Mutation of hypoxanthine guanine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT) gives rise to Lesch-Nyhan syndrome, which is characterized by hyperuricemia, severe motor disability, and self-injurious behavior, or HPRT-related gout with hyperuricemia. Four mutations were detected in two Lesch-Nyhan families and two families with partial deficiency since our last report. A new mutation of G to TT (c.456delGinsTT) resulting in a frameshift (p.Q152Hfs*3) in exon 3 has been identified in one Lesch-Nyhan family. In the other Lesch-Nyhan family, a new point mutation in intron 7 (c.532+5G>T) causing splicing error (exon 7 excluded, p.L163Cfs*4) was detected. In the two partial deficiency cases with hyperuricemia, two missense mutations of p.D20V (c.59A>T) and p.H60R (c.179A>G) were found. An increase of erythrocyte PRPP concentration was observed in the respective phenotypes and seems to be correlated with disease severity.