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In situ techniques in biomimetic mineralization studies of calcium carbonate.

Chemical Society reviews (2010-01-30)
Archan Dey, Gijbertus de With, Nico A J M Sommerdijk
ABSTRACT

The often astonishing material properties of crystalline biominerals are generally related to the hierarchical assembly of specifically interacting organic and inorganic components. To synthesize new materials with similar advanced properties applying nature's biomimeralization strategies we need to unravel the mechanisms of biologically and biomimetically controlled mineral formation. Since the literature is extensive this tutorial review is focussed on CaCO(3), the most abundant biomineral. We will first review the different approaches to biomimetic mineralization and describe the most recent advancements in the field. Subsequently the importance of in situ and time-resolved experiments, with their possibilities and limitations, is discussed with selected references.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

USP
Calcium Carbonate (AS), United States Pharmacopeia (USP) Reference Standard
Sigma-Aldrich
Calcium carbonate, ≥99.995% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Calcium carbonate, powder, ≤50 μm particle size, 98%
Sigma-Aldrich
Calcium carbonate, ACS reagent, chelometric standard, 99.95-100.05% dry basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Calcium carbonate, 99.999% trace metals basis
Supelco
Calcium carbonate, certified reference material for titrimetry, certified by BAM, ≥99.5%
Sigma-Aldrich
Calcium carbonate, tested according to Ph. Eur.
Sigma-Aldrich
Calcium carbonate, BioUltra, precipitated, ≥99.0% (KT)
Sigma-Aldrich
Calcium carbonate, Vetec, reagent grade, 99%
Supelco
Calcium carbonate, Pharmaceutical Secondary Standard; Certified Reference Material
Sigma-Aldrich
Calcium carbonate, puriss., meets analytical specification of Ph. Eur., BP, USP, FCC, E170, precipitated, 98.5-100.5% (based on anhydrous substance)
Sigma-Aldrich
Calcium carbonate, ACS reagent, ≥99.0%, powder
Sigma-Aldrich
Calcium carbonate, anhydrous, free-flowing, Redi-Dri, ReagentPlus®, ≥99%
Sigma-Aldrich
Calcium carbonate, ReagentPlus®
Sigma-Aldrich
Calcium carbonate, BioReagent, suitable for insect cell culture, ≥99.0%
Sigma-Aldrich
Calcium carbonate, BioXtra, ≥99.0%