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Cadmium-cysteine coordination in the BK inner pore region and its structural and functional implications.

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (2015-04-08)
Yu Zhou, Xiao-Ming Xia, Christopher J Lingle
ABSTRACT

To probe structure and gating-associated conformational changes in BK-type potassium (BK) channels, we examined consequences of Cd(2+) coordination with cysteines introduced at two positions in the BK inner pore. At V319C, the equivalent of valine in the conserved Kv proline-valine-proline (PVP) motif, Cd(2+) forms intrasubunit coordination with a native glutamate E321, which would place the side chains of V319C and E321 much closer together than observed in voltage-dependent K(+) (Kv) channel structures, requiring that the proline between V319C and E321 introduces a kink in the BK S6 inner helix sharper than that observed in Kv channel structures. At inner pore position A316C, Cd(2+) binds with modest state dependence, suggesting the absence of an ion permeation gate at the cytosolic side of BK channel. These results highlight fundamental structural differences between BK and Kv channels in their inner pore region, which likely underlie differences in voltage-dependent gating between these channels.

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