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Comparison of elastic properties of nickel-titanium orthodontic archwires.

Advances in clinical and experimental medicine : official organ Wroclaw Medical University (2013-05-28)
Michał Sarul, Beata Kowala, Joanna Antoszewska
ABSTRACT

Cognizance of the mechanical properties of nickel-titanium archwires is necessary for the management of orthodontic therapy with fixed appliances. Acting on the periodontium with forces that are too heavy may lead to such complications as: pain, tooth root resorption and destruction of the alveolar bone and may also lead to retardation in tooth movement. The aim of the study was to assess the activation and deactivation forces of nickel-titanium archwires: Titanol Superelastic, Copper NiTi 35oC and NeoSentalloy. The examined material was 90 samples of Titanol Superelastic, Copper NiTi 35oC and NeoSentalloy with diameters of 0.016 and 0.016 x 0.022. All tests were carried out on the Zwick mechanical tests machine at a temperature of 30o C. In the group of archwires with diameters 0.016, the levels of deactivation forces were, respectively, from highest to lowest: Titanol Supertelastic, NeoSentalloy, Copper NiTi 35oC. In the group of rectangular archwires 0.016 x 0.022, the highest deactivation forces were released in Titanol Superelastic. With the high levels of deflection, 0.016 x 0.022 NeoSentalloy archwires released statistically significantly higher levels of force than 0.016 x 0.022 Copper NiTi 35o C, but this force diminished rapidly with lower deflection and below 3 mm of deflection, the highest forces were released by Copper NiTi 35o C. Testing the mechanical properties of the nickel-titanium wires of various diameters, it was found that round section wires release forces which fall within the range of optimal forces.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Raney®-Nickel, W.R. Grace and Co. Raney® 2800, slurry, in H2O, active catalyst
Sigma-Aldrich
Nickel, nanopowder, <100 nm avg. part. size, ≥99% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Raney®-Nickel, W.R. Grace and Co. Raney® 2400, slurry, in H2O, active catalyst
Sigma-Aldrich
Nickel, foil, thickness 0.125 mm, ≥99.9%
Sigma-Aldrich
Nickel, powder, <150 μm, 99.99% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Nickel, wire, diam. 0.25 mm, ≥99.9%
Sigma-Aldrich
Nickel, foil, thickness 0.5 mm, 99.98% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Nickel, foil, thickness 0.1 mm, 99.98% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Nickel, wire, diam. 0.5 mm, ≥99.99% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Nickel, foil, thickness 0.25 mm, 99.995% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Nickel, wire, diam. 0.5 mm, ≥99.9% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Nickel, rod, diam. 6.35 mm, ≥99.99% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Nickel, sputtering target, diam. × thickness 2.00 in. × 0.25 in., 99.95% trace metals basis