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Modelling uptake and toxicity of nickel in solution to Enchytraeus crypticus with biotic ligand model theory.

Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987) (2014-02-18)
Erkai He, Hao Qiu, Cornelis A M Van Gestel
ABSTRACT

Protons and other cations may inhibit metal uptake and alleviate metal toxicity in aquatic organisms, but less is known about these interactions in soil organisms. The present study investigated the influence of solution chemistry on uptake and toxicity of Ni in Enchytraeus crypticus after 14 days exposure. Ca(2+), Mg(2+) and Na(+) were found to exert significant effects on both uptake and toxicity of Ni. An extended Langmuir model, which incorporated cation competition effects, well predicted Ni uptake. The LC50{Ni(2+)} predicted by a developed Biotic Ligand Model matched well with observed values. These suggest that cation competition needs to be taken into account when modelling uptake and effects. The binding constants of Ni(2+), Mg(2+) and Na(+) on the uptake and toxic action sites were similar, but for Ca(2+) they differed. This indicates that the effect of Ca(2+) on Ni(2+) toxicity cannot simply be explained by the competition for entry into organism.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Raney®-Nickel, W.R. Grace and Co. Raney® 2800, slurry, in H2O, active catalyst
Sigma-Aldrich
Nickel, nanopowder, <100 nm avg. part. size, ≥99% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Nickel, foil, thickness 0.125 mm, ≥99.9%
Sigma-Aldrich
Nickel, powder, <150 μm, 99.99% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Raney®-Nickel, W.R. Grace and Co. Raney® 2400, slurry, in H2O, active catalyst
Sigma-Aldrich
Nickel, foil, thickness 0.5 mm, 99.98% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Nickel, wire, diam. 0.25 mm, ≥99.9%
Sigma-Aldrich
Nickel, foil, thickness 0.1 mm, 99.98% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Nickel, wire, diam. 0.5 mm, ≥99.9% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Nickel, wire, diam. 0.5 mm, ≥99.99% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Nickel, rod, diam. 6.35 mm, ≥99.99% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Nickel, foil, thickness 0.25 mm, 99.995% trace metals basis
Nickel, mesh, 100x250mm, nominal aperture 0.73mm, wire diameter 0.25mm, 26x26 wires/inch, open area 55%, plain weave mesh, 99%
Nickel, wire reel, 20m, diameter 0.025mm, as drawn, 99.98%
Nickel, wire reel, 10m, diameter 0.01mm, as drawn, 99.98%
Nickel, rod, 100mm, diameter 16mm, 99.99+%
Nickel, foil, not light tested, 100x100mm, thickness 0.01mm, 99.95%
Nickel, wire reel, 20m, diameter 0.125mm, hard, 99.98%
Nickel, rod, 100mm, diameter 3.0mm, 99%
Nickel, wire reel, 1m, diameter 1.0mm, hard, 99.98%
Nickel, broken cathode squares, 1000g, max. size 50mm, 99.8%
Nickel, tube, 1000mm, outside diameter 6.5mm, inside diameter 5.5mm, wall thickness 0.5mm, hard, 99.5%
Nickel, foil, 50mm disks, thickness 0.05mm, annealed, 99%
Nickel, wire reel, 20m, diameter 0.5mm, as drawn, 99%
Nickel, foil, 4mm disks, thickness 0.075mm, annealed, 99%
Nickel, foil, 4mm disks, thickness 0.075mm, as rolled, 99.98%
Nickel, foil, 4mm disks, thickness 0.125mm, annealed, 99%
Nickel, foil, 4mm disks, thickness 0.125mm, annealed, 99.98%
Nickel, foil, 4mm disks, thickness 0.125mm, as rolled, 100%
Nickel, foil, 4mm disks, thickness 0.125mm, as rolled, 99.99+%