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P2X7 receptor inhibition ameliorates dendritic spine pathology and social behavioral deficits in Rett syndrome mice.

Nature communications (2020-04-15)
Juan Mauricio Garré, Hernandez Moura Silva, Juan J Lafaille, Guang Yang
ABSTRACT

Dysregulated immunity has been implicated in the pathogenesis of neurodevelopmental disorders but its contribution to synaptic and behavioral deficits in Rett syndrome (RTT) remains unknown. P2X7 receptors (P2X7Rs) are unique purinergic receptors with pro-inflammatory functions. Here, we report in a MECP2-deficient mouse model of RTT that the border of the cerebral cortex exhibits increased number of inflammatory myeloid cells expressing cell-surface P2X7Rs. Total knockout of P2X7Rs in MECP2 deficient mice decreases the number of inflammatory myeloid cells, restores cortical dendritic spine dynamics, and improves the animals' neurological function and social behavior. Furthermore, either genetic depletion of P2X7Rs in bone-marrow derived leukocytes or pharmacological block of P2X7Rs primarily outside of the central nervous system parenchyma, recapitulates the beneficial effects of total P2X7R depletion on the social behavior. Together, our results highlight the pathophysiological roles of P2X7Rs in a mouse model of RTT.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Dulbecco′s Phosphate Buffered Saline, Modified, without calcium chloride and magnesium chloride, liquid, sterile-filtered, suitable for cell culture
Sigma-Aldrich
Brilliant Blue G, 250, for microscopy
Sigma-Aldrich
p-Toluenesulfonic acid monohydrate, ≥99% (calc. to H2O free subst.)
Sigma-Aldrich
JNJ-47965567, ≥98% (HPLC)