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F Paradis et al.
Journal of animal science, 93(7), 3331-3341 (2015-10-07)
In beef cattle, production feedstuffs are the largest variable input cost. Beef cattle also have a large carbon footprint, raising concern about their environmental impact. Unfortunately, only a small proportion of dietary energy is directed toward protein deposition and muscle
Joseph H Banoub et al.
Rapid communications in mass spectrometry : RCM, 29(19), 1717-1732 (2015-09-04)
This study examines the electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS), in-source collision-induced dissociation (CID) fragmentation and low-energy collision-induced dissociation tandem mass spectrometry (CID-MS/MS) of a synthetic pair of β- and α-anomers of the amphiphilic cholesteryl polyethoxy neoglycolipids containing the 2-azido-2-deoxy-D-galactosyl-D-GalN3 moiety.
Els van Pamel et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 407(15), 4485-4494 (2015-03-31)
This study concerns a validated liquid chromatographic/tandem mass spectrometric (LC-MS/MS) multiresidue method for the simultaneous detection, identification, and quantitation of 15 nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in bovine meat and milk. The NSAIDs considered are carprofen, diclofenac, flufenamic acid, flunixin (5-hydroxyflunixin
Rebecca Klar et al.
The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 35(19), 7600-7615 (2015-05-15)
Of the eight metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptor subtypes, only mGlu7 is expressed presynaptically at the Schaffer collateral (SC)-CA1 synapse in the hippocampus in adult animals. Coupled with the inhibitory effects of Group III mGlu receptor agonists on transmission at this
Stefan Wagner et al.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry, 23(12), 2839-2847 (2015-04-25)
Phosphopeptide mimetics containing the 4-phosphonocarbonyl phenylalanine (pcF) as a photo-active phosphotyrosine isoster are developed as potent, light-switchable inhibitors of the protein tyrosine phosphatase PTP1B. The photo-active inhibitors 6-10 are derived from phosphopeptide substrates and are prepared from the suitably protected
Shelly R H Pecorella et al.
American journal of physiology. Lung cellular and molecular physiology, 309(8), L857-L871 (2015-07-19)
The heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1)/carbon monoxide (CO) system induces mitochondrial biogenesis, but its biological impact in human skeletal muscle is uncertain. The enzyme system generates CO, which stimulates mitochondrial proliferation in normal muscle. Here we examined whether CO breathing can be
Long Ding et al.
Molecular medicine reports, 11(6), 4431-4437 (2015-01-31)
Bile acids, which are synthesized from cholesterol in the hepatocytes of the liver, are amphipathic molecules with a steroid backbone. Studies have shown that bile acid exhibits important effects on liver regeneration. However, the mechanism underlying these effects remains unclear.
Curtis D Pollman et al.
Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxicology, 93(5), 509-516 (2014-09-28)
The Everglades, an ecosystem of international significance, has elevated biota mercury levels representing risk to human and wildlife consumers of fish. Given the critical role of sulfate in the methylation of mercury, and because there is a significant agricultural contribution
Marzena Medrek et al.
Acta poloniae pharmaceutica, 70(4), 659-665 (2013-08-08)
The fullerene C60 has chemical properties which seem to predestinate it to be effective transporter of drugs in biological system. To prove this, the DFT/B3LYP (6-31G*) calculations were performed especially in order to determine the structures and energies of the
Mengjuan Hua et al.
Analytica chimica acta, 888, 173-181 (2015-09-01)
We herein proposed a simple and effective strategy for preparing graphene quantum dots (GQDs)-based core-satellite hybrid spheres and further explored the feasibility of using such spheres as the ratiometric fluorescence probe for the visual determination of Hg(2+). The red-emitting CdTe
Guillaume Povie et al.
Chimia, 67(4), 250-252 (2013-08-24)
Water or low molecular weight alcohols are, due to their availability, low price and low toxicity ideal reagents for organic synthesis. Recently, it was reported that, despite the very strong BDE of the O-H bond, they can be used as
Michael Kuncewitch et al.
Shock (Augusta, Ga.), 43(3), 268-275 (2014-12-17)
Renal ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury (IRI) after shock states or transplantation causes tissue damage and delayed graft function, respectively. The Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway plays a critical role in nephrogenesis. We therefore hypothesized that pharmacological activation of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling by the
Helen M Ashmead et al.
Biopolymers, 103(5), 260-270 (2014-11-25)
Proteins hold great promise in forming complex nanoscale structures which could be used in the development of new nanomaterials, devices, biosensors, electronics, and pharmaceuticals. The potential to produce nanomaterials from proteins is well supported by the numerous examples of self-assembling
Xiao Ma et al.
Molecular medicine reports, 11(2), 1228-1234 (2014-11-06)
Previous studies have suggested that hepatocyte apoptosis may be a fundamental underlying mechanism of liver injury and diseases, such as liver fibrosis. Relaxin‑3 has been reported to have anti‑fibrotic actions in the heart and to attenuate isoproterenol‑induced myocardial injury; however
Incidence and survival of non-O157 verocytotoxigenic Escherichia coli in soil
Bolton DJ, et al.
Journal of Applied Microbiology, 111(2), 484-490 (2011)
Satoko Sugawara et al.
Plant & cell physiology, 56(8), 1641-1654 (2015-06-17)
The phytohormone auxin plays a central role in many aspects of plant growth and development. IAA is the most studied natural auxin that possesses the property of polar transport in plants. Phenylacetic acid (PAA) has also been recognized as a
Bulent Uludag et al.
The journal of adhesive dentistry, 16(6), 523-529 (2014-09-30)
To evaluate the microleakage of Cerec 3, IPS e.max Press, and Turkom-Cera inlays cemented with three self-adhesive resin cements. Ninety standardized class III MOD cavities were prepared in intact human mandibular third molars. Ceramic inlays were fabricated according to the
Claudia Stäubert et al.
Oncotarget, 6(23), 19706-19720 (2015-04-04)
Cancer cells exhibit characteristic changes in their metabolism with efforts being made to address them therapeutically. However, targeting metabolic enzymes as such is a major challenge due to their essentiality for normal proliferating cells. The most successful pharmaceutical targets are
Lena Neufeld et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 491(1-2), 170-179 (2015-06-28)
A new design for nanocomposite hydrogels based on cross-linked chitosan for the delivery of mesalamine is presented. To enhance drug loading in chitosan, the mineral montmorillonite was incorporated into the matrix. The exfoliated silica montmorillonite nanosheets form interactions with both
Qin Wang et al.
International journal of molecular sciences, 16(6), 13885-13907 (2015-06-20)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common multifocal inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system (CNS). Due to the progressive neurodegenerative nature of MS, developing treatments that exhibit direct neuroprotective effects are needed. Tecfidera™ (BG-12) is an oral formulation
Y Fujikawa et al.
Neurogastroenterology and motility : the official journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society, 27(7), 1010-1023 (2015-05-12)
Enteric glial cells (EGCs) play important roles in enteric integrity and regulation of gastrointestinal function. However, whether EGCs undergo pathophysiological changes in stress-associated gastrointestinal disorders is unknown. We investigated structural and functional alterations in colonic EGCs and their roles in
Anindya Sarkar et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 290(35), 21615-21628 (2015-07-03)
Heat shock protein 90 (hsp90) drives heme insertion into the β1 subunit of soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) β1, which enables it to associate with a partner sGCα1 subunit and mature into a nitric oxide (NO)-responsive active form. We utilized fluorescence
Matthias Rögner
Biochemical Society transactions, 41(5), 1254-1259 (2013-09-26)
Requirements concerning the construction of a minimal photosynthetic design cell with direct coupling of water-splitting photosynthesis and H2 production are discussed in the present paper. Starting from a cyanobacterial model cell, Synechocystis PCC 6803, potentials and possible limitations are outlined
Renato Marano Rocha et al.
Archives of endocrinology and metabolism, 59(4), 297-302 (2015-09-04)
This study aimed to get the genotypic and allelic frequencies of rs1801282 in 179 volunteer donors and 154 patients with Metabolic syndrome (MetS) in Brasilia, Brazil and also examine the association with anthropometric, biochemical and hemodynamic variables in the latter
Kristina S Burrack et al.
PLoS pathogens, 11(10), e1005191-e1005191 (2015-10-06)
Arthritogenic alphaviruses, including Ross River virus (RRV) and chikungunya virus (CHIKV), are responsible for explosive epidemics involving millions of cases. These mosquito-transmitted viruses cause inflammation and injury in skeletal muscle and joint tissues that results in debilitating pain. We previously
Multiplex PCR for rapid detection of genes encoding acquired metallo-beta-lactamases.
Matthew J Ellington et al.
The Journal of antimicrobial chemotherapy, 59(2), 321-322 (2006-12-23)
Rui-Tang Guo et al.
Environmental technology, 35(13-16), 1766-1772 (2014-06-25)
CeO2-CuO/Al2O3 catalysts were prepared by three different methods and their activities for selective catalytic reduction (SCR) of NO with NH3 were investigated. As can be seen from the experimental results, the catalyst prepared by the single-step sol-gel (SG) method showed
Diana Adliene et al.
Radiation protection dosimetry, 165(1-4), 406-409 (2015-03-31)
Evaluation of the new lead-free optically transparent nanocomposites is provided in this paper along with the introduction to their fabrication technologies and the results of investigation of their X-ray attenuating and optical properties before and after their exposure to high
Egor V Verbitskiy et al.
Journal of fluorescence, 25(3), 763-775 (2015-03-31)
Novel donor-π-acceptor dyes bearing the pyrimidine unit as an electron-withdrawing group have been synthesized by using combination of two processes, based on the microwave-assisted Suzuki cross-coupling reaction and nucleophilic aromatic substitution of hydrogen. Spectral properties of the obtained dyes in
Simon Kaja et al.
Experimental eye research, 138, 159-166 (2015-06-07)
Optic nerve head astrocytes (ONHAs) are the major glia cell type in the non-myelinated optic nerve head where they contribute critically to extracellular matrix synthesis during development and throughout life. In glaucoma, and in related disorders affecting the optic nerve
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