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Carbonic anhydrase activators: activation of the archaeal beta-class (Cab) and gamma-class (Cam) carbonic anhydrases with amino acids and amines.

Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters (2008-10-22)
Alessio Innocenti, Sabrina A Zimmerman, Andrea Scozzafava, James G Ferry, Claudiu T Supuran
ABSTRACT

Activation of the archaeal beta-class (Cab) and gamma-class (Cam) carbonic anhydrases (CAs, EC 4.2.1.1) with a series of natural and non-natural amino acids and aromatic/heterocyclic amines has been investigated. Cab, Zn-Cam and Co-Cam showed an activation profile with natural, L- and D-amino acids very different of those of the alpha-class enzymes CA I, II and III. Most of these compounds showed medium efficacy as archaeal CA activators, except for D-Phe and L-Tyr which were effective Cab activators (K(A)s of 10.3-10.5 microM), 2-pyridylmethylamine and 1-(2-aminoethyl)-piperazine which effectively activated Zn-Cam (K(A)s of 10.1-11.4 microM) and serotonin, L-adrenaline and 2-pyridylmethylamine which were the best Co-Cam activators (K(A)s of 0.97-8.9 microM). We prove here that the activation mechanisms of the alpha-, beta-, and gamma-class CAs are similar, although the activation profiles with various compounds differ dramatically between these diverse enzymes.

MATERIALS
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Product Description

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