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  • Goal directed fluid resuscitation decreases time for lactate clearance and facilitates early fascial closure in damage control surgery.

Goal directed fluid resuscitation decreases time for lactate clearance and facilitates early fascial closure in damage control surgery.

American journal of surgery (2013-12-04)
Mira H Ghneim, Justin L Regner, Daniel C Jupiter, Francis Kang, Gwen L Bonner, Melissa S Bready, Richard Frazee, David Ciceri, Matthew L Davis
ABSTRACT

Damage-control surgery frequently results in open abdomen. The objective of this study was to determine whether resuscitation with goal-directed fluid therapy (GDT) using "dynamic" hemodynamic indices via modern pulse contour analysis devices such as the FloTrac Vigileo monitor leads to lower fluid requirements, subsequent quicker abdominal closure, and overall improved outcomes in these patients. Patients admitted to the surgical intensive care unit with open abdomen were retrospectively reviewed. Those resuscitated with Vigileo-guided GDT were matched to those resuscitated by static clinical parameters. Total fluid intake and vasopressor requirements were similar in both groups. GDT with the Vigileo allowed earlier lactate clearance and reduced the number of days until abdominal wall closure by an average of .99 days. Vigileo-mediated GDT did not affect fluid volume or vasopressor use in open abdomen patients, but facilitated more effective resuscitation and decreased the number of days to fascial closure, leading to shorter hospital stays. Vigileo-mediated GDT, therefore, may improve overall outcomes in open abdomen patients.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Lactic acid, meets USP testing specifications
Sigma-Aldrich
Lactic acid, 85%, FCC
Sigma-Aldrich
Lactic acid, natural, ≥85%
Supelco
Lactic acid, Pharmaceutical Secondary Standard; Certified Reference Material
Sigma-Aldrich
DL-Lactic acid, 85 % (w/w), syrup
Sigma-Aldrich
DL-Lactic acid, ~90% (T)
Sigma-Aldrich
Lactic acid solution, ACS reagent, ≥85%
Sigma-Aldrich
Lactic acid solution, Vetec, reagent grade, 85%