• Home
  • Search Results
  • Dexamethasone-induced apoptosis involves cleavage of DNA to large fragments prior to internucleosomal fragmentation.

Dexamethasone-induced apoptosis involves cleavage of DNA to large fragments prior to internucleosomal fragmentation.

The Journal of biological chemistry (1993-02-15)
D G Brown, X M Sun, G M Cohen
ABSTRACT

Apoptosis is a major form of cell death, characterized morphologically by chromatin condensation and biochemically by endonuclease cleavage of DNA into oligonucleosomal fragments. Recently, we reported that zinc arrested dexamethasone-induced apoptosis in thymocytes at an early stage, as characterized morphologically by condensation of heterochromatin into clumps abutting the nuclear membrane. In this study, we show that zinc completely inhibits endonuclease cleavage of DNA into oligonucleosomal fragments but does not prevent the cleavage of DNA into high molecular weight fragments. These results indicate that the formation of these high molecular weight fragments, which correlates with the very early morphological features of apoptosis, is a critical event in glucocorticoid-induced apoptosis. The formation of these high molecular weight fragments, despite the inhibition by zinc of the endonuclease cleavage of DNA, suggests that key enzyme(s), other than the Ca2+/Mg(2+)-dependent endonuclease, are involved at the earliest stages of induction of apoptosis.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Dexamethasone, tested according to Ph. Eur.