Merck

Oxide diffusion in innovative SOFC cathode materials.

Faraday discussions (2014-11-20)
Y Hu, V Thoréton, C Pirovano, E Capoen, C Bogicevic, N Nuns, A-S Mamede, G Dezanneau, R N Vannier
ABSTRACT

Oxide diffusion was studied in two innovative SOFC cathode materials, Ba(2)Co(9)O(14) and Ca(3)Co(4)O(9)+δ derivatives. Although oxygen diffusion was confirmed in the promising material Ba(2)Co(9)O(14), it was not possible to derive accurate transport parameters because of an oxidation process at the sample surface which has still to be clarified. In contrast, oxygen diffusion in the well-known Ca(3)Co(4)O(9)+δ thermoelectric material was improved when calcium was partly substituted with strontium, likely due to an increase of the volume of the rock salt layers in which the conduction process takes place. Although the diffusion coefficient remains low, interestingly, fast kinetics towards the oxygen molecule dissociation reaction were shown with surface exchange coefficients higher than those reported for the best cathode materials in the field. They increased with the strontium content; the Sr atoms potentially play a key role in the mechanism of oxygen molecule dissociation at the solid surface.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

USP
Calcium Carbonate (AS), United States Pharmacopeia (USP) Reference Standard
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Calcium carbonate, anhydrous, free-flowing, Redi-Dri, ReagentPlus®, ≥99%
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Calcium carbonate, Vetec, reagent grade, 99%
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Calcium carbonate, ACS reagent, ≥99.0%, powder
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Calcium carbonate, ReagentPlus®
Supelco
Calcium carbonate, Pharmaceutical Secondary Standard; Certified Reference Material
Sigma-Aldrich
Calcium carbonate, puriss., meets analytical specification of Ph. Eur., BP, USP, FCC, E170, precipitated, 98.5-100.5% (based on anhydrous substance)