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D Brouard et al.
Vox sanguinis, 108(2), 197-204 (2014-12-04)
The last two decades have seen major developments in genotyping assays to facilitate the procurement of red blood cell units to alloimmunized patients. To make genotyping faster, simpler and less costly, a nanotechnology approach based on metal/silica fluorescent nanoparticles and
Hannelore Rücker et al.
Organic & biomolecular chemistry, 13(10), 3040-3047 (2015-01-27)
Inflammatory signaling pathways orchestrate the cellular response to infection and injury. These pathways are known to be modulated by compounds that alkylate cysteinyl thiols. One class of phytochemicals with strong thiol alkylating activity is the chalcones. In this study we
Xin Zheng et al.
Journal of virology, 89(9), 4786-4797 (2015-01-30)
Angiopoietin-1 (ANGPT-1) is a secreted glycoprotein that was first characterized as a ligand of the Tie2 receptor. In a previous study using microarray analysis, we found that the expression of ANGPT-1 was upregulated in Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV)-infected primary effusion
Franziska Barthel et al.
Anesthesiology, 121(1), 160-169 (2014-03-07)
Dysfunction of spinal glycinergic neurotransmission is a major pathogenetic factor in neuropathic pain. The synaptic glycine concentration is controlled by the two glycine transporters (GlyT) 1 and 2. GlyT inhibitors act antinociceptive in various animal pain models when applied as
Catherine E Smith et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 290(35), 21580-21590 (2015-07-15)
Previous studies reported the reconstitution of an Mlh1-Pms1-independent 5' nick-directed mismatch repair (MMR) reaction using Saccharomyces cerevisiae proteins. Here we describe the reconstitution of a mispair-dependent Mlh1-Pms1 endonuclease activation reaction requiring Msh2-Msh6 (or Msh2-Msh3), proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), and
H Craig Heller et al.
Neurobiology of learning and memory, 116, 162-171 (2014-12-03)
Down syndrome (DS) has an incidence of about 1/700 births, and is therefore the most common cause of cognitive and behavioral impairments in children. Recent studies on mouse models of DS indicate that a number of pharmacotherapies could be beneficial
Sandra Milena Bernal Ulloa et al.
Zygote (Cambridge, England), 23(3), 367-377 (2014-01-16)
Cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) modulators have been used to avoid spontaneous oocyte maturation and concomitantly improve oocyte developmental competence. The current work evaluated the effects of the addition of cAMP modulators forskolin, 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX) and cilostamide during in vitro maturation
Valentina Fodale et al.
PloS one, 9(12), e112262-e112262 (2014-12-03)
In Huntington's disease, expansion of a CAG triplet repeat occurs in exon 1 of the huntingtin gene (HTT), resulting in a protein bearing>35 polyglutamine residues whose N-terminal fragments display a high propensity to misfold and aggregate. Recent data demonstrate that
Patrick Osei-Owusu et al.
Infection and immunity, 83(4), 1507-1522 (2015-02-04)
The type III secretion system is employed by many pathogens, including the genera Yersinia, Shigella, Pseudomonas, and Salmonella, to deliver effector proteins into eukaryotic cells. The injectisome needle is formed by the polymerization of a single protein, e.g., YscF (Yersinia
Jixun Luo et al.
TAG. Theoretical and applied genetics. Theoretische und angewandte Genetik, 128(7), 1407-1419 (2015-04-22)
The distribution of starch synthase I and starch branching enzyme IIb between the starch granule and amyloplast stroma plays an important role in determining endosperm amylose content of cereal grains. Starch synthase IIa (SSIIa) catalyses the polymerisation of intermediate length
Hui-Chen Wang et al.
PloS one, 10(5), e0125903-e0125903 (2015-05-02)
Previously, we demonstrated that progesterone (P4) at physiologic levels (5-500 nM) inhibited proliferation in cultured rat aortic smooth muscle cells (RASMCs) through a P4 receptor (PR)-dependent pathway. We also showed that P4-induced cell cycle arrest in RASMCs occurs when the
Xiaorui Han et al.
FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, 29(7), 3054-3064 (2015-04-15)
Metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (Malat1) is an example of a functional long noncoding RNA involved in many biologic processes. However, the mechanisms for Malat1 in myogenesis are unclear. Serum response factor (SRF) is a pivotal transcription factor for muscle
Nguyen H Tran et al.
Chemical Society reviews, 42(24), 9454-9479 (2013-09-18)
Presently there is a glut of glycerol as the by-product of biofuel production and it will grow as production increases. The conundrum is how we can consume this material and convert it into a more useful product. One potential route
Wen Qin et al.
Chembiochem : a European journal of chemical biology, 15(18), 2747-2753 (2014-10-30)
Macrolactins (MLNs) have unique structural patterns containing a 24-membered ring lactone and diverse bioactivities. The MLN skeleton is biosynthesized via a trans-acyl transferase (AT) type I polyketide synthase (PKS) pathway, but the tailoring steps are still unknown. Herein, we report
Shweta Mishra et al.
PloS one, 10(1), e0116611-e0116611 (2015-01-31)
New Delhi metallo β-lactamases are one of the most significant emerging resistance determinants towards carbapenem drugs. Their persistence and adaptability often depends on their genetic environment and linkage. This study reports a unique and novel arrangement of blaNDM-1 gene within
Marc Simard et al.
The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism, 100(1), E129-E139 (2014-10-17)
Corticosteroid-binding globulin (CBG) is encoded by SERPINA6. It is the major plasma binding protein of glucocorticoids and regulates plasma cortisol levels and bioavailability in humans. Several proteases target CBG and disrupt its steroid-binding properties. To date, most genetic deficiencies that
Feng Liu et al.
American journal of otolaryngology, 36(6), 763-771 (2015-11-08)
The tumor suppressor p14(ARF) and proto-oncogene epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) play important roles in the development of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC). This study was aimed to determine whether combining recombinant p14(ARF) with antisense complementary DNA of EGFR could
Kaowen Yan et al.
The Journal of cell biology, 210(2), 209-224 (2015-07-22)
Deubiquitinating enzymes (DUBs) negatively regulate protein ubiquitination and play an important role in diverse physiological processes, including mitotic division. The BRCC36 isopeptidase complex (BRISC) is a DUB that is specific for lysine 63-linked ubiquitin hydrolysis; however, its biological function remains
Hossein Vakili et al.
International journal of pharmaceutics, 483(1-2), 244-249 (2014-12-21)
The aim of the study was to investigate applicability of near infra-red (NIR) hyperspectral imaging technique in quality control of printed personalised dosage forms. Inkjet printing technology was utilized to fabricate escalating doses of an active pharmaceutical ingredient (API). A
Fang Zhang et al.
PloS one, 10(7), e0132948-e0132948 (2015-07-22)
Bacteria predominantly reside in microbial communities known as biofilms, where cells are encapsulated and protected by the extracellular matrix (ECM). While all biofilm cells benefit from the ECM, only a subgroup of cells carries the burden of producing this public
Uwe Lendeckel et al.
Molecular medicine reports, 12(2), 2253-2262 (2015-04-22)
A disintegrin and metalloproteinase domain-containing protein 12 (ADAM12) belongs to the ADAM family of transmembrane proteins. Via proteolysis, cell adhesion, cell-cell fusion, cell-matrix interaction and membrane protein shedding, ADAM proteins are involved in normal brain development, and also in cancer
Yi-Shuai Zhang et al.
Free radical biology & medicine, 83, 115-128 (2015-02-24)
Nuclear myosin regulates gene transcription and this novel function might be modulated through phosphorylation of the myosin regulatory light chain (p-MLC20). Nonmuscle MLC20 (nmMLC20) is also present in the nuclei of cardiomyocytes and a potential nmMLC20 binding sequence has been
Ayten Hijazi et al.
FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, 29(12), 4968-4977 (2015-08-19)
Developmental exposure to bisphenol A (BPA) is associated with lung dysfunction and diseases. However, it is unknown if this association has a fetal origin. The present study addressed this important question by examining the effects of BPA on fetal lung
A Troshchynsky et al.
Genes and immunity, 16(6), 388-398 (2015-06-05)
Human terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (hTdT) is a DNA polymerase that functions to generate diversity in the adaptive immune system. Here, we focus on the function of naturally occurring single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of hTdT to evaluate their role in genetic-generated immune
Masaki Hiramoto et al.
International journal of molecular medicine, 36(1), 222-230 (2015-05-09)
Although recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have been extremely successful, it remains a big challenge to functionally annotate disease‑associated single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), as the majority of these SNPs are located in non‑coding regions of the genome. In this study
Joseph P Salisbury et al.
BMC genomics, 16, 166-166 (2015-04-17)
The brown ghost knifefish (Apteronotus leptorhynchus) is a weakly electric teleost fish of particular interest as a versatile model system for a variety of research areas in neuroscience and biology. The comprehensive information available on the neurophysiology and neuroanatomy of
Jennifer C Bailey et al.
Immunology, 143(4), 679-691 (2014-07-06)
CD1d-mediated lipid antigen presentation activates a subset of innate immune lymphocytes called invariant natural killer T (NKT) cells that, by virtue of their potent cytokine production, bridge the innate and adaptive immune systems. Transforming growth factor (TGF-β) is a known
Sunita Maharjan et al.
Scientific reports, 4, 5896-5896 (2014-08-01)
Dysfunctions of the mitochondria and the ubiquitin-proteasome system, as well as generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), are linked to many aging-related neurodegenerative disorders. However, the order of these events remains unclear. Here, we show that the initial impairment occurs
Jinbo Liu et al.
Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 467(2), 197-203 (2015-10-11)
Mitochondrial dysfunction is a direct target of hypoxic/ischemic stress in astrocytes, which results in the increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Previous reports showed that ROS can activate NF-kB in spinal cord astrocytes, which occurs as a secondary injury
Urea cycle disorder drug approved.
Malini Guha
Nature biotechnology, 31(4), 274-274 (2013-04-09)
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