Dcp1-bodies in mouse oocytes.

Molecular biology of the cell (2009-10-09)
Adam Swetloff, Beatrice Conne, Joachim Huarte, Jean-Luc Pitetti, Serge Nef, Jean-Dominique Vassalli
ABSTRACT

Processing bodies (P-bodies) are cytoplasmic granules involved in the storage and degradation of mRNAs. In somatic cells, their formation involves miRNA-mediated mRNA silencing. Many P-body protein components are also found in germ cell granules, such as in mammalian spermatocytes. In fully grown mammalian oocytes, where changes in gene expression depend entirely on translational control, RNA granules have not as yet been characterized. Here we show the presence of P-body-like foci in mouse oocytes, as revealed by the presence of Dcp1a and the colocalization of RNA-associated protein 55 (RAP55) and the DEAD box RNA helicase Rck/p54, two proteins associated with P-bodies and translational control. These P-body-like structures have been called Dcp1-bodies and in meiotically arrested primary oocytes, two types can be distinguished based on their size. They also have different protein partners and sensitivities to the depletion of endogenous siRNA/miRNA and translational inhibitors. However, both type progressively disappear during in vitro meiotic maturation and are virtually absent in metaphase II-arrested secondary oocytes. Moreover, this disassembly of hDcp1a-bodies is concomitant with the posttranslational modification of EGFP-hDcp1a.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
REDTaq® ReadyMix PCR Reaction Mix, Complete PCR reagent with standard Taq DNA Polymerase and inert dye
Sigma-Aldrich
M2 medium, With HEPES, without penicillin and streptomycin, liquid, sterile-filtered, suitable for mouse embryo cell culture
Sigma-Aldrich
ReadyMix Taq PCR Reaction Mix, with MgCl2