Merck

Determination of limonene oxidation products using SPME and GC-MS.

Journal of chromatographic science (2003-02-25)
Susan Sonchik Marine, Jason Clemons
ABSTRACT

Limonene is a common component found in consumer goods ranging from beverages to cleaning compounds. Limonene oxidation products, however, have a less desirable flavor and fragrance. Early detection of limonene oxide formation would aid quality control. A method is developed to determine the concentration of limonene oxide in essential oils and beverages using solid-phase microextraction (SPME). A headspace sampling technique is used to reduce or eliminate the presence of less volatile components. Several different SPME fibers are tested, varying in polymer thickness, polymer cross-linking and bonding, and polarity of the polymer. For each fiber tested, the sampling time is optimized for reproducible results. The 7-microm-thick bonded poly(dimethylsiloxane) fiber provides the best results. External standards are used for quantitation.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), df 7 μm (PDMS), needle size 23 ga, for use with autosampler
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), df 7 μm (PDMS), needle size 24 ga, for use with manual holder
Supelco
SPME fiber assembly Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), df 7 μm (PDMS), needle size 24 ga, for use with autosampler