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  • Bacterial lipopolysaccharide induces the intracellular expression of trophoblastic specific CD74 isoform in human first trimester trophoblast cells: Correlation with unsuccessful early pregnancy.

Bacterial lipopolysaccharide induces the intracellular expression of trophoblastic specific CD74 isoform in human first trimester trophoblast cells: Correlation with unsuccessful early pregnancy.

Journal of reproductive immunology (2020-06-11)
Waleed Al Abdulmonem, Zafar Rasheed, Hussain Al Ssadh, Abdullah Alkhamiss, Abdullah Sm Aljohani, Nelson Fernández
ABSTRACT

During first trimester of human pregnancy, the maternal system develops immunity against infection and to provide protection of allogeneic foetus from abortion. This study was undertaken to determine the role of trophoblast specific CD74 isoforms in first trimester trophoblast derived cells under normal and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulated conditions. Gene and protein of CD74 were determined in first trimester trophoblast derived cells, JEG-3 and ACH-3 P and also in human placenta by PCR, western blotting and immunoprecipitation. Effect of LPS mediated infection on the regulation of CD74 isoforms was studied intracellularly and also on the cells surface by flow cytometry. Data demonstrated that JEG-3 and ACH-3 P cells under normal conditions have not expressed CD74 isoforms neither intracellularly or nor on the surface. These results were further validated directly in human placenta. However, treatment of these trophoblast cells with a bacterial LPS, significantly upregulated CD74 mRNA expression (p < 0.05). Furthermore, expression of CD74 on the surface was not detected even after stimulation with LPS. Interestingly, CD74 isoform at 35 kDa was significantly detected intracellularly upon stimulation with LPS (p < 0.05). These results were further confirmed by western blotting followed by immunoprecipitation. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study concluded that the bacterial LPS induce infection in the first trimester trophoblasts via intracellular upregulation of CD74. Data indicated that the lack of cell surface expression of trophoblastic specific isoforms of CD74 may provide protection for human pregnancy in the first trimester.

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Sigma-Aldrich
Lipopolysaccharides from Escherichia coli K-235, purified by gel-filtration chromatography