (2013-08-21)
Superoxide production by Nox1, a member of the Nox family NAPDH oxidases, requires expression of its regulatory soluble proteins Noxo1 (Nox organizer 1) and Noxa1 (Nox activator 1) and is markedly enhanced upon cell stimulation with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA)
Serge Viatchenko-Karpinski et al.
Journal of molecular and cellular cardiology, 76, 247-256 (2014-09-25)
An increase of late Na(+) current (INaL) in cardiac myocytes can raise the cytosolic Na(+) concentration and is associated with activation of Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) and alterations of mitochondrial metabolism and Ca(2+) handling by sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR). We
Giulia Maria Camerino et al.
PloS one, 10(6), e0129686-e0129686 (2015-06-13)
Muscle disuse produces severe atrophy and a slow-to-fast phenotype transition in the postural Soleus (Sol) muscle of rodents. Antioxidants, amino-acids and growth factors were ineffective to ameliorate muscle atrophy. Here we evaluate the effects of nandrolone (ND), an anabolic steroid
S Ishiwata et al.
The Tohoku journal of experimental medicine, 176(1), 61-68 (1995-05-01)
To evaluate the clinical usefulness of serum 1-methyladenosine, several modifications have been made in our previously established inhibition ELISA system. Horseradish peroxidase (HRP) labeled anti-mouse IgG and 3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine (TMBZ) were used as a secondary antibody and a substrate, respectively. The
Initial clinical sensitivity and acquired resistance to MET inhibition in MET-mutated papillary renal cell carcinoma.
Jennifer R Diamond et al.
Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology, 31(16), e254-e258 (2013-04-24)
Yira Bermudez et al.
Cancer prevention research (Philadelphia, Pa.), 8(8), 720-728 (2015-06-03)
The incidence of skin cancer is higher than all other cancers and continues to increase, with an average annual cost over $8 billion in the United States. As a result, identifying molecular pathway alterations that occur with UV exposure to
Dmitriy Smolensky et al.
BMC cancer, 15, 927-927 (2015-11-26)
Doxorubicin (Dox) is widely used to treat progressed bladder cancer after transurethral resection. The use of Dox-chemotherapy has been limited due to induced drug resistance and cumulative cardiotoxic effects. N-benzyladriamycin-14-valerate (AD198), a novel derivative of Dox, has a potential to
Chris Edens et al.
Vaccine, 33(37), 4712-4718 (2015-03-17)
Very high vaccination coverage is required to eliminate measles, but achieving high coverage can be constrained by the logistical challenges associated with subcutaneous injection. To simplify the logistics of vaccine delivery, a patch containing micron-scale polymeric needles was formulated to
Laura Vuolo et al.
Journal of cell science, 128(15), 2928-2937 (2015-06-21)
Protein kinase A (PKA) accumulates at the base of the cilium where it negatively regulates the Hedgehog (Hh) pathway. Although PKA activity is essentially controlled by the cAMP produced by adenylyl cyclases, the influence of these enzymes on the Hh
Grace Kwan et al.
Applied and environmental microbiology, 81(3), 861-873 (2014-11-25)
Salmonella enterica is a member of the plant microbiome. Growth of S. enterica in sprouting-seed exudates is rapid; however, the active metabolic networks essential in this environment are unknown. To examine the metabolic requirements of S. enterica during growth in
Chung Hyo Kang et al.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 464(3), 762-767 (2015-07-15)
Here, we show the newly synthesized and potent ALK inhibitor having similar scaffold to KRCA-0008, which was reported previously, and its molecular mechanism against cancer cells harboring EML4-ALK fusion protein. Through ALK wild type enzyme assay, we selected two compounds
Natalia S Rozas et al.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 457(4), 635-639 (2015-01-24)
The genetic disease tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is an autosomal dominant disorder caused by loss of function mutations in either TSC1 (hamartin) or TSC2 (tuberin), which serve as negative regulators of mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) activity. TSC
Rheaclare Fraser et al.
Molecular pharmacology, 86(1), 76-85 (2014-04-23)
The dopamine transporter (DAT) reversibly transports dopamine (DA) through a series of conformational transitions. Alanine (T62A) or aspartate (T62D) mutagenesis of Thr62 revealed T62D-human (h)DAT partitions in a predominately efflux-preferring conformation. Compared with wild-type (WT), T62D-hDAT exhibits reduced [(3)H]DA uptake
Q Zhang et al.
Poultry science, 93(8), 1972-1980 (2014-06-07)
A study was conducted to establish the dietary Thr requirement of Pekin ducks from 15 to 35 d of age. Experimental diets were formulated to contain 0.55, 0.60, 0.65, 0.75, and 0.85% Thr (0.57, 0.60, 0.64, 0.72, and 0.80% on
Svetlana Boycheva et al.
Plant physiology, 167(1), 102-117 (2014-12-06)
Vitamin B(6) (pyridoxal 5'-phosphate) is an essential cofactor of many metabolic enzymes. Plants biosynthesize the vitamin de novo employing two enzymes, pyridoxine synthase1 (PDX1) and PDX2. In Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana), there are two catalytically active paralogs of PDX1 (PDX1.1 and
Sarah Schmidt et al.
Journal of leukocyte biology, 98(1), 5-14 (2015-02-04)
The deoxynucleoside triphosphate triphosphohydrolase and 3' → 5' exonuclease SAMHD1 restricts HIV-1 infection in noncycling hematopoietic cells in vitro, and SAMHD1 mutations are associated with AGS. Little is known about the in vivo expression and functional regulation of this cellular
Francesca Siepi et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1833(6), 1443-1453 (2013-03-15)
HIPK2 (homeodomain-interacting protein kinase-2) binds to and phosphorylates, at Ser and Thr residues, a large number of targets involved in cell division and cell fate decision in response to different physiological or stress stimuli. Inactivation of HIPK2 has been observed
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