A liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray tandem mass spectrometry method was developed for the analysis of ethylene glycol, diethylene glycol, triethylene glycol, 1,4-butanediol, 1,2-butanediol, 2,3-butanediol, 1,2-propanediol and 1,3-propanediol, in serum after a Schotten-Baumann derivatization by benzoyl chloride. Usual validation parameters were tested: linearity, repeatability and intermediate precision, limits of detection and quantification, carry over and ion suppression. Limits of detection were between 0.18 and 1.1 mg/L, and limits of quantification were between 0.4 and 2.3 mg/L. Separation of isomers was possible either chromatographically or by selecting specific multiple reaction monitoring transitions. This method could be a useful tool in case of suspected intoxication with antifreeze agents, solvents, dietary supplements or some medical drug compounds.