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Spectroscopic characterization of oligoaniline microspheres obtained by an aniline-persulfate approach.

The journal of physical chemistry. B (2011-01-28)
Daniela C Ferreira, José R Pires, Marcia L A Temperini
ABSTRACT

This paper investigates the structure of the products obtained from the polymerization of aniline with ammonium persulfate in a citrate/phosphate buffer solution at pH 3 by resonance Raman, NMR, FTIR, and UV-vis-NIR spectroscopies. All the spectroscopic data showed that the major product presented segments that were formed by a 1,4-Michael reaction between aniline and p-benzoquinone monoimine, ruling out the formation of polyazane structure that has been recently proposed. The characterization of samples obtained at different stages of the reaction indicated that, as the reaction progressed, phenazine units were formed and 1,4-Michael-type adducts were hydrolyzed/oxidized to yield benzoquinone. Raman mapping data suggested that phenazine-like segments could be related to the formation of the microspheres morphology.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Ammonium persulfate, BioXtra, ≥98.0%
Sigma-Aldrich
Ammonium persulfate, for molecular biology, suitable for electrophoresis, ≥98%
Sigma-Aldrich
Ammonium persulfate, BioUltra, for molecular biology, ≥98.0% (RT)
Sigma-Aldrich
Ammonium persulfate, free-flowing, Redi-Dri, reagent grade, 98%
Sigma-Aldrich
Ammonium persulfate, ACS reagent, ≥98.0%
Sigma-Aldrich
Ammonium persulfate, reagent grade, 98%