Allergen protein detection was performed by a surface imprinted layer combined with an interdigitated capacitance (IDC) transducer that allowed label-free measurements. The immobilized imprinted polymers are the probes that bind to rubber allergen proteins extracted from products such as rubber gloves. Copolymers made from methacrylic acid-vinylpyrrolidone-dihydroxyethylene-bisacrylamide (MAA-NVP-DHEBA) are soluble in aqueous solution and eliminate the denaturation of protein. When deposited as a coating onto an IDC microelectrode transduction system, such materials lead to sensors that produce capacitance responses that are clearly dependent on the concentration of the latex protein (10-900 ng ml(-1)) in pH 7.4 buffer. The biosensor can detect Hev b1 within minutes and with a detection limit of 10 ng ml(-1). Different but related hevein allergenic proteins isolated from natural rubber latex from the rubber tree (Hev b1, Hev b2, and Hev b3) were distinguished by the imprinted material, depending on the dimension and conformation of these proteins with a selectivity factor of 4. They recognized Hevea latex proteins better than non-Hev b proteins, such as lysozyme, ovalbumin, and bovine serum albumin, by a factor of 2. Moreover, the sensor exhibited good operational stability of up to 180 days when used continuously at room temperature.