The coenzyme specificity of enzymes is one of the critical parameters for the engineered production of biological compounds using bacteria. Since NADPH is produced abundantly in photosynthetic organisms, conversion of an NADH-specific enzyme into an NADPH-specific one is a useful approach for the efficient carbon-neutral production of biological compounds in photosynthetic organisms. In the present study, an NADH-specific ferredoxin reductase component, BphA4 of biphenyl dioxygenase BphA from Acidovorax sp. strain KKS102, was changed to an NADPH-dependent form using a method combining structure-based systematic mutations and site-directed random mutagenesis. The resultant CRG mutant, in which Glu175-Thr176-Gln177 of an NADH-recognition loop in the wild-type BphA4 was replaced with Cys175-Arg176-Gly177, was highly specific and active for NADPH, and its biochemical and structural properties for NADPH were nearly the same as those of the wild-type BphA4 for NADH. In addition, this mutation project was assessed by a semi-empirical prediction method of mutation effects, and the results suggested that the CRG mutant was one of the best NADPH-specific mutants.