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A new method for discovering EMAST sequences in animal models of cancer.

Scientific reports (2018-09-15)
Nitya Bhaskaran, Jennifer Luu, Scott T Kelley, Mohammad W Khan, Priyadarshini Mamindla, Kathleen L McGuire
ABSTRACT

Elevated Microsatellite Alterations at Selected Tetranucleotide repeats (EMAST) occur in up to 60% of colorectal cancers and may associate with aggressive and advanced disease in patients. Although EMAST occurs in many cancer types, current understanding is limited due to the lack of an animal model. Reported here is the design and implementation of an algorithm for detecting EMAST repeats in mice. This algorithm incorporates properties of known human EMAST sequences to identify repeat sequences in animal genomes and was able to identify EMAST-like sequences in the mouse. Seven of the identified repeats were analyzed further in a colon cancer mouse model and six of the seven displayed EMAST instability characteristic of that seen in human colorectal cancers. In conclusion, the algorithm developed successfully identified EMAST repeats in an animal genome and, for the first time, EMAST has been shown to occur in a mouse model of colon cancer.

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REDExtract-N-Amp PCR ReadyMix, Ready-to-use 2X PCR Master Mix with Loading Dye