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Hala M Heneedak et al.
Biomedical chromatography : BMC, 29(7), 998-1007 (2014-11-25)
The prerequisites for forensic confirmatory analysis by LC/MS/MS with respect to European Union guidelines are chromatographic separation, a minimum number of two MS/MS transitions to obtain the required identification points and predefined thresholds for the variability of the relative intensities
Ines van Dooren et al.
Journal of ethnopharmacology, 169, 69-75 (2015-04-12)
Infusions of Herniaria hirsuta L., Herniaria glabra L. and Herniaria fontanesii J.Gay are well known in Moroccon folk medicine for the treatment of biliary dyskinesia, (uro)lithiasis or as a diuretic. Herniariae Herba which can contain H. glabra and H. hirsuta
Nicolas Chevalier et al.
Human reproduction (Oxford, England), 30(2), 447-453 (2014-12-21)
Does a relationship exist between insulin-like peptide 3 (INSL3) and selected environmental endocrine disruptors (EEDs) in human cord blood (cb)? In the whole population (cryptorchid and control boys) cbINSL3 correlated negatively with cb free bisphenol A (BPA) providing indirect evidence
Adrian Weisz et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1380, 120-129 (2015-01-17)
Three low-level subsidiary color impurities (A, B, and C) often present in batches of the color additive D&C Red No. 33 (R33, Acid Red 33, Colour Index No. 17200) were separated from a portion of R33 by spiral high-speed counter-current
Sohan Sengupta et al.
BMC microbiology, 15, 170-170 (2015-08-22)
New broad spectrum antimicrobial agents are urgently needed to combat frequently emerging multi drug resistant pathogens. Actinomycetes, the most talented group of microorganisms isolated from unexplored regions of the world may be the ultimate solution to this problem. Thus the
Majid Afshari et al.
Natural product research, 29(14), 1300-1306 (2015-01-09)
In this study, the combined effect of pH, temperature and agitation speed on yellow pigment production and mycelial growth of Penicillium aculeatum ATCC 10409 was investigated in whey media. Different pH levels (5, 6.5 and 8), temperatures (25, 30 and
Nrupa Borkar et al.
European journal of pharmaceutics and biopharmaceutics : official journal of Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Pharmazeutische Verfahrenstechnik e.V, 89, 216-223 (2014-12-17)
Apomorphine, a subcutaneously administered drug for Parkinson's disease with short half-life requires frequent administration leading to patient non-compliance. This study aimed at synthesising and purifying lipophilic diesters of apomorphine, and investigating their in vitro degradation in biorelevant media before and
Valeria Ferretti et al.
Molecular pharmaceutics, 12(5), 1501-1511 (2015-03-21)
Co-crystals are crystalline complexes of two or more molecules bound together in crystal lattices through noncovalent interactions. The solubility and dissolution properties of co-crystals can allow to increase the bioavailability of poorly water-soluble active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs). It is currently
M Kosová et al.
Journal of clinical pharmacy and therapeutics, 40(4), 436-440 (2015-05-28)
Parabens have been commonly used as preservatives in pharmaceutical and cosmetics industries for almost 50 years. These compounds are thermostable, pH-stable and inexpensive and have a wide antimicrobial effect. The antimicrobial activity of parabens in emulsion system is limited by
Zareen S Khan et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1418, 228-232 (2015-10-04)
Public exposure to pesticide residues through the main/side-stream smoke of tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) is an international concern. This article reports optimization and validation of large-scale multiresidue analysis methods involving low pressure and traditional gas chromatography tandem mass spectrometry in
John Suberu et al.
Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis, 117, 522-531 (2015-10-18)
An improved liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) protocol for rapid analysis of co-metabolites of A. annua in raw extracts was developed and extensively characterized. The new method was used to analyse metabolic profiles of 13 varieties of A. annua from
Xavier Matabosch et al.
Drug testing and analysis, 7(8), 663-672 (2014-12-30)
Glucocorticosteroids are prohibited in sports when administered by systemic routes and allowed using other administrations for therapeutic reasons. Therefore, markers to distinguish between routes of administration through the analysis of urine samples are needed in anti-doping control. As a first
María Cordero-Vaca et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 407(16), 4615-4627 (2015-05-01)
Four different crosslinked polymeric ionic liquid (PIL)-based sorbent coatings were evaluated in an automated direct-immersion solid-phase microextraction method (automated DI-SPME) in combination with gas chromatography (GC). The crosslinked PIL coatings were based on vinyl-alkylimidazolium- (ViCnIm-) or vinylbenzyl-alkylimidazolium- (ViBzCnIm-) IL monomers
Yang Yang et al.
Inorganic chemistry, 54(12), 5839-5854 (2015-05-23)
A series of monomeric zinc silylamido complexes bearing [NNNO]-type tetradentate aminophenolate ligands, LZnN(SiMe3)2 [L = {(2-R(1))ArCH2N[(CH2)2R(2)]CH2(4-R(4)-6-R(3))C6H2O-}, R(1) = NMe2, R(2) = N(i)Pr2, R(3) = R(4) = Cl (1), R(3) = R(4) = cumyl (3); R(1) = NMe2, R(2) = NEt2
Benito F García et al.
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 20(11), 20079-20106 (2015-11-13)
The citrus by-products released from citrus processing plants may contain high levels of potentially bioactive compounds such as flavonoids, which are a widely distributed group of polyphenolic compounds with health-related properties based on their antioxidant activity. In the study reported
Thi Van Anh Ha et al.
Food chemistry, 178, 115-121 (2015-02-24)
Lycopene nanoemulsions were prepared to protect the antioxidant activity and improve the bioaccessibility of lycopene-enriched tomato extract (containing 6% of lycopene) by an emulsification-evaporation method. Lycopene nanoemulsions, with droplet sizes between 100 and 200 nm, exhibited higher anti-radical efficiency and
Q Q He et al.
Organic & biomolecular chemistry, 13(13), 4070-4079 (2015-03-05)
This study investigated the unexpected decomposition and associated intermediates of compound 1, a specific member of a drug discovery library based on a monosaccharide scaffold. LC/MS and NMR spectroscopic analyses indicated that, under acidic conditions, 1 can be converted into
Christina O'Rourke et al.
Annals of botany, 116(2), 225-236 (2015-06-27)
During evolution, plants have acquired and/or lost diverse sugar residues as cell-wall constituents. Of particular interest are primordial cell-wall features that existed, and in some cases abruptly changed, during the momentous step whereby land-plants arose from charophytic algal ancestors. Polysaccharides
Alain Krief et al.
Journal of separation science, 38(14), 2545-2550 (2015-05-02)
The absolute configuration of rhizopine, an opine-like natural product present in nitrogen-fixing nodules of alfalfa infected by rhizobia, is elucidated using a combination of state-of-the-art analytical and semi-preparative supercritical fluid chromatography and vibrational circular dichroism spectroscopy. A synthetic peracetylated racemate
Fuchao Xu et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1401, 33-41 (2015-05-23)
A multi-residue analytical method was developed for the determination of a range of flame retardants (FRs), including polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), emerging halogenated FRs (EFRs) and organophosphate FRs (PFRs), in food matrices. An ultrasonication and vacuum assisted extraction (UVAE), followed
Alessandro Busetti et al.
Marine drugs, 13(6), 3581-3605 (2015-06-10)
The marine brown alga Halidrys siliquosa is known to produce compounds with antifouling activity against several marine bacteria. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial and antibiofilm activity of organic extracts obtained from the marine brown alga
Rune Gangsøy Kristiansen et al.
American journal of physiology. Gastrointestinal and liver physiology, 307(10), G1024-G1031 (2014-09-27)
Glycine is an important ammoniagenic amino acid, which is increased in acute liver failure (ALF). We have previously shown that L-ornithine phenylacetate (OP) attenuates ammonia rise and intracranial pressure in pigs suffering from ALF but failed to demonstrate a stoichiometric
Clara H Jeong et al.
Environmental science & technology, 49(23), 13749-13759 (2015-05-06)
The introduction of drinking water disinfection greatly reduced waterborne diseases. However, the reaction between disinfectants and natural organic matter in the source water leads to an unintended consequence, the formation of drinking water disinfection byproducts (DBPs). The haloacetaldehydes (HALs) are
Bilal Yilmaz et al.
Journal of AOAC International, 97(4), 1061-1066 (2014-08-26)
This paper describes a GCIMS method for the determination of flurbiprofen in human plasma. Flurbiprofen and internal standard ibuprofen were extracted from plasma by using a liquid-liquid extraction method. Derivatization was carried out using N-Methyl-N-(trimethylsilyl)trifluoroacetamide. The calibration curve was linear
Wei-Ming Chai et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 63(33), 7381-7387 (2015-08-11)
Proanthocyanidins were purified from avocado (Persea americana) fruit, and their structures were analyzed by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) and high-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-QTRAP mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI-QTRAP MS) techniques. The results obtained from mass spectrometry (MS) analysis demonstrated
Y Liu et al.
Journal of veterinary pharmacology and therapeutics, 38(4), 383-391 (2014-12-18)
The pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution of quinocetone (QCT) in crucian carp (Carassius auratus), common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.), and grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) were compared after oral administration of QCT (50 mg/kg body weight) at water temperature of 24 ±
Nicolas Morin et al.
Environmental science & technology, 49(13), 7675-7683 (2015-06-10)
The plastic additive bisphenol A (BPA) is commonly found in landfill leachate at levels exceeding acute toxicity benchmarks. To gain insight into the mechanisms controlling BPA emissions from waste and waste-handling facilities, a comprehensive field and laboratory campaign was conducted
Marlene Vila et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1405, 12-22 (2015-06-21)
A methodology based on pressurized liquid extraction (PLE) followed by gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (GC-MS/MS) has been developed for the simultaneous analysis of different classes of UV filters including methoxycinnamates, benzophenones, salicylates, p-aminobenzoic acid derivatives, and others in cosmetic products.
Katherine Chulvi et al.
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 20(11), 20688-20698 (2015-11-28)
The crystal structure of two neutral triarylmethane dyes with a p-quinone methide core was determined by X-ray diffraction analysis. The spectroscopic characteristics of both compounds in 23 solvents with different polarities or hydrogen-bonding donor (HBD) abilities has been studied as
Eunjae Jung et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 487(1-2), 49-55 (2015-04-12)
The aim of this study was to develop drug-in adhesive (DIA) patch formulations for the transdermal delivery of fluoxetine (FX). The DIA patch formulations containing FX were prepared and optimized with various pressure sensitive adhesives, drug contents and enhancers. Among
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