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Carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii isolates from Tunisia producing the OXA-58-like carbapenem-hydrolyzing oxacillinase OXA-97.

Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy (2008-02-27)
Laurent Poirel, Wejdene Mansour, Olfa Bouallegue, Patrice Nordmann
ABSTRACT

The basis of the beta-lactam resistance of 39 multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii isolates recovered from hospitalized patients was studied. These isolates were collected from 2001 to 2005 at the Sahloul Hospital in Sousse, Tunisia. They belonged to two distinct clones. One clone that grouped 19 isolates produced a carbapenem-hydrolyzing oxacillinase, OXA-97, that differed from OXA-58 by a single amino acid substitution and conferred the same beta-lactam resistance profile as OXA-58. The bla(OXA-97) gene was located on plasmids that varied in size in 18 isolates and was chromosomally located in a single isolate. Cloning and sequencing identified genetic structures surrounding the bla(OXA-97) gene similar to those reported to be adjacent to the bla(OXA-58) gene. In addition, the novel ISAba8 element (which is of the IS21 family) was identified. This is the first report of the nosocomial spread of carbapenemase producers in A. baumannii isolates in Africa.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Ampicillin, anhydrous, 96.0-102.0% (anhydrous basis)