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A plant-specific SWR1 chromatin-remodeling complex couples histone H2A.Z deposition with nucleosome sliding.

The EMBO journal (2020-03-03)
Yu-Xi Luo, Xiao-Mei Hou, Cui-Jun Zhang, Lian-Mei Tan, Chang-Rong Shao, Rong-Nan Lin, Yin-Na Su, Xue-Wei Cai, Lin Li, She Chen, Xin-Jian He
ABSTRACT

Deposition of H2A.Z in chromatin is known to be mediated by a conserved SWR1 chromatin-remodeling complex in eukaryotes. However, little is known about whether and how the SWR1 complex cooperates with other chromatin regulators. Using immunoprecipitation followed by mass spectrometry, we found all known components of the Arabidopsis thaliana SWR1 complex and additionally identified the following three classes of previously uncharacterized plant-specific SWR1 components: MBD9, a methyl-CpG-binding domain-containing protein; CHR11 and CHR17 (CHR11/17), ISWI chromatin remodelers responsible for nucleosome sliding; and TRA1a and TRA1b, accessory subunits of the conserved NuA4 histone acetyltransferase complex. MBD9 directly interacts with CHR11/17 and the SWR1 catalytic subunit PIE1, and is responsible for the association of CHR11/17 with the SWR1 complex. MBD9, TRA1a, and TRA1b function as canonical components of the SWR1 complex to mediate H2A.Z deposition. CHR11/17 are not only responsible for nucleosome sliding but also involved in H2A.Z deposition. These results indicate that the association of the SWR1 complex with CHR11/17 may facilitate the coupling of H2A.Z deposition with nucleosome sliding, thereby co-regulating gene expression, development, and flowering time.

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